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1-What is a Kafara for one fast and which are the conditions to drop fast? 2-I heared from someone that the Salat-ul-suna' of Fajar.

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My question are;

1-What is a Kafara for one fast and which are the conditions to drop fast?

2-I heared from someone that the Salat-ul-suna' of Fajar should be offered before FARZ .mean to say if some one comes late at the prayer time when the Imaam is offering farz in jamaat.so one should offer suna' first leaving farz behind Imaam.Tell me can we offer these suna' right after farz of fajar when the light has not prevailed or we must wait for the sun to rise and on the time of Ishraq we offer it?

3-If somehow we reach at mosque in Isha and Farz in jamaat has been offered especially in Ramadan and Salat-ul-Tarweeh get started can we make these trawee'h 2 raka't as our farz of Isha behind imaam  and after imaam finish these two raka't we stand up and offer two more raka't to complete 4 raka't of Isha or we should offer Isha separately?

 

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Your Question: What is a Kafara for one fast and which are the conditions to drop fast?

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 185:

185 Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'an as a guide to mankind also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So everyone of you who is present (or witnesses) the month should spend it in fasting but if anyone is ill or on a journey the prescribed period (should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you He does not want to put you to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 184:

184 (Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill or on a journey the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it (with hardship) is a ransom the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more of his own free will it is better for him and it is better for you that ye fast if ye only knew.

 

The conditions which allow one to miss or drop an obligatory fast in Shariah are:

  1. the menstruation of women
  2. If one is temporarily or permanently ill and fears that the keeping of ones fast will further deteriorate their health.
  3. If one is on a journey away from his resident city or town.

 


If one is genuinely ill, or fears that fasting would aggravate his illness, of if one is pregnant and fears that fasting may effect the health of the mother or the unborn in any way, etc.; one has been given the option by the Lord Most Merciful that the believer may leave the fast/s and make up the missed fasts at a later date/s of their convenience.

 

If one is indulged in a permanent or terminal form of illness and has absolutely no hope of recovering from that illness whereby one is unable to even make up the missed fasts at a later date.then the atonement for such terminally ill believers is the feeding of (at least) one poor indigent person for each fast missed. This form of atonement of feeding (at least) one poor person for each fast missed is only for those who are terminally ill and have no hope of recovery, and not for the temporarily ill.those who are temporarily ill are not eligible to atone their missed fasts by feeding the poor, but they have to make up their missed fasts by fasting on other days of their convenience.

 

Your Question: I heared from someone that the Salat-ul-suna' of Fajar should be offered before FARZ .mean to say if some one comes late at the prayer time when the Imaam is offering farz in jamaat.so one should offer suna' first leaving farz behind Imaam.Tell me can we offer these suna' right after farz of fajar when the light has not prevailed or we must wait for the sun to rise and on the time of Ishraq we offer it?

Aishah narrates that the Prophet (saws) said about the two rakat before the obligatory fajr prayer: "They are dearer to me than the whole world."

Related by Ahmad, Muslim, and at-Tirmidhi.

 

Abu Hurairah narrates that the Prophet (saws) said: "Do not leave the two rakah before the obligatory fajr prayer, even if you are being attacked by a cavalry!"

Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, al-Baihaqi, and at-Tahawi. (The message of the hadith is that one should not leave the two rakah Sunnah before the fajr no matter what the excuse, even while under enemy attack or under most trying conditions.)

 

Aishah says: "The Messenger of Allah (saws) was not so particular about observing any supererogatory prayer as he was in observing the two rakah before salatul fajr." Related by al-Bukhari, Muslim, Ahmad, and Abu Dawud.

 

: "The two rakah before the obligatory fajr prayers are better than this world and all it contains."

Related by Ahmad, Muslim, at-Tirmidhi, and an-Nasa'i.

 

Aishah narrates that the Prophet (saws) said: "I have never seen him [the Prophet (saws)] more in haste to do a good deed than when he was to perform the two rakah before the obligatory fajr.

Related by Ahmad and Muslim.

 

The appropriate time to pray the two-rakah voluntary prayer is before the fajr obligatory prayer. The Messenger of Allah (saws) never missed offering this two-rakah voluntary prayer before the obligatory fajr prayer and this prayer is known in Fiqh as one of the Sunnah Muakkedah or an extremely preferred Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws).

 

Your Question..mean to say if some one comes late at the prayer time when the Imaam is offering farz in jamaat.so one should offer suna' first leaving farz behind Imaam

Ali ibn Shaiban relates that the Messenger of Allah (saws) saw a man praying (alone) behind the row (or rows of congregational prayer) and he (saws) waited for him and (when he finished) told him: "Go forward (and join the row) for the salah of a person standing alone behind the rows is not valid."

Related by Ahmad, Ibn Majah, al-Baihaqi and Ahmad.

 

In light of the above guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws) it is severely disliked that a person lets go or misses a part of the obligatory prayer in congregation, only so that he may fulfill his nafl or sunnah optional prayers.

 

If one has already started their nafl or sunnah prayer, and sees or hears the iqama or call of the congregational obligatory prayer, one should simply leave their nafl or sunnah optional prayer and immediately join the rows to perform the congregational prayer with the believers. A few scholars are of the opinion that if one is almost about to complete ones nafl or sunnah optional prayer like being in ones last ruku or tashahud, and one happens to hear the iqama for the congregational prayer, one may complete his optional prayer as soon as possible and join the congregational prayer. But if one has a full rakah (or more) left in ones optional prayer, and one hears the call or iqama for congregational prayer, it would be best to leave their optional prayer, and join the congregational prayer.

 

Your Question: Tell me can we offer these suna' right after farz of fajar when the light has not prevailed or we must wait for the sun to rise and on the time of Ishraq we offer it?

Qais ibn Umar relates that he went to the dawn (fajr) prayer and found the Prophet (saws) praying fajr. Although Qais had not prayed the two-rakah sunnah prayer, he joined the Prophet (saws) and prayed with him (in congregation). When he (Qais) had finished fajr in congregation, he immediately stood up and prayed the two rakah (Sunnah) prayer. The Messenger of Allah (saws) passed by him and inquired: "What is this prayer?" Qais then informed him of all that had happened. The Prophet (saws) kept silent and did not say anything.

Related by Ahmad, Ibn Khuzaimah, Ibn Hibban, at-Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, and Ibn Majah.

 

In light of the above quoted authentic tradition, there is absolutely no harm if one has for any reason missed the offering of the two-rakah Sunnah prayer before the fajr prayer, to offer it immediately after one has completed the fajr prayer in congregation.

 

Your Question: If somehow we reach at mosque in Isha and Farz in jamaat has been offered especially in Ramadan and Salat-ul-Tarweeh get started can we make these trawee'h 2 raka't as our farz of Isha behind imaam  and after imaam finish these two raka't we stand up and offer two more raka't to complete 4 raka't of Isha or we should offer Isha separately?

Abu Said narrates that a man entered the Mosque, and the Prophet (saws) and his companions had finished praying their obligatory prayer in congregation. The Prophet (saws) said: "Who will give sadaqah to him by praying with him in congregation?" So, a man from amongst the companions (who had already prayed) stood up and offered prayers in congregation with him.

Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, and at-Tirmidhi

 

Yazid al-Aswad says: "We prayed dawn prayer (fajr) with the Messenger of Allah (saws) at Mina and two men came and stopped at their resting places. The Prophet (saws) ordered for them to be brought and they came shaking with fear. The Prophet (saws) said to them: 'What prevented you from praying with the people (in congregation)? ...Are you two not Muslims?' They answered: 'Certainly we are, O Messenger of Allah (saws), but we had already prayed in our resting place.' The Prophet (saws) told them: 'If you pray in your resting places and then come upon an imam (leading a congregation), pray again with him, and it will be nafl prayers for you.'"

Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, An-Nasa'I, and at-Tirmidhi.

 

There is absolutely no condition or stipulation in Shariah that the intention of prayer of the Imam leading the prayer, and the believers praying behind him must have the exact same intentions.

 

It is absolutely permissible and lawful for the Imam to intend to pray nafl or sunnah optional prayer, and a believer praying behind him offering his fard prayers; or the imam intending to offer fard prayer, and the believer praying behind him making intention to offer his nafl prayer.

 

If one reaches the mosque late and misses ones obligatory Isha prayers in congregation and finds that the imam has already started the tarawih prayers, there is absolutely no harm if the believer makes intention to offer his obligatory isha prayers and joins the tarawih congregation.and subsequently completes the required numbers of rakahs of his isha prayers once the imam has declared the tasleems.

 

Ibn 'Umar reports that the Prophet (saws) said: "Prayer in congregation is superior to a prayer performed individually by twenty-seven degrees."

Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

 

If one reaches the mosque late and misses the obligatory isha prayers in congregation, without an iota of a doubt, it would be better and more meritorious (by twenty-seven degrees!) for him to join the tarawih congregation and make intention to offer his isha prayers in congregation than to offer his isha prayers in isolation.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan


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