Who related the most Hadiths
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Q4.The books of Ahlul' Sunnah
are replete with traditions narrated by Hadhrath Ayesha, Abu Hurraira and
Abdullah Ibne Umar. Their
narration's; far exceed those relayed by Hadhrath Ali (as), Hadhrath Fatima (sa), Hadhrath Hassan (as) and Hadhrath Hussain (as). Why is this the case? When the Prophet (saaws) declared "I am the City of Knowledge and Ali is it's Gate", did Hadhrath Ali (as) benefit less from the company of the Prophet (saaws) than these individuals?
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Who related the most Hadiths
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
First, we want to point out is that the hadith you have quoted in your question is not authentically reported.
The truth is that reporting the number of hadiths from the Prophet (saws) is not a criteria of being the nearest to the Messenger of Allah (saws). Each of the noble companions had their own capabilities and each excelled at some things. Some excelled in strategy, some excelled in the art of war, some excelled in memorizing and reciting the Quran, some excelled in learning and relating hadiths, etc.
The people who have related the maximum number of hadiths are companions like Abdulla ibn Abbas, Abdulla ibn Masood, Abdulla ibn Umar, Abu Huraira, etc. And most of the hadiths of the Messenger (saws) concerning his private and personal life in the house were related by his wife Hadrat Aisha.
Companions like Hadrat Abu Huraira were poor and homeless, and basically stayed in the mosque and behind the Prophets (saws) house. They were known as the Ashaab us Suffaa. They neither had a home, nor a wife, nor children, nor any business.. and thus did not have any worldly responsibilities. Their main objective was to stay with and around the Messenger of Allah (saws), and thus they were the ones who reported most of the available ahaadiths.
And if one compares the hadiths related by Hadrat Abu Bakr, Hadrat Umar, Hadrat Uthman and Hadrat Ali, they will realize that very few hadiths have indeed been reported by these noble and closest companions of the Prophet (saws). The number of hadiths reported by an individual is not a criteria for their nearness to the Messenger of Allah (saws).
The deen of Islam was completed the Quran revealed, and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) was established at the time of the death of the Prophet (saws). Whatever happened after the death of the Prophet (saws) is the History of the Muslims, and this is in the knowledge of Allah Alone. Allah will not hold us accountable for the deeds of these people, nor ask us about them on the Day of Judgment. We will be asked about our deeds and what did we do for the cause of Islam.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 134: They were a people who passed away. They shall receive the reward of what they earned, and you shall have the reward of what you will earn. And you will not be questioned as to what they did.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother in Islam,