Working in bank
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Dear Brother, SalaamAlaikum,
One of my brothers is working as a bank representative for selling loans and credit cards. He earns huge amount as incentives. My question are as follows: 1. Is the property purchased with these incentives is Haram? 2. Is the rent from the mentioned property is Haram? 3. He provides the same money to his relatives as a financial help. The same money is Halaal or Haraam for his relatives?4.Can he expect reward from Allah (SWT) in the hereafter? 5. Since 4 years he is paying zakaat, giving Qurbani (animal sacrifice) with the same money - haraam or Halaal?
Kindly reply ASAP.
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Working in bank
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Respected Brother in Islam, it is not that the system of banking in its essence has been declared haraam in Islam; but what Allah and His Messenger (saws) have specifically and categorically declared absolutely forbidden and haraam is the concept of riba, and without an iota of a doubt, the modern concept of interest is but a part of riba.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 274-276:
But those who devour riba become like the one whom Shaitaan has bewitched and maddened by his touch. They have been condemned to this condition because they say, Trade is just like riba, whereas Allah has made trade halaal and riba haraam. Henceforth, if one abstains from taking riba after receiving this admonition from his Lord, no legal action shall be taken against him regarding the riba he had devoured before: his case shall ultimately go to Allah. But if one repeats the same crime even after this, he shall go to Hell, where he shall abide for ever! Allah deprives riba of all blessing and develops charity, and Allah does not like an ungrateful, sinful person.
Allah says further in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 278:
O Believers!, fear Allah and give up that riba which is still due to you, if you are true believers. But if you do not do so, then you are warned of the declaration of war against you by Allah and His Messenger!
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisa verse 161:
That they took riba, although they were forbidden. And that they devoured mens substance wrongfully. We have prepared for those among them who reject faith a grievous punishment (of Hell Fire)!
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 2829 Narrated by Ali ibn AbuTalib
Ali heard Allah's Messenger (saws) invoke the curse of Allah on those who took usury, those who paid it, those who recorded it, and those who refused to give sadaqah.
There is absolutely no doubt that the conventional financial system is based on the system of riba, and even though one might not be involved himself in consuming riba, their working in such institutions would make them an accomplice in promoting and facilitating what has clearly been declared forbidden by Allah and His Messenger (saws).
If one facilitates any business which deals exclusively in what has been specifically declared as haraam or unlawful by Allah and His Messenger (saws), like riba, prostitution, pornography, intoxicants, etc., then without an iota of a doubt, one would indeed have a share in the sin according to ones level of participation.
One cannot say with absolute conviction that the earning of every person working in a conventional financial institution is unlawful or haraam; but if ones involvement with the institution facilitates riba, then without an iota of a doubt, one would indeed have a share in the sin according to ones level of participation. It would definitely be prudent and wise of the believers to fear Allah and seek to employ their talents elsewhere and earn their livelihood from a source which is not doubtful.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 3.267 Narrated by An Numan bin Bashir
The Prophet (saws) said "Both the halaal (legal) and the haraam (illegal) things are obvious, and in between them are (suspicious) doubtful matters. So whoever forsakes those doubtful things lest he may commit a sin, will definitely avoid what is clearly illegal; and whoever indulges in these (suspicious) doubtful things bravely, is likely to commit what is clearly illegal. Sins are Allah's Hima (i.e. private pasture) and whoever pastures (his sheep) near it, is likely to get in it at any moment."
Respected brother, instead of seeking employment in a conventional financial institution which favor or facilitate the concept of riba, it would be prudent to employ your talents in one of the several Shariah compliant financial institutions.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 65 Surah Talaq verse 2 (part):
And for those who fear Allah He (ever) prepares a way out.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,