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What is the importance & objectives of friday prayer/Quthba? Is it applicable to ladies as well?

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As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

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What is the importance & objectives of friday prayer/Quthba? Is it applicable to ladies as well?

 

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significance of friday jumua

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Your Question: What is the importance & objectives of friday prayer/Quthba?

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 62 Surah Jumua verses 9-10:

9 O ye who believe! When the call is proclaimed to prayer on Friday (the Day of Assembly) hasten earnestly to the Remembrance of Allah and leave off business (and traffic): that is best for you if ye but knew!

10 And when the Prayer is finished then may ye disperse through the land and seek of the Bounty of Allah: and celebrate the Praises of Allah often (and without stint): that ye may prosper.

 

Abu Hurairah reports that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said: "The best day on which the sun rises is Friday. [On Friday] Adam was created, and on that day he entered Paradise, and on that day he was expelled from Paradise. And the Hour will come to pass on Friday."

Related by Muslim, Abu Dawud, an-Nasa'i, and at-Tirmidhi.

 

Abu Hurairah reports that one Friday the Prophet (saws) said: "O gathering of Muslims, Allah has made this day (of Friday) an Eid for you, so make ghusl and use the miswak (on this day)."

Related by at-Tabarani

 

Abu Sa'id reports that the Prophet (saws) said: "Every Muslim should have a ghusl on Friday and wear his best clothing, and if he has perfume, he should use it."

Related by Ahmad, al-Bukhari, and Muslim.


 

Abu Lubanah al-Badri relates that the Prophet (saws) said: "The most prominent (or leader) of the days is the day of Jumu'ah and the most honored in Allah's sight, and it is more honored in Allah's sight than the day of breaking the fast, or the day of sacrifice. It has five significant merits: Allah created Adam on this day; on this day Allah sent Adam down to the earth; on this day Allah caused Adam to die; on this day, there is a time during which if anyone asks anything of Allah it will be granted to him unless he asks for something which is forbidden; and on this day, the Hour will be established. There are no Angels close to Allah or the sky or the earth or the wind or the mountain or the sea who are not worried concerning the day of Jumu'ah."

Related by Ahmad and Ibn Majah.

 

There is absolutely no denying the importance of the day of Jumua (Friday) in the sight of Allah Subhanah. It is the most prominent day of the week, and the Lord Most Merciful has made this day of Friday a day of Eid for the believers.

 

Ibn Mas'ud reports that the Prophet (saws) noticed some people staying away from al-Jumu'ah (Friday midday sermon and prayer)and said: "I had the notion to order someone to lead the people in prayer, and then to go and burn the houses of those who stayed away from al-Jumu'ah."

Related by Ahmad and Muslim.

 

Abu Hurairah and Ibn 'Umar report that they heard the Prophet (saws) say: "Those who are not attending the Jumua Salah should change their ways; otherwise, Allah, the Exalted, will seal their hearts and they will be reckoned the heedless."

Related by Muslim, Ahmad and an-Nasa'i.

 

Abu al-Ja'd ad-Damari reports that the Prophet (saws) said: "Whoever misses three Jumua prayers in a row out of negligence will have a seal put over his heart by Allah."

Related by Bukhari and Muslim.

 

Jabir ibn Samurah says: "The Messenger of Allah (saws) would deliver his Jumua sermon standing, would sit in between the two sermons, would recite some verses, and would remind the people [about Allah]."

Related by Muslim, Abu Dawood, Ibn Maajah, and An-Nisai.

 

The Jumua prayer consists of two short sermons followed by a two-rakah prayer. In light of the above guidance of the Quran and the authentic traditions of the Messenger of Allah (saws), the Jumua or Firday prayer is absolutely obligatory upon every free, sane, adult, resident male believer who does not have a valid excuse from attending the prayer, to be observed in congregation.

 

Abu Sa'eed reported that the Prophet (saws) said "Ghusl on Friday is obligatory (wajib) on every adult, as is using a miswak (toothbrush) and applying some perfume."

Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

 

Ibn Salam reports that he heard the Prophet (saws) say, while he (saws) was upon the pulpit on Friday: "It would do no [harm] to anyone if he were to buy two gowns for Friday other than his work clothes."

Related by Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah.

 

Salman al-Farsi reports that the Prophet (saws) said: "A man who performs ghusl on Friday, purifies [himself] what he can, and uses dye [for his hair] or perfumes himself in his house, goes to the mosque, and does not cause separation between two people [who are already seated], prays what Allah has prescribed for him, and then listens quietly while the imam speaks, all his sins between that Friday and the next Friday will be forgiven."

Related by Ahmad and al-Bukhari,

 

It is an absolutely preferred Sunnah that a believer should purify himself with a ghusl, put on his best adornment, clean his teeth and apply perfume and attend the Friday or Jumua prayer, which consists of two short sermons and a two rakah-prayer in congregation.

 

Your Question: Is it applicable to ladies as well?

Tariq ibn Shihab reports that the Prophet (saws) said: "Al-Jumu'ah (The Friday Mid-day prayer) is a duty upon every Muslim in the community, save four: a slave, a woman, a child, or a person who is ill."

 

Although it is not obligatory for the believing women to attend the Jumua sermon and prayer in the mosque like the men, if she wishes to attend the Jumua sermon and prayer, she is not to be stopped from going to the houses of Allah Subhanah.

 

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.50

It is better for women to pray in their houses than to attend congregational prayers. However, they may go to the mosque and attend the congregational prayer if they avoid wearing or using any attractive or tempting adornment or perfume.

Ibn 'Umar reports that the Prophet (saws) said: "Do not prevent the women from going to the mosques, although their houses are better for them." (Related by Ahmdad)

Abu Hurairah relates that the Prophet (saws) said: "Do not keep the slave girls of Allah from the mosques of Allah. And they are to go out unperfumed." (Related by Abu Dawood).

A woman by the name of Umm Humaid as-Sa'diyah came to the Messenger of Allah (saws) and said: "O Messenger of Allah (saws), I love to pray with you." The Prophet (saws) said: "I am aware of that, but your salah in your residence is better for you than your salah in your people's mosque. And your salah in your people's mosque is better than your salah in the [larger] congregational Mosque."

 

If the woman chooses to pray her Friday prayer at home, she is obligated to pray the four rakah obligatory dhuhr prayers; but if she attends the Jumua prayers and prays the Friday mid-day prayer in congregation in the mosque, they would suffice and she is no longer obligated to offer her normal dhuhr prayers on that day.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan


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