Some people use to fast on every Friday continouly, but according to Sahi Bukhari 1845 &1855 , Hazrat Mohammad (SAW) forbade the fasting on Friday.Please explain this point.
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1.Some people use to fast on every Friday continouly, but according to Sahi Bukhari 1845 &1855 , Hazrat Mohammad (SAW) forbade the fasting on Friday.Please explain this point.
2.Rasool Allah (SAW) didn't practice taraweeh continouly in Ramadan, but we are doing this in Ramadan continouly, Is it come in Bida?
3.I have performed my qaza prayers after Asar, but some body said to me it is not allowed to say prayers after Asar. Should i have to say my qaza prayers again. and also tell what is the suitable timing for qaza prayers?
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Fast on Fridays
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Q-1: Some people use to fast on every Friday continouly, but according to Sahi Bukhari 1845 &1855 , Hazrat Mohammad (SAW) forbade the fasting on Friday.Please explain this point.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 3.121
The day of Friday is a kind of weekly 'id for Muslims and, therefore, it is discouraged and disliked to fast on that day. Most scholars say that this prohibition is one of dislike and not one of complete forbiddance.
If one fasts on the day before or after it, or if it is a day that one customarily fasts on (for example, the 13th, 14th, or 15th of the month), or if it is the day of 'Arafah or Ashurah, then it is not disliked to fast on such a Friday.
Abdullah ibn Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah (saws) entered the room of Juwairiyah bint al-Harith while she was fasting on a Friday. He (saws) asked her: "Did you fast yesterday?" She answered, "No." He (saws) said: "Do you plan to fast tomorrow?" She answered, "No." Then he (saws) said: "Then break your fast."
Related by Ahmad and an-Nasa'i.
Amr al-Ashari reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah (saws) say: "Verily, Friday is an Eid for you, so do not fast on it unless you fast the day before or after it."
Related by al-Bazzar.
Ali counseled: "He who wants to [fast] voluntarily should fast on Thursday instead of Friday, for Friday is a day of eating, drinking, and remembrance."
Related by Ibn Abu Shaibah.
Jabir reported that the Prophet (saws) said: "Do not fast on Friday unless you fast on it together with the day before or the day after."
Related by Bukhari and Muslim.
In light of the above guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws) it is indeed extremely disliked to observe voluntary fasts only on Fridays, unless the person fasts a day before or after it. To fast exclusively on Fridays would be against the Sunnah and guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws).
Q-2: Rasool Allah (SAW) didn't practice taraweeh continouly in Ramadan, but we are doing this in Ramadan continouly, Is it come in Bida?
It is reported by Abu Hurairah that the Prophet (saws) would encourage people to perform the special prayers during Ramadan without commanding them as obligatory and he said: "Whoever prays during the nights of Ramadan [tarawih] with a firm belief and hoping for reward, all of his previous sins would be forgiven."
Related by Muslim and Bukhari.
Hadrat Aisha (r.a.) reported that The Prophet offered salah (tarawih) in the mosque and many people prayed with him. The next day he (saws) did the same and more people prayed with him. Then the people gathered on the third night but, the Prophet (saws) did not come out to them. In the morning, he (saws) said to them: 'Surely I saw what you did, and nothing prevented me from coming out to you, save that I feared that it [tarawih prayer] would be made obligatory upon you.' And that was during Ramadan."
Related by Muslim and Bukhari.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 9.393 Narrated by Zaid bin Thabit
The Prophet (saws) took a room made of date palm leaves mats in the mosque. The Prophet (saws) prayed in it for a few nights till the people gathered (to pray the night prayer (Tarawih) (behind him.) Then on the 4th night the people did not hear his voice and they thought he had slept, so some of them started humming in order that he might come out. The Prophet (saws) then said, "You continued doing what I saw you doing till I was afraid that this (Tarawih prayer) might be enjoined on you, and if it were enjoined on you, you would not continue performing it. Therefore, O people! Perform your prayers at your homes, for the best prayer of a person is what is performed at his home except the compulsory (congregational) prayer.
It is also true that during the time of Hadrat Umar, Hadrat Uthman, and Hadrat Ali the people prayed the Taraweeh of twenty rak'at, and this is the opinion of the majority of the jurists of the Hanafi and Hanbali schools. At-Tirmidhi says: "Most of the people of knowledge follow what has been related from 'Umar and 'Ali and other companions of the Prophet, [i.e., that they prayed Taraweeh of] twenty rak'at. And this is the opinion of al-Thauri, Ibn al-Mubarak, and ash-Shaf'i. And so I found the people of Makkah praying twenty rak'at."
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.28
It is allowed to pray tarawih of the month of Ramadan in a congregation just as it is allowed to pray them on an individual basis. The majority of the scholars, however, prefer to pray them in congregation. The Prophet (saws) himself led the tarawih prayers in congregation with the Muslims for three days, but he discontinued since he feared that it would be made obligatory.
'Umar was the one who convoked the Muslims to pray tarawih behind one imam. Abdurahman ibn Abdulqari reports: "One night during Ramadan, I went with 'Umar to the mosque and the people were praying (tarawih) in different groups. Some were praying by themselves and others were praying in small groups. 'Umar said: 'I think it would be better if I gathered them under one imam .' Then he did so and appointed Ubayy ibn Ka'b as the leader of the prayer. Then I went out with him on another night and all the people were praying behind one imam and 'Umar said: 'What a good innovation (bid'ah) this is,' but, it is better to sleep and delay it until the latter portion of the night." The people (however) prayed it at the beginning of the night. This is related by al-Bukhari, Ibn Khuzaimah, and alBaihaqi.
Dear and Beloved Brother in Islam, the Messenger of Allah (saws) himself led the Tarawih prayers in Ramadan one year for three days and thus established the Sunnah, but discontinued the practice of leading the Tarawih prayers in congregation as he (saws) feared that these prayers would be made obligatory upon the believers. Thus the praying of the tarawih prayers continued throughout the life-time of Prophet Mohamed (saws) and during the reign of Hadrat Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (r.a.), but the believers performed it individually. During the reign of the second Khalifah Hadrat Umar (r.a.), since there was no more fear of the tarawih being made obligatory, Hadrat Umar (r.a.) re-started the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) to pray the Tarawih prayers behind one imam in congregation.
Thus the praying of the tarawih prayers is not an innovation, but rather a Sunnah which was established by the Messenger of Allah (saws). The phrase What a good bidah this is used by Hadrat Umar (r.a.) was no more than an expression of his satisfaction at seeing the believers pray the tarawih behind one imam and the re-starting of the Sunnah established by the Messenger of Allah (saws). The phrase of Hadrat Umar (r.a.) should not be taken out of context to mean anything more than an expression of his joy and satisfaction at seeing the believers perform their prayers in congregation behind one Imam.
Some people or sects who have their own agenda to revile some noble companions of the Prophet (saws) misrepresent this phrase of Hadrat Umar (r.a.), and try to propagate that Hadrat Umar (r.a.) started to bring innovations in the deen of Islam, whereas nothing could be further from the Truth! Although the Tarawih is a Sunnah which the Messenger of Allah (saws) himself established, but just for arguments sake if one were to claim that it was Hadrat Umar (r.a.) who started this practice, it would have been incumbent upon the believers to follow this practice from this command of the Messenger of Allah (saws):
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 4590 Narrated by Irbad ibn Sariyah
Al-Irbad said: One day the Messenger of Allah (saws) led us in prayer, then faced us and gave us a lengthy exhortation at which the eyes shed tears and the hearts were afraid. A man said: O Messenger of Allah (saws)! It seems as if it were a farewell exhortation, so what injunction do you give us? He (saws) then said: I enjoin you to fear Allah, and to hear and obey even if it (your leader) be an Abyssinian slave, for those of you who live after me will see great disagreement. You must then follow my Sunnah and that of the Rightly-Guided Khalifahs.
Q-3: I have performed my qaza prayers after Asar, but some body said to me it is not allowed to say prayers after Asar.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 3.212 Narrated by Abu Said
The Prophet (saws) forbade the prayers after the Fajr (morning) and the 'Asr (afternoon) prayers.
No prayers should be offered after the obligatory fajr prayers until the sun has completely risen, and after the obligatory asr prayers until the sun has completely set. If one has missed ones prayers and wishes to offer qada prayers, they should either be prayed before the asr prayer or after the magrib prayer.
Your Question: Should i have to say my qaza prayers again.
If one inadvertently has said ones qada prayers after the asr prayers, there is no need to re-do the qada prayers again; it is expected that their Lord will accept their prayers.
Your Question: and also tell what is the suitable timing for qaza prayers?
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisaa verse 103:
Indeed the Salaat is a prescribed duty that should be performed by the believers at (their) appointed times.
Unless and until one sleeps, or forgets, or its a matter of life and death, etc., there is absolutely no reason for one to miss their prayers and/or make them qada! The obligatory prayers are a duty that should be performed by the believers at their appointed times.
The obligatory prayers that one has intentionally missed can never be recompensed; and the only atonement of ones missed prayers is to turn to their Lord Most Merciful in sincere Taubah and seek sincere repentance for their lapse; it is expected that they will find their Lord Forgiving and Merciful. And the best form of manifesting ones repentance and taubah for intentionally missing ones obligatory prayer is to offer the missed prayer, in the hope that their Lord Most Gracious will accept their repentance and forgive them their leaving of this paramount and obligatory duty.
One should never ever intentionally miss ones prayers with the intention to make them qada; and if for a very valid reason one has unfortunately missed ones prayers on time, they should pray it immediately as soon as they remember it.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,