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Some scholars claim that there are certain traditions of Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, to prove that it is a meritorious night in which the people of the earth are attended by special Divine mercy.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Assalaam alaikum,

I have a question about the Night of Bara`ah (Shab-e-Barat/Laylat-ul-Bara`ah).

 

Some scholars claim that there are certain traditions of Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, to prove that it is a meritorious night in which the people of the earth are attended by special Divine mercy.

Can you let me know if these traditions are infact from authentic hadiths?

 

1. Ummul-Mu`mineen `Aishah, Radi-Allahu anha, is reported to have said, "Once Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, performed the Salah of the night (Tahajjud) and made a very long Sajdah until I feared that he had passed away. When I saw this, I rose (from my bed) and moved his thumb (to ascertain whether he is alive). The thumb moved, and I returned (to my place). Then I heard him saying in Sajdah: `I seek refuge of Your forgiveness from Your punishment, and I seek refuge of Your pleasure from Your annoyance, and I seek Your refuge from Yourself. I cannot praise You as fully as You deserve. You are exactly as You have defined Yourself.`

Thereafter, when he raised his head from Sajdah and finished his salah, he said to me: `Aishah, did you think that the Prophet has betrayed you?` I said, `No, O Prophet of Allah, but I was afraid that your soul has been taken away because your Sajdah was very long.` He asked me, `Do you know which night is this?` I said, `Allah and His Messenger know best.` He said, `This is the night of the half of Sha`ban. Allah Almighty looks upon His slaves in this night and forgives those who seek forgiveness and bestows His mercy upon those who pray for mercy but keeps those who have malice (against a Muslim) as they were before, (and does not forgive them unless they relieve themselves from malice).`"

 

2. In another Tradition Sayyidah` Aishah, Radi-Allahu anha, has reported that Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, has said, "Allah Almighty descends (in a manner He best knows it) in the night occurring in the middle of Sha`ban and forgives a large number of people more than the number of the fibers on the sheep of the tribe, Kalb."

 

Kalb was a big tribe the members of which had a very large number of sheep.

Therefore, the last sentence of the hadith indicates the big number of the people who are forgiven in this night by Allah Almighty.

 


3. In yet another Tradition, she has reported Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, to have said, "This is the middle Night of Sha`ban. Allah frees in it a large number of the people from Fire, more than the number of the hair growing on the sheep of the tribe, Kalb. But He does not even look at a person who associates partners with Allah, or at a person who nourishes malice in his heart (against someone), or at a person who cuts off the ties of kinship, or at a man who leaves his clothes extending beyond his ankles (as a sign of pride), or at a person who disobeys his parents, or at a person who has a habit of drinking wine."

 

4. Sayyidna Mu`adh ibn Jabal, Radi-Allahu anhu, reports that Prophet Muhammad, Sall-Allahu alayhi wa sallam, has said: "Allah Almighty looks upon all those created by Him in the middle Night of Sha`ban and forgives all those created by Him, except the one who associates partners with Him or the one who has malice in his heart (against a Muslim)".

 

Brother, if these facts are infact authentic and were practised by our Prophet PBUH, shouldnt we be doing the same?

 

Please let me know.

Jazakumullah Khairun

 

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

 

Answer:

 

Hadiths of shabaan shabb

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Dear and beloved brother in Islam, to the best of our knowledge, we have not come across any of the above quoted incidents or narrations in the authentic and established Books of Sunnah.

 

Neither the Messenger of Allah (saws) himself, nor his noble companions, nor his noble and chaste family, nor the generation of believers who came immediately after them ever celebrated or commemorated the night of the middle of the month of Shabaan in any way whatsoever; neither is there any mention of the superiority or merits of this night compared to other nights in any of the four major schools of thought in Islam!

 

To commemorate or celebrate any day or night in Islam when its commemoration is not endorsed by Allah and His Messenger (saws) would be considered a clear and manifest bida or innovation in the Sight of Allah Subhanah; and the believers must strive to abstain from this and all such self-invented rites, rituals, and commemorations.

 

Aisha narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said: If somebody innovates something which is not present in our religion, then that thing will be rejected.

Related by Bukhari.

 

Sahih Muslim Hadith 1885 Narrated by Jabir ibn Abdullah

That the Prophet of Allah (saws) said in a sermon: The best speech is that which is embodied in the Book of Allah, the Al Quran; and the best guidance is the guidance given by me, Mohamed (saws). The most evil affairs are the innovations (bida), and every innovation (bida) is an error.

 

Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 4515 Narrated by Ali ibn AbuTalib

That the Prophet of Allah (saws) said: If anyone introduces an innovation (bida in religion), he will be responsible for it. If anyone introduces an innovation (bida) or gives shelter to a man who introduces an innovation (bida), he is cursed by Allah, by His Angels, and by all the people!

 

If one trusts, obeys, and follows the guidance and commands of Allah and His Messenger (saws), one can be assured of never ever being misled; but if one believes, obeys and follows any other guidance, other than that of Allah and His Messenger (saws), one can be assured of being led astray.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan


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