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Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)


One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Assalam alaikum Dear Burhan, I was going thru some of ur answers on the forum and found this Hadith


Sahih Muslim Hadith 6392 Narrated by Hudhayfah ibn Usayd


The Prophet (saws) said: “When the drop of (semen) remains in the womb for forty (days) or forty nights, the angel comes and says: “My Lord, will he be good or evil?” And both these things would be written. Then the angel says: “My Lord, would he be male or female?” And both these things are written. And his deeds and actions, his death, his livelihood; these are also recorded. Then his document of destiny is rolled and there is no addition to and subtraction from it.


After reading this I was totally confused as I believe that we are on a test on this earth where Allah has given us a free will to chose between good and evil, Hence we make our own destiny, a person who is hard working is always rewarded thats why I dont believe in luck. It also makes me mad when someone says I got something cuz of my luck and if i wouldnt have worked for it I would still get it as Allah has already decided. I feel Allah has given everyone a free chance to work for and gain whatever they want wether it is for this life or the life after. I know some people who dont believe in ` hard work pays off ` they believe in `destiny` and always slack off.


But by reading the above mentioned hadith one feels that Allah has already decided who is going to b good n evil, can u plz clear this for me, as this has made me lose faith in what i believed in, hard work! why work for something if i cant decide?


Also can u tell me about the ayath where Allah says if anyperson thinks and unbiasly reads the Quran he can never reject Allah the Truth. Thank you for ur time Salam


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Fate, Destiny

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad(saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.


In light of the above authentic narration of the Messenger of Allah (saws) quoted, four things are predetermined:

  1. Whether the new born will be male or female.
  2. What will be his ‘rizk’ or provision.
  3. What day, date, and place he will die.
  4. Whether the person will be an evil or good person.


We would just like to clarify here what is the actual reality of Fate or Destiny. To get a fuller understanding of Fate, it can be divided into two parts:


Part-1: One part of Fate is things over which the person has absolutely no control. For example, the three points in the above hadith: Whether one will be born male or female, what will his provision be, and what day, date and place one will die. These are the Decisions of Allah Subhanah Alone, and no matter how much a person makes supplication to Allah Subhanah, he cannot change his sex from male to female, or change his appointment with death, etc.


Part-2: The second part of fate is not a Decision or Decree from Allah Subhanah, but is the knowledge of the All-Knowing, All-Wise Lord. For example, it is written down before one is born whether he will be a good or evil person! It is not as if Allah Subhanah is (I seek refuge in Allah from saying this) unjust, and has already condemned someone to be evil, so he has to become evil!!! Because Allah Subhanah is the All Knowing, He already knows from His Absolute Knowledge and Wisdom, what the person with the given free will and intelligence will do in the future; and thus what is written is not a Decision from Allah Subhanah, but is written because of the Absolute and Perfect Knowledge of Allah Subhanah.


Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 6.473 Narrated by Ali ibn Abi Taalib

While we were in a funeral procession in Baqi Al-Gharqad, the Messenger of Allah (saws) came and sat down, and we sat around him. He had a small stick in his hand and he bent his head and started scraping the ground with it. He (saws) then said, "There is none among you, and no created soul, but has his place written for him either in Paradise or in the Hell-Fire, and also has his happy or miserable fate (in the Hereafter) written for him." A man said, "O Messenger of Allah (saws)! Shall we depend upon what is written for us and give up doing (good) deeds? For whoever among us is destined to be fortunate (in the Hereafter), will join the fortunate peoples; and whoever among us is destined to be miserable will do such deeds as are characteristic of the people who are destined to misery." The Prophet (saws) said, "Those who are destined to be happy (in the Hereafter) will find it easy and pleasant to do the deeds characteristic of those destined to happiness; while those who are to be among the miserable (in the Hereafter), will find it easy to do the deeds characteristic of those destined to misery." Then he (saws) recited: "As for him who gives (in charity) and keeps his duty to Allah and believes in the Best reward from Allah, We will make smooth for him the path of ease. But he who is a greedy miser and thinks himself self-sufficient, and gives the lie to the Best reward from Allah we will make smooth for him the path for evil." (Quran 92:5-10)


Your Question: Also can u tell me about the ayath where Allah says if anyperson thinks and unbiasly reads the Quran he can never reject Allah the Truth.

To the best of our knowledge such an Aayah does not exist in the Glorious Quran; but there are several Aayahs where Allah Subhanah declares what kind of people are guided by Him to the Right Path.


Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 42 Ash-Shura verse 13:

13 The same religion has He established for you as that which He enjoined on Noah--the which We have sent by inspiration to thee--and that which We enjoined on Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Namely, that ye should remain steadfast in Religion and make no divisions therein: to those who worship other things than Allah, hard is the (way) to which thou callest them. Allah chooses to Himself those whom He pleases and guides to Himself those who turn (to Him).


Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 17 Surah Israa verses 18-19:

18 If any do wish for the transitory things (of this life) We readily grant them--such things as We will to such persons; in the end have We provided Hell for them; they will burn therein disgraced and rejected.

19 Those who do wish for the (things of) the Hereafter and strive therefor with all due striving and have Faith; they are the ones whose striving is acceptable (to Allah).


Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.


Your Brother in Islam,





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