Fasting on 10-11 rabi awwal.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
I would like to ask question about fasting in the month of Rabbi Awwal.
is that must to fast on 10th and 11th day of Rabbi Awwal, please clarify the same for which i ll be thankful to you.
Thanks & Regards
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Fasting on 10-11 rabi awwal
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Keeping voluntary fasts to earn the pleasure of Allah Subhanah is a meritorious act of worship in Islam, and one may keep a voluntary fast on any day except some specific days which are prohibited by Allahs Messenger (saws).
Amr al-'Ashari reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah (saws) say: "Verily, Friday is a day of Eid for you, so do not fast on it unless you fast the day before or after it."
Related by al-Bazzar.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 3.120a
Hadrat Umar (r.a.) said: "The Messenger of Allah (saws) has forbidden fasting on the two days of Eid (Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Adha). Concerning the Eid of breaking the fast, it is for you to break your fast [of Ramadan]; and on the Eid of sacrifice, you should eat from what you sacrifice."
Related by Ahmad, an-Nasa'i, atTirmidhi, Abu Dawud, and Ibn Majah.
Abu Hurairah reported that the Messenger of Allah (saws) sent 'Abdullah ibn Hudhaqah to announce at Mina: "You are not to fast the days of tashreeq (the three days after the Eid ul-Adha). They are days of eating, and drinking, and remembering Allah."
Related by Ahmad.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 4.629 Narrated by Abdullah bin Amr
Allah's Messenger (saws) was informed that I have said: "By Allah, I will fast all the days and pray all the nights as long as I live." On that, Allah's Messenger (saws) asked me: "Are you the one who says: 'I will fast all the days and pray all the nights as long as I live?' " I said, "Yes, I have said it." He (saws) said, "You cannot do that! So fast (sometimes) and do not fast (sometimes). Pray and sleep. Fast for three days a month, for the reward of a good deed is multiplied by ten times, and so the fasting of three days a month equals the fasting of a year." I said, "O Allah's Messenger (saws)! I can do (fast) more than this." He (saws) said, "Fast on every third day." I said: "I can do (fast) more than that." He (saws) said: "Fast on alternate days and this was the fasting of Prophet Dawood (a.s.) which is the most moderate sort of fasting." I said, "O Allah's Messenger (saws)! I can do (fast) more than that." He (saws) said, "There is nothing better than that!"
In light of the above guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws), the believers must abstain from fasting on:
- Fridays, for the day of Friday is a day of Eid for the believers.
- The days of the Eid-ul-Fitr and the Eid-ul-Adha.
- The three days of tashreeq after the Eid-ul-Adha (when performing the Hajj pilgrimage)
- It is not permissible for a believer to keep continuous fasts.
Apart from the above listed prohibited days, one may keep voluntary fasts as often and as many as one wishes and is easy for them.
Your Question: .is that must to fast on 10th and 11th day of Rabbi Awwal,
The only fasts which are obligatory upon the believers are the fasts in the holy month of Ramadan; all the other fasts are nafl or supererogatory.
To the best of our knowledge there is absolutely nothing in the authentic and established Sunnah which prescribes a specific merit, or advantage, or rewards for fasting on the 10th and 11th of the month of Rabi al-Awwal.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,