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The Concept of Muta or temporary marriage

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One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Dear Brother,

I would like to know what is a Motta marriage or temporary marriage. Please can you kindly explain giving references from Quran.


One of our brothers/sisters has asked a similar question on the forum:

Many thanks for all your mails, sabaks, questions to our answers etc and truly speaking these are all worthwhile reading and ofcourse very knowledgeable. Though, many of our brothers and sisters donot like you because of your difference in opinion about the Syedna, but after reading the ayaat and the meaning of it from the Holy Qu'ran I certainly agree that you are truly spreading the word of Islam in its correct way and it is upto us to understand and think. May God bless you for doing this commendable job of spreading the True Deen of Islam.

I have another question to ask, pls advise if " MIITAH " ( temporary marriage ) is halal and permissible in Islam. You know what I mean, this is a temporary convenience marriage agreed by both the parties for a certain limit period and then separate with no strings attached. Can you pls explain if such is allowed and if so, elaborate.


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The Concept of Muta or temporary marriage

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Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 103 Surah Al Asr verses 1-3: By the Time. Man is surely in great loss. Except those who believed and did good righteous deeds, and exhorted one another to the Truth, and exhorted one another to patience.


Ref: The Concept of Muta or temporary marriage.

In the days of Jaahiliya (before Islam), there were basically three relationships between a non-mehram man and woman.

Nikah: A marriage contract between man and woman, with the intention of spending the rest of their lives together.

Muta: A marriage contract between a man and a woman, for a limited period only.

Zina: Prostitution, adultery or fornication as we know it today.


There were many rites, customs, and vices in the days of Jaahiliya, and Islam successfully eliminated them in a timely manner, and kept only the permissible rites and customs in Islam. Vices like gambling and alchohol were declared haraam in Medina, almost 13-15 years after the appointment of Prophethood. Similarly, the eating of usury was declared haraam by Allah and His Messenger almost 22-23 years after the appointment of Prophethood!


Similarly, Muta continued to be practised until about 19 years after the appointment of Prophethood, and was declared haraam in the 6th year after Hijrah, on the Day of the Battle of Khaybar, by the Messenger of Allah.


It has been authentically reported that Yahya related from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Abdullah and Hasan, the sons of Muhammad ibn Ali ibn Abi Talib from their father, Hadrat Ali ibn Abi Taalib, (r.a.), that the Messenger of Allah (saws), forbade temporary marriage with women and the flesh of domestic donkeys on the Day of Khaybar.


Narrated by Hadrat Ali bin Abi Talib (r.a.): On the day of Khaibar, Allah's Apostle forbade the Mut'a (i.e. temporary marriage) and the eating of donkey-meat.


Narrated by Saburah ibn Ma'bad al-Juhani: The Messenger of Allah (saws) prohibited temporary marriage with women.


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