Improper menstrual bleeding and gusl
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
I wanted to know about the maximun time period one has to wait for taking the ghusal after the mensturial bleeding, or in other words if one hasnt got a proper routine every month than how much time should we take off from prayers and fasting . i have a contraceptive coil fitted in, due to which i have quite heavy bleeding for about 15 days, should i start reading namaz
after 10 days or ?
I will appretiate if i can have the answer.
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Improper menstrual bleeding and gusl
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Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 1.72
Women with Prolonged Flows of Blood
Islam defines such an occurrence as the flowing of blood outside of the regular time. This usually happens in three specific cases.
In the first case, the woman knows that her flow of menstrual blood is lasting longer than usual. In such a case, she will act according to her customary period, and the remainder will be considered days of prolonged blood flows. This is based on the hadith of Umm Salamah (r.a.), the wife of the Prophet (saws), in which she asked the Messenger of Allah (saws) about this condition. He (saws) said, "She should wait for the days and nights of her normal period and figure them out of the month, and she should leave the prayer during those days. (Afterwards) she should perform ghusl, tighten something around her private parts and then pray."
Related by Bukhari, Muslim, Ahmad, Abu Dawood.
Al-Khattabi commenting on the above hadith holds, "That regulation is for the woman who is experiencing prolonged blood flows. If the blood is flowing, the Prophet (saws) ordered her to leave the prayer during her regular period, and to perform ghusl after her customary time has passed. Then, she becomes just like any other purified person."
In the second case, a woman does not know her period well enough to determine if she is experiencing menstrual bleeding or a prolonged flow of blood. In that case, her menstruation is considered to be six or seven days, which is the most common among women.
In the third case, a woman has a regular period, but she is able to distinguish the blood. She should, therefore, behave according to the type of blood she sees. Fatimah bint Abu Hubaish had a prolonged flow of blood, and the Prophet (saws) told her, "If it is menstrual blood, it is dark and recognizable. If you have that, abstain from the prayer. If it is other than that, make ablution and pray, for it is a vein."
In all the above three possible cases in prolonged bleeding, the women must determine whether the bleeding is dark and thus menstrual or otherwise and not menstrual, determine the days of her normal menstruation period, and then purify herself and make herself available for prayer and fasting (if Ramadan).
If the bleeding continues after her determined period of menstruation, she only needs to purify herself once after the completion of her menstruation period, tighten something around her private parts (if still bleeding), and only perform wudu before the advent of every prayer in the days after the normal menstruation period.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your Brother in Islam,