Reference for Hadiths punishment in Graves
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
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One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
as salam brother
i just read question # 56 and 951 under topic death where all the hadiths that u have quoted u havent mentioned the refrences that u always do.pls could u kindly give the ref.
as one of my friend said there is nothing as azabe-kabr and that such thing goes against quran and there is no authentic hadith related to azabe-kabr.
could u kindly narrate a few if there are any. awaiting your early reply
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Reference for Hadiths punishment in Graves
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Your Question: i just read question # 56 and 951 under topic death where all the hadiths that u have quoted u havent mentioned the refrences that u always do.pls could u kindly give the ref.
Here follows the exact references to the quoted hadiths:
Regarding when the body reaches the grave:
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 8.521 Narrated by Anas bin Malik
Allah's Apostle said, "When carried to his grave, a dead person is followed by three, two of which return (after his burial) and one remains with him: his relative, his property, and his deeds follow him; relatives and his property go back while his deeds remain with him."
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 1627 Narrated by Abu Hurayrah
The Prophet (saws) said, "The angels are present with one who dies, and if a believer dies, they say, 'Come out, good soul, which was in the good body; come out praiseworthy and be happy with rest and provision and a Lord Who is not angry.' That continues to be said to it till it comes out. It is then taken up to Heaven and the door is opened for it. The angels are asked who this is and reply that he is so and so, whereupon these words are spoken: 'Welcome, good soul, which was in the good body; enter praiseworthy and be happy with rest and provision and a Lord Who is not angry.' That continues to be said to it till it comes to the Heaven where Allah is. But when it is a disbeliever it is said, 'Come out, wicked soul, which was in the wicked body; come out blameworthy and be grieved by a boiling liquid, one dark and intensely cold, and other kinds of its type.' That continues to be said to it till it comes out. It is then taken up to Heaven, and the door is asked to be opened for it. The question will be asked who this is and the reply given that it is so and so, whereupon these words are spoken: 'There is no welcome for the wicked soul which was in the wicked body; go back blameworthy, for the gates of Heaven will not be opened for you.' It will then be sent away from Heaven and come to the grave."
Regarding the invocation of the Prophet.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 8.387 Narrated by Aisha
The Prophet (saws) said, "O Allah! I seek refuge with You from the affliction of the Fire, and the punishment in the Fire, and affliction of the grave, and the affliction of wealth, and the affliction of poverty, and the affliction of Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal."
Regarding the grave:
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 132 Narrated by Uthman ibn Affan
The Prophet (saws) said: “Verily the grave is the first step in the stages of the Hereafter. If one finds salvation at this stage, the succeeding stages become easy for him. And if he does not find salvation at this stage, what follows this stage is very hard upon him. I have never seen a site more horrible than that of the grave.”
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 5352 (part) Narrated by Abu Sa'id
The Prophet (saws) said: "The grave is one of the gardens of
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 5352 Narrated by Abu Sa'id
The Prophet (saws) said: “A day does
not come to the grave without its saying, 'I am the house of exile, I am the
house of solitude, I am the house of dust, I am the house of worms.' When a
believer dies the grave says to him,
‘Welcome and greeting;
you are indeed the dearest to me of those who walk upon me. I have been given charge of you
today. You have come to
me, and you will see how I shall
treat you (with dignity and honor).’ It will then expand for him as far
as the eye can see and a door to
Regarding the punishment of the grave.
Sahih Muslim Hadith 6859 (part) Narrated by Zayd ibn Thabit
The Prophet (saws) said: “The people who invoke others with Allah, are passing through the ordeal in the graves. If it were not for the fact that you would stop burying your dead in the graves, I would have certainly made you hear the sound of the torment in the graves, which I hear.”
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 4735 Narrated by Al-Bara' ibn Azib
The Prophet (saws) said: “When a believer is buried in the
grave two angels will come to him (Munkar and Nakir, both have dark faces and blue
eyes), make him sit up, and ask : ‘Who is your Lord?’ He will reply: ‘My Lord is Allah.’ They will ask him: ‘What is your
religion?’ He will
reply: ‘My religion is
Islam.’ They will ask
him: ‘What is your opinion
about the man who was sent on a mission among you?’ He will reply: ‘He is the Messenger of Allah
(peace be upon him).’
They will ask: ‘ Who made you aware of this?’ He will reply: ‘I read Allah's Book, believed
in it, and considered it true.’
Then a crier will call from Heaven:
‘My servant has spoken the truth. So spread a bed for him from
Paradise, clothe him from
Paradise, and open a door for him
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 1.19b
Bukhari and Muslim report from Ibn Abbas that the Prophet (saws) passed by two graves and said, "Both of them are being tortured in their graves, and they are not being tortured for a major sin. This one used not to save himself from being soiled with his urine, and the other used to slander (among the people to rouse hostilities, e.g., one goes to a person and tells him that so-and-so says about him such-and-such evil things).”
Regarding the making the graves a place of worship and invocation:
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.472 Narrated by Aisha
The Prophet (saws) said: "Allah cursed the Jews and the Christians, for they built the places of worship at the graves of their prophets”
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 1.426 Narrated by Aisha
The Prophet (saws) said, "If any righteous pious man dies amongst them (Jews and Christians), they would build a place of worship at his grave and make pictures in it; they are the worst creatures in the sight of Allah."
Al-Muwatta Hadith 9.88
Yahya related from Malik from Zayd ibn Aslam from Ata ibn Yasar that the the Prophet (saws) said, "O Allah! Do not make my grave an idol that is worshipped. The anger of Allah on those who took the graves of their Prophets as places of prostration was terrible."
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.379 Narrated by Ibn Umar
The Prophet (saws) said, "The deceased is tortured in his grave for the wailing done over him (by his relatives and friends)."
Your Question: as one of my friend said there is nothing as azabe-kabr and that such thing goes against quran and there is no authentic hadith related to azabe-kabr.
could u kindly narrate a few if there are any.
’Azaab-e-Qabr’ or ‘the torture in the graves’ is from amongst the knowledge of the ‘unseen’; and for any knowledge of the ‘unseen’ our only relevant and authentic sources has to be from what Allah Subhanah has Declared in His Glorious Quran and from the authentic narrations of the Messenger of Allah (saws).
From amongst the various authentic narrations of the Messenger of Allah (saws) regarding the ‘azaab-e-qabr’, almost all of the above quoted hadiths refer to the concept of the impending ‘torture in the graves’.
There are several and explicit references to the punishment of the period between one’s death and the Final Day of Resurrection all over the Quran. Although most of the references of the punishment of the graves are declared by the Messenger of Allah (saws) in the authentic narrations, there are a several references in the Quran regarding the severe punishment of the evil-doers in the period between their death and the Day of Resurrection.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 40 Surah Mumin verses 45-46:
45 At last, Allah saved the believer from all those evil plots that the people devised against him, and the companions of Pharaoh themselves were encompassed by the horrible scourge.
46 It is the Fire of Hell before which they are presented morning and evening. And when the Hour of Resurrection comes, it will be commanded: “Admit the People of Pharaoh to the severest torment.”
In the above Aayah of Surah Mumin it is absolutely clear that the Fire of Hell that is presented to the People of Pharaoh morning and evening is from amongst the punishment between their death and the Day of Resurrection, and it is only on the Day of Resurrection when it will be commanded that Pharaoh and his people be admitted to the ‘Severest Torment’ of the Eternal and Everlasting Hell Fire.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 8 Surah Anfaal verses 49-51:
49 Lo! The hypocrites say and those in whose hearts is a disease: "these people--their religion has misled them." But if any trust in Allah, behold! Allah is Exalted in Might, Wise.
50 If thou couldst (only) see when the Angels take the souls of the unbelievers (at death), (how) they smite their faces and their backs (saying): "Taste the penalty of the blazing fire.
51 because of (the deeds) which your (own) hands sent forth: for Allah is never unjust to His servants:
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 47 Surah Muhammad verses 25-28:
25 Those who turn back as apostates after Guidance was clearly shown to them, the Shaytaan has instigated them and buoyed them up with false hopes.
26 This because they said to those who hate what Allah has Revealed "We will obey you in part of (this) matter"; but Allah knows their (inner) secrets.
27 But how (will it be) when the Angels take their souls at death, and smite their faces and their backs?
28 This because they followed that which called forth the Wrath of Allah, and they hated Allah's good pleasure; so He made their deeds of no effect.
In the above Aayahs of Surah Anfaal and Surah Muhammad, it is clearly declared that the Angels of Allah punish the disbelievers immediately after taking their souls at their times of death. This is again proof that the punishment between one’s death and the Day of Resurrection warned by the Messenger of Allah (saws) is absolutely in accordance with the guidance of the Glorious Quran.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,