How to pray for the dead people, what special sural and dua to read etc.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.
(May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
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How to help deceased
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His
help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide,
and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear
witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear
witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His
Abu Hurairah reported, "The Prophet
(saws) said, 'When a person dies all his good deeds cease except for
continuous act of charity (which the deceased did in his lifetime),
knowledge (which the deceased left behind),
a righteous son (children) who prays for him'.''
Related by Muslim and Abu Dawood.
Abu Hurairah reported, "The Prophet
(saws) said, 'The righteous works that continue to benefit a believer after his
death include the knowledge that he taught and spread among others, a righteous
son (children) whom he leaves behind, or a copy of the Qur'an that he bequeaths
to his inheritors, or a mosque that he builds, or a rest house that he builds
for the wayfarers, or a canal of water that he digs for the benefit of others,
or a charity that he gives out of his property during his life while he is
sound of health. He will continue to receive reward for all these even after
Related by Ibn Maajah.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 31 Surah
Luqmaan verse 33:
33 O mankind! Do your duty to your Lord and fear (the coming of)
a Day when no father can avail aught for his son; nor a son can avail aught for
his father! Verily the Promise
of Allah is True: let not then this present life deceive you, nor let the Chief
Deceiver (the Shaytaan) deceive you about Allah.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 44 Surah
Dukhan verses 40-42:
40 Verily the Day of Sorting Out is the time
appointed for all of them
41 The Day when no protector can avail his client in aught, and no help
can they receive (from any quarter)
42 Except such as receive Allah's Mercy: for
He is exalted in Might Most Merciful.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 82 Surah
Infitaar verses 18-19:
18 Again what will explain to thee what the
Day of Judgment is?
19 (It will be) the Day when no soul shall have power (to do) aught for
another: for the Command that Day will be
(wholly) with Allah.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 6.294 Narrated by Abu Huraira
The Messenger of Allah (saws) stood up when
the Verse: "And warn your tribe of near kindred..." (26.214) was revealed and said, "O
people of the Quraish people! Buy yourselves! I cannot save you from Allah (if
you disobey Him)! O Bani Abu Manaf! I cannot save you from Allah (if you
disobey Him)! O Abbas, the son of Abdul Muttalib (and uncle of the Prophet
(saws))! I cannot save you from Allah (if you disobey Him)! O Safiya, (the aunt
of the Prophet (saws))! I cannot save you from Allah (if you disobey Him)! O
Fatimah, the daughter of Muhammad! Ask what you wish from my property, but I
cannot save you from Allah (if you disobey Him)!"
In light of the above absolutely clear guidance of the
Quran and the Sunnah, there is none except Allah Subhanah Who Alone can help
someone after their death….no father, no son, no wife, no Prophet, absolutely
no one….except the Lord of the Worlds Alone.
Although there is no ‘one’ who can help their deceased
loved ones after their death, there are some things which the survivors of the
deceased may do which would definitely benefit the deceased after their death.
If the deceased are one’s parents, or guardians, or loved
ones who inspired and strove and were instrumental in helping to guide them to
the Straight Path and obedience of Allah, then every single good deed that the
one who was taught by them does….. not only will that person (living) have
their own reward for that deed, but the Lord Most Merciful will bestow upon the
deceased an equal reward for that deed, without any diminish whatsoever in the
reward of the one who does the deed.
Jarir ibn Abdallah reported: "The
Prophet (saws) said: 'Whoever introduces a good practice in Islam will get its
reward and the rewards for all those who follow these practices after him,
without any loss to their reward. And
whoever introduces a bad practice in Islam will acquire its sin and the sins of
all those who practice it, without any decrease in their sins."
Thus my beloved sister, it is not the performing of
self-invented rites and rituals (qulls, fatihas, hutums, etc) or the
recitations of some Verses or Surahs which help one’s deceased loved ones in
aught, but what really helps them is the supplications their surviving loved
ones makes for them….. and if the deceased was one who was instrumental in
another’s guidance to the Right Path, then every single good deed that these
survivors do, the deceased too shall have a reward of those deeds without any
diminish in the reward of the one’s who does good deeds.
If one trusts, obeys, and follows the guidance and
commands of Allah and His Messenger (saws),
one can be assured of never ever being misled; but if one believes, obeys and follows any
other guidance, other than that of Allah and His Messenger (saws), one can be
assured of being led astray.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only
due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me
alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is
the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well
wisher in Islam,