Is it haram to smoke marijuana in islam? and is the smoking of tobacco permitted?
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
is it haram to smoke marijuana in islam?
and is the smoking of tobacco permitted?
if so, why is there a difference?
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Smoking and marijuana
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 5 Surah Maidah verses 90-91:
90 O ye who believe! Intoxicants and gambling, (dedication of) stones, and (divination by) arrows, are an abomination of the Shaytaan's handiwork; Eschew such (abomination) that ye may prosper.
91 The Shaytaan's plan is (but) to excite enmity and hatred between you with intoxicants and gambling, and hinder you from the remembrance of Allah and from prayer: will ye not then abstain?
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 3679 Narrated by Aisha
I heard the Messenger of Allah (saws) say: Every intoxicant is haraam; if a quantity of anything causes intoxication, a handful of it is (also) haraam.
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 2776 Narrated by Anas ibn Malik
Allah's Messenger (saws) invoked the curse of Allah on ten people in connection with wine: the wine-presser, the one who has it pressed, the one who drinks it, the one who conveys it, the one to whom it is conveyed, the one who serves it, the one who sells it, the one who benefits from the price paid for it, the one who buys it, and the one for whom it is bought.
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 4477 Narrated by Jabir ibn Abdullah
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "He who believes in Allah and the Last Day, must not (even) sit at a cloth (or table, etc.) where wine is being circulated."
Anything that intoxicates when consumed is absolutely forbidden for the believers, who sincerely believe in Allah and the Last Day. There is absolutely no doubt that the consumption of the drug marijuana intoxicates; thus even to approach it, leave alone consume it, would be absolutely prohibited for the believers.
Ref: Tobacco smoking:
Cigarettes, cigars, sheesha, or tobacco smoking were not available or prevalent at the time of the Revelation of the Quran, thus there is no specific mention of tobacco smoking in the Quran or the Sunnah. Thus it is upto the jurists and the scholars in Islam to come to a consensus regarding its ruling and verdict in light of the guidance of the Quran and the Sunnah.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisaa verse 29:
O ye who believe! Eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities: but let there be amongst you traffic and trade by mutual good-will: nor kill (or destroy) yourselves: for verily Allah hath been to you Most Merciful.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 195:
And spend of your substance in the cause of Allah, and make not your own hands contribute to your destruction, but do good; for Allah loveth those who do good.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 7 Surah Aaraaf verse 157:
157 "Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered Prophet (Mohamed (saws)), whom they find mentioned in their own (Scriptures); in the Torah and the Gospel; for he (saws) commands them what is just and forbids them what is evil: he allows them as lawful what is tayyebaat (good and pure) and prohibits them from what is khabaayith (bad and impure); He (saws) releases them from their heavy burdens and from the yokes that are upon them. So it is those who believe in him, honor him, help him, and follow the Light which is sent down with him; it is they who will prosper."
The absolute majority of the scholars (and even the scientific world for that matter!) are unanimous in their opinion that any kind of tobacco smoking is extremely dangerous to ones and others health, and tantamount to the violation of the above commands of the above quoted verses of Surah Nisaa and Surah Baqarah where Allah Subhanah commands the believers not to kill or destroy yourselves nor make your own hands contribute to your destruction! Besides, in light of the clear guidance of the above quoted verse of Surah Aaraaf, every khabaayith (evil, bad, impure thing, etc.) is forbidden to the believers.
To declare a substance haraam or halaal is the sole and exclusive Right of Allah and His Messenger (saws) alone. Because the likes of cigarettes, cigars, sheesha or tobacco smoking, etc. are not specifically declared haraam by name in the Quran and the Sunnah, the good scholars have abstained from declaring it as haraam. But the absolute majority of the scholars are of the opinion that since tobacco smoking seriously harms ones health and is amongst the khabaayith (evil, bad, impure substances); it is definitely closer to the haraam than to the halaal. And Allah Alone Knows Best.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,