Criteria for doing right
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
I am asking you this question second time please reply to it.
Also please tell me the criteria to judge the correctness of something/some act ; i mean things/acts allowed by Quran are correct; those told by us by the Prophet (SAW), those thing which were performed by Sahabas in front of the Prophet (saw) and he(saw) didn't prohibit are correct... i want a list of all these criteria Eagerly waiting for a response.
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Criteria for doing right
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad(saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
The criteria to judge any deed or act as good or evil in Islam is first and foremost the Divine Guidance of the very words of our Lord and Creator; the Al-Quran.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2, Surah Baqarah aayat 185:"Ramadan is the month in which the Quran was sent down: this Book is a perfect guidance for mankind, and consists of CLEAR teachings which show the Right Way, and are a Criterion of the Truth and falsehood."
Then comes the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws). And the Sunnah is considered anything that the Messenger of Allah (saws) commanded, said, did, or any act or deed done in front of him which he (saws) did not prohibit.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 33 Surah Ahzab verse 21:There is indeed the best example for you to follow, in the Messenger of Allah, for every such person who looks forward to Allah and the Last Day, and remembers Allah much.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 3 Surah Ale Imran verse 31-32:O Prophet, tell the people, If you sincerely love Allah, follow me. Then Allah will love you and forgive you your sins, for He is All Forgiving, All Merciful. Also say to them, Obey Allah and His Messenger. And if, in spite of this, they do not accept your invitation, warn them that Allah does not love those, who refuse to obey Him and His Messenger.
And after that, comes the Sunnah or Way of the Rightly Guided Khalifas of Islam.
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 4590 Narrated by Irbad ibn Sariyah
One day the Messenger of Allah (saws) led us in prayer, then faced us and gave us a lengthy exhortation at which the eyes shed tears and the hearts were afraid. A man said: O Messenger of Allah! It seems as if it were a farewell exhortation, so what injunction do you give us? He (saws) then said: I enjoin you to fear Allah, and to hear and obey even if it be an Abyssinian slave, for those of you who live after me will see great disagreement. You must then follow my Sunnah, and Sunnah of the Rightly-Guided Khalifahs. Hold to it and stick fast to it. Avoid novelties, for every novelty is an innovation, and every innovation is an error.
If any deed is not from the above three criterias, then it cannot be considered a virtue in Islam; but rather it will be considered a bidah or innovation. And as the Messenger of Allah (saws) said: Avoid novelties, for every novelty is an innovation, and every innovation is an error.
It has been reported in an authentic narration that the Prophet of Allah (saws) said: Whoever introduces a bida (innovation) in this deen brought by me (saws), it will be rejected.
It has been reported by Imam Ali ibn Abu Talib (r.a.) that the Prophet of Allah (saws) said: If anyone introduces an innovation (in religion), he will be responsible for it. If anyone introduces an innovation or gives shelter to a man who introduces an innovation (in religion), he is cursed by Allah, by His angels, and by all the people.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your Brother in Islam,