The word we use for the adan of salatul fazr `assalatu khairumminnanoum`
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Dear brother,The word we use for the adan of salatul fazr `assalatu khairumminnanoum` was it with the original adan at the time of our prophet(pbuh),or it was added with the adan at the time of khaliphah omar (R).thanks
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Phrase in adhan added or original
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 1.98
It is part of the Shari'ah that the caller to prayer say, "As-salaatu khairun min an-naum (prayer is better than sleep) twice in the morning (fajr) adhan. Abu Mahdhurah asked the Prophet (saws) to teach him the adhan, and he (saws) told him, "If it is the morning (fajr) adhan, say, (..As-salaatu khairun min an-naum, as-salaatu khariun min annaum. Allahu akbar, Allahu akbar. La illaha illal-lah."
Related by Ahmad and Abu Dawud.
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 646 Narrated by Bilal
Allah's Messenger (saws) said to me: Don't pronounce these words, `Prayer is better than sleep ' in the call for (other) prayers, except for the dawn (fajr) prayer only.
There is enough evidence in the established and authentic Sunnah that it was the Prophet (saws) himself who commanded and taught the phrase As-Salaato Khayrum minan Naum to be included in the adhan of the fajr prayer; and that is how the adhan for fajr was proclaimed at the time of the Noble Prophet (saws), at the time of all the Rightly Guided Khalifahs, and, if Allah Wills and Permits, the same will be announced by the true believers until the Last Day, Insha Allah.
There is indeed a report which suggests that it was the third Khalifah, Hadrat Umar ibn Al-Khattab (r.a.) who added this phrase in the fajr adhan; but the majority of the scholars have not accepted that report as authentic, and said that its chain of narrators is weak. The scholars who have accepted this report, declare that even if the report is to be accepted, to follow it would be obeying the command of the Messenger of Allah (saws).
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 4590 Narrated by Irbad ibn Sariyah
Al-Irbad said: One day the Messenger of Allah (saws) led us in prayer, then faced us and gave us a lengthy exhortation at which the eyes shed tears and the hearts were afraid. A man said: O Messenger of Allah (saws)! It seems as if it were a farewell exhortation, so what injunction do you give us? He (saws) then said: I enjoin you to fear Allah, and to hear and obey even if it be an Abyssinian slave, for those of you who live after me will see great disagreement. You must then follow my Sunnah and that of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs. Hold to it and stick fast to it. Avoid novelties, for every novelty is an innovation, and every innovation is an error.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,