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What are the rules and requirements of Iddah?

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

What are the requirements & obligations of the women regarding Iddah-is it obligatory & what rules are observed? is it mentioned in Quran? do all Muslims follow it? 

 

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Answer:

 

What are the rules and requirements of Iddah?

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

There are two types of iddah or waiting period ordained by Allah Subhanah on the believing woman, and both are the commandments of Allah Subhanah in the Holy Quran.


The iddah or waiting period after the death of her husband

The iddah or waiting period after a divorce.

 

We assume you are enquiring about the iddah or waiting period of the believing woman after the death of her husband and will, Insha Allah, try to address it in this article.

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 234 (part):If those of you who die and leave wives behind, they should abstain (from marriage) for a period of four months and ten days. Then, when their waiting term expires, they are free to do whatever they choose for themselves, provided that it is decent; you shall not be answerable for this. Allah is fully aware of what all of you do.

 

The above waiting period of mourning of four months and ten days is an obligatory duty on every believing woman whose husband dies, and it is definitely a practice of all the believing woman, who sincerely believe in Allah and the Last Day. There is slight exception for a widow who is pregnant at the time of the death of her husband her waiting period or iddah is until she delivers the baby be it the next day or until after nine months!

 

The rules for observing this waiting period or iddah and period of mourning are as follows:

The widow should not wear fashionable or attractive clothing; neither apply perfume; nor apply make-up, etc. She must be dressed in plain, simple and humble clothing for the period of the iddah.

She should not leave the house unless there is an emergency or a basic need, which no one can do for her. Example: she may go to a hospital if ill, or she may go out to get her food and necessities if there is no one to get it for her, etc.

She should be in a genuine state of mourning, remember Allah much, and pray and supplicate Allah Subhanah for her deceased partner and herself.

 

There is no particular clothing, or a particular color of clothing that she needs to wear like only black, or only white, etc. Any basic, simple, humble and plain clothing will suffice. Neither is there any restriction that she cannot see the moon, or the mirror, etc. which some people try to enforce on the widow in the name of Islam. These have absolutely no basis or evidence from the guidance of Allah and His Messenger (saws).

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your Brother in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 

 

 


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