I just want to ask about the namaaz we have to offer when we are in a journey or safr-e-namaz,
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One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
I just want to ask about the namaaz we have to offer when we are in a journey or safr-e-namaz, I want to know whether we have to offer all the farz namaaz for all the 5 times, and what about the isha prayer, is it necessary to offer witr also with farz. Another thing I want to know is that safr-namaaz is for how many periods, I mean if I have to go to another country for a month then how long should I offer the safr-namaaz. Can you please tell me also how is the safr-namaaz offered, the niyat for that and the rakaats for safr-namaz. Thanking you.
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Travel qasr prayers
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Your Question: I just want to ask about the namaaz we have to offer when we are in a journey or safr-e-namaz
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisaa verses 101-102:
101 When ye travel through the earth there is no blame on you if ye shorten your prayers.
Dear and Beloved Sister in Islam, to make the observance of the deen easy, the Lord Most Merciful has permitted the believers, men and women, to shorten their prayers when they are on travel as stated in the above Verse of Surah Nisaa.
There are several authentic narrations that the Messenger of Allah (saws) would shorten his prayers whenever he (saws) was on a journey. According to authentic tradition the Prophet (saws) did not stay out of Madinah for a period longer than 20 days at any one stretch where he (saws) did indeed shorten his prayers, the eminent scholars and jurists in Islam have differed on exactly how many days one may offer shortened prayers when one is on a journey, depending on which hadith they use as their evidence for their opinion.
Some of the scholars have said four days, while others have allowed ten, fourteen, nineteen or twenty days, while others have said even six months and others have said that regardless of the time, as long as one has no intention to settle down in that place, he may shorten his prayers as long as he does not return to his place of residence! Each of the eminent scholars have given their evidence from the Sunnah or tradition of the Messenger of Allah (saws) and of his noble companions, thus regardless of which school or thought one prefers over the other, as long as one has evidence from the Sunnah, it would be deemed acceptable in Shariah.
Aishah says: "One who does not put down his provision is to shorten the salah."
Ibn al-Mundhir states in his Ishraf: "The people of knowledge are in agreement that a traveler may perform qasr (shortened) prayers as long as he does not intend to stay (permanently) in a place.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.112
Hafs ibn 'Ubaidullah says: "Hadrat Anas
ibn Malik (r.a.) stayed in ash-Sham for two years and he prayed the salah of a
traveler (Qasr). Hadrat Anas (r.a.)
relates: "The companions of the Prophet (saws) stayed in Ram Hurmuz for
seven months and they shortened their salah." Al-Hassan reports: "I stayed with
'Abdurrahman ibn Samurah (r.a.) for two years in
Your Question: I want to know whether we have to offer all the farz namaaz for all the 5 times,
Even when one is traveling and praying qasr or shortened prayers, the two-rakah of the obligatory fajr prayers and the 3-rakahs of the obligatory magrib prayers will be prayed in full; but the four-rakahs which one would normally pray for the dhuhr, asr and isha prayers will be shortened to 2-rakahs each.
There is evidence in the authentic and established Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) that while traveling and praying shortened prayers, he (saws) would at times offer the prayers at their appointed times separately; and at times he would combine the dhuhr+asr prayers together, and the magrib+isha prayers together. Thus it is absolutely permissible for one who is traveling to either pray all the five obligatory prayers at their appointed times, or combine the prayers and offer them at three times during the day and nightwhichever is easy and convenient for them.
Your Question: and what about the isha prayer, is it necessary to offer witr also with farz.
It is reported that Hadrat Ali (r.a.) said: "The witr prayer is not required like your obligatory prayers, but the Prophet (saws) would perform the witr prayer and say: 'O you people [followers] of the Qur'an, perform the witr prayer, for Allah is One and He loves the witr.'"
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.112 Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar
The Prophet (saws) said, "Make Witr as your last prayer at night."
The witr prayers are not considered obligatory in Shariah, but they are without an iota of a doubt, an extremely preferred Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) and it is reported that the Messenger of Allah (saws) never missed his witr prayers, regardless of whether he (saws) was traveling or resident.
Thus it would be highly recommended and encouraged that even when traveling, one should observe their witr prayers; but if for any reason, one is unable to offer them, there is no sin upon them.
Your Question: Can you please tell me also how is the safr-namaaz offered, the niyat for that
The neeyah or intention for any prayers is the intention one makes in ones heart regarding the type of prayer one wishes to offer; thus the intention of one who is traveling and intends to pray the qasr or shortened prayer is simply to make intention in his heart regarding the type of prayer he is about to offer. Just like there is absolutely no need to make a verbal or loud intention if one were to offer their prayers when resident, there is absolutely no need to make a verbal or loud intention when one is traveling and intends to offer qasr or shortened prayers.
The way to offer ones qasr or shortened salaah is exactly the same as one would offer it when one is resident, except that the dhuhr, asr, and isha prayers will be prayed as two-rakahs instead of the four-rakahs one would pray if he were a resident.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,