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Is the witr salah (one rakah) must be said only once

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Dear Mr Burhan

assalamo alaikum

Eid mubarak to you & your team.

 

i have a question for witr salah. pls. guide me

i go to mosque for isha and taraweeh salah, i read only 8 taraweeh, i leave 2 plus 1 rakah since i come back to mosque for qayamul lail. duirng that period i read 8 rakah that is tahhajud and 2 + 1 . pls tell me one is witr what is the other 2 rakah before 1 witr ? is this sunnat or nafl? the lady standing next to me in the mosque says when i go for taraweeh i must read the 2 rakah after taraweeh and before witr. can i say this 2 rakah salah both the times i.e. after taraweeh and during qayyamul lail? i told her i will do it during tahhajud (qayyamul lail)

 

i would also like to inquire before saheri if i get up and pray some nafl is it o.kay if i prayed the witr during qayamul lail? as i am not sure every day whether i will get up at 3.00 a.m to do this nafl. but i get up so what should be done.is my wirt valid which i do in the mosque at 12.20.a. m.

 

is the witr salah (one rakah) must be said only once or if i am in the mosque for taraweeh i must say and if i go again for qayamul lail i must say the witr again as i see many ladies doing both the times.

 

pls. give me the answer in detail.

thanks a lot

jazakallah

 

a sister

 

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Answer:

 

Can one pray witr twice

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

It is reported that Hadrat Ali (r.a.) said: "The witr prayer is not required like your obligatory prayers, but the Prophet (saws) would perform the witr prayer and say: 'O you people [followers] of the Qur'an, perform the witr prayer, for Allah is One and He loves the witr.'"

 

The Prophet (saws) said: 'The night prayer is sets of two rak'at. If one fears the coming of the dawn, he should perform one rak'ah, thereby making all of them odd [witr].'

 

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.112 Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar

The Prophet (saws) said, "Make Witr as your last prayer at night."

 


The witr prayers are not obligatory, but an extremely preferred Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws), and he (saws) time and again exhorted the believers to offer the witr prayers and make it the last prayer of the night.

 

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.13

It is permissible to perform the witr prayers by praying two rak'at combinations[and concluding each of them with a tashahud and the tasleems] and then praying one rak'ah with a tashahud and taslim. Likewise, it is allowed to pray all the rak'at with two tashahuds and one taslim. One may pray an even number of rak'ats, one after another, without making any tashahud, save in the one before the last rak'ah in which case one makes the tashahud and then stands to perform the last rak'ah wherein one will make another tashahud and end the prayer with the taslim. One may also make only one tashahud and the taslim, in the last rak'ah of witr. All of that is permissible and can be traced to the Prophet (saws).

Al-Bukhari and Muslim quote 'Aishah saying that the Prophet (saws) would perform thirteen rak'at during the night and would make the witr prayer, and he would not 'sit' except in the last rak'ah of them. In another hadith, 'Aishah reports that the Prophet (saws) would perform nine rak'at during the night and that he would not sit during them until the eighth rak'ah in which he would make remembrance of Allah, praising Him, and would make supplication. Then, he would stand without making the taslim and pray the ninth rak'ah, after which he would sit, make the tashahud and make the taslim in such a manner that we could hear him.

 

The Prophet (saws) said: 'The night prayer is sets of two rak'at. If one fears the coming of the dawn, he should perform one rak'ah, thereby making all of them odd [witr].'

 

Since the number of rakahs of the voluntary night prayers are not specified, one may pray as many rakahs as is easy for him, either in a two rakah combination with a tashahud and tasleem for each, or all of them together with only a tashahud at the end of the prayer with no tasleem; then end these voluntary night prayers with one rakah of witr with a tashahud and tasleems thus making all of them witr or an odd number. The Messenger of Allah (saws) prayed the night voluntary prayers in both ways, thus if one follows any one of the ways he would be in accordance with the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws).

 

The term Witr basically means an odd number, and the wisdom or concept behind the witr prayer is to conclude the day prayers with witr or an odd number of rakahs which is fulfilled by the three rakahs of the obligatory Magrib prayers, and the end the night prayers with witr or an odd number of rakahs.

 

Your Question: pls tell me one is witr what is the other 2 rakah before 1 witr ? is this sunnat or nafl?

 

Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 1418 Narrated by Ubayy ibn Ka'b

The Messenger of Allah (saws) used to observe witr by (reciting) Surah 87 Al-Ala in the first rakah and Surah 109 Al-Kafiroon in the second; and in the witr or solitary rakah he (saws) would recite Surah 112 Al-Ikhlaas.

 

Aishah reported that the Prophet (saws) would recite Surah 87Al a'la in the first rak'ah, Surah 109Al-Kafirun in the second, and the last three Surahs (112 Ikhlaas, 113 Falaq and 114 Naas) in the final rak'ah of witr.

Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud and Tirmidhi

 

The two-rakah prayer just before the solitary witr prayer is called the Shaff prayer, and it is amongst a preferred Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws).

 

Your Question: the lady standing next to me in the mosque says when i go for taraweeh i must read the 2 rakah after taraweeh and before witr. can i say this 2 rakah salah both the times i.e. after taraweeh and during qayyamul lail? i told her i will do it during tahhajud (qayyamul lail)

Beloved Sister, the tarawih or qiyam-ul-layl are Sunnah and thus optional prayers, thus one may recite any number of rakahs as one wills or is easy for them.

 

If one wills to offer the two rakahs of shaff during both the congregational tarawih and the qiyam ul-layl prayers, there is absolutely no harm; and if one wishes to recite them only once after the qiyam-ul-layl, there is absolutely no harm either.

 

There is absolutely no obligation upon the believers that they must recite the shaff prayers during the tarawih prayers, especially if one wishes to recite them after the qiyam ul-layl prayers and before their witr prayer.

 

i would also like to inquire before saheri if i get up and pray some nafl is it o.kay if i prayed the witr during qayamul lail? as i am not sure every day whether i will get up at 3.00 a.m to do this nafl. but i get up so what should be done.is my wirt valid which i do in the mosque at 12.20.a. m.

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.112 Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar

The Prophet (saws) said, "Make Witr as your last prayer at night."

 

The Prophet (saws) said: 'The night prayer is sets of two rak'at. If one fears the coming of the dawn, he should perform one rak'ah, thereby making all of them odd [witr].'

 

Firstly, one should only pray one witr prayer, and they should strive to make the witr their last prayer of their night prayers.

 

If one is fortunate enough to have a habit, or one has an intention of offering nawafil prayers alone in the night, then it would be best to offer their solitary witr prayer after their nawafil prayers at home; thus making the witr prayer the last prayer of their night. Thus when the witr is being offered after the qiyam ul-layl prayers in congregation in the mosques in Ramadan, one has two lawful options:

  1. One may pray the witr prayers after the qiyam ul-layl in congregation, and when the Imam does the tasleem after his one-rakah witr prayer, one should not do the tasleem with the congregation but stand up and offer one more rakah; and offer their one-rakah witr after their nawafil prayers at home.
  2. Or, one may simply chose to abstain from joining the witr prayer in congregation after the qiyam ul-layl prayers.

 

But if one has already prayed the witr prayer in congregation with the qiyam-ul-layl in congregation, and happens to wake up before suhoor and intends to offer some nawafil prayers, there is absolutely no harm. They may pray as many nawafil prayers in a two-rakah combination as they will and please; and since they have already offered their witr prayer earlier, they should not offer it again.

 

Your Question: is the witr salah (one rakah) must be said only once or if i am in the mosque for taraweeh i must say and if i go again for qayamul lail i must say the witr again as i see many ladies doing both the times.

The Prophet (saws) said: 'The night prayer is sets of two rak'at. If one fears the coming of the dawn, he should perform one rak'ah, thereby making all of them odd [witr].'

 

The sole purpose of offering the witr prayer is to make the number of rakahs one offers in the night to add up to an odd number. If one were to offer the witr prayer twice, then that defeats the whole purpose! The witr prayer should only be offered once, and preferably as the last prayer of the night.

 

It would not be in accordance to the practice and Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) for someone to intentionally offer the one-rakah witr prayer twice in one night.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan


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