Directives to prophet(saws) in quran in 1st and 3rd person
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
I wanted to know in some of the places allah directly talks to Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) and some places in Quran allah talks to Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) as a third-person. Why like this. Am I understanding wrongly or is there ant explanation for this ?? Please let me know.. Also, as red in soome of online forums this is one of causes why Jews are keep on debating with muslims ....
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Directives to Prophet(saws) in quran in 1st and 3rd person
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Respected brother in Islam, first and foremost we must understand that the Glorious Quran was not revealed in the form of a document or a book, but rather it was revealed by inspiration to Prophet Mohamed (saws) in the form of discourses over a period of 23 years according to the situations, incidents, or circumstances which happened to transpire at the time of the Revelation.
Thus, in the course of revelation, at times it seems that Allah Subhanah is addressing mankind, or the Prophet (saws) himself, or the believers, or even the disbelievers in the first person, and at times it seems that the Merciful Lord is speaking in the third person, narrating the Truth of what transpired in the past or what will transpire in the future! Both modes of conversation have been utilized by the All-Knowing, All Wise Lord for his chosen last and final Message, which He revealed as the Book of Guidance to all mankind until the end of time. The duty of the Messenger of Allah (saws) was to relay verbatim whatever the Lord Most Majestic Revealed unto him.
Your Question: Why like this. Am I understanding wrongly or is there ant explanation for this ??
As believers we must trust the Perfect Knowledge and the Absolute Wisdom of the Lord All-Knowing All-Wise; and based on His Perfect Knowledge and Wisdom the Lord Most Majestic Willed and Decreed that this is the best way and medium to guide mankind towards the Truth.
Examples of when the Lord addresses the Prophet Mohamed (saws) in the 1st Person:
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 33 Surah Ahzaab verse 45:
45 O Prophet! Truly We have sent thee as a Witness, a Bearer of Glad Tidings, and a Warner
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 33 Surah Ahzaab verse 28:
28 O Prophet! Say to thy Consorts: "If it be that ye desire the life of this world and its glitter then come! I will provide for your enjoyment and set you free in a handsome manner."
Examples of the Lord Speaking in the 3rd Person:
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 9 Surah Taubah
113 It is not fitting for the Prophet and those who believe that they should pray for forgiveness for pagans even though they be of kin after it is clear to them that they are companions of the Fire.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 33 Surah Ahzaab
12 And behold! The Hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease (even) say: "Allah and His Apostle promised us nothing but delusion!"
13 Behold! A party among them said: "Ye men of Yathrib! Ye cannot stand (the attack)! Therefore go back!" and a band of them ask for leave of the Prophet saying "Truly our houses are bare and exposed" though they were not exposed: they intended nothing but to run away!
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,