I like to What is exactly Ghusl means and Where & when it should be performed.
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When where how to ghusl
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Your Question: I like to What is exactly Ghusl means
When one is in the state of major or cermonial impurity and intends to purify oneself with a full bath of purification, that full bath of purification is known as ghusl in Islamic Jurisprudence.
Your Question: and Where & when it should be performed.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 5 Surah Maidah verse 5:
6 O ye who believe! When ye prepare for prayer wash your faces and your hands (and arms) to the elbows; rub your heads (with water); and (wash) your feet to the ankles. If ye are in a state of ceremonial impurity (post menstruation, post sexual intercourse, etc.) bathe your whole body. But if ye are ill or on a journey or one of you cometh from offices of nature or ye have been in contact with women and ye find no water then take for yourselves clean sand or earth and rub therewith your faces and hands. Allah doth not wish to place you in a difficulty but to make you clean and to complete His favor to you that ye may be grateful.
Ref: When to perform ghusl
The acts which make the performance of ghusl absolutely obligatory upon the believers before they can make themselves available for prayer are:
- After a wet-dream.
- When the male private organ so much as touches the female private organ.
- After sexual intercourse.
- After full sexual (semen) discharge.
- At the end of the period of menstruation of the women.
- After the end of the period of post-child birth menstruation of the women.
The Messenger of Allah (saws) commanded and guided the believers that it is wajib for the believers to perform the ghusl or full bath before they attend the Friday mid-day and the Eid prayers.
Ref: Where to perform ghusl
It is permissible for one to perform the ghusl or full bath of purification anywhere one wills provided one makes absolutely sure that ones satr is concealed from all (except ones spouse in marriage).
Ref: How to perform ghusl
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 1.58a
According to the practice of the Prophet (saws) the correct manner of performing ghusl after making intention to purify oneself and saying Bismillah is:
- wash both hands three times,
- wash the private parts,
- make a complete ablution (like the one made for prayer--the Prophet(saws) used to delay washing his feet until the end of his ghusl),
- rub water through one's hair three times, letting the water reach down to the roots of the hair,
5. pour water over the entire body, begining with the right side, then the left, washing under the armpits, inside the ears, inside the navel, inside the toes and whatever part of the body can be easily rubbed. This account is based on the following report from 'Aishah, the wife of the Prophet (saws): "When the Prophet (saws) took his bath after sexual intercourse, he would begin by washing his hands. Then he would pour water from his right hand to his left and wash his sexual organs, make the ablution for prayer, take some water and put his fingers to the roots of his hair to the extent that he sees that the skin is wet, then pour water over his head three times and then over the rest of his body." (Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.) In one narration it states, "He (saws) used to rub his head with his hands until he was certain the water reached his skin, and then he poured water over it three times." It is also related that she said, "When the Prophet (saws) would perform ghusl after having had sexual intercourse, he would call for some water, which he would pour on his right hand to wash the right side of his head and then the left. He would then take water with both hands and pour it over his head." Said Maimunah, the wife of the Prophet (saws) "I put water out for the Messenger of Allah (saws) to perform ghusl. He washed his hands two or three times, and then he poured water from his right hand to his left and washed his private parts, wiped his hands on the earth, rinsed his mouth and nose, washed his face and hands, washed his head three times, poured water over his body, and finally moved from his place and washed his feet. I brought him a towel, but he did not take it, for he shook the water off with his hands." (Related by Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Abu Dawood.)
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