If he misses a rak‘ah of Eid prayer or the prayer for rain, how should he offer the prayer?

Dear Brothers & Sisters,
As-Salaamu-Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

What should a person do if he misses part of the prayer for rain or Eid prayer, such as one who joins the second rak‘ah, or who misses bowing and prostration in these prayers?

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)
Check below answers in case you are looking for other related questions:

Answer:

Praise be to Allah

The correct scholarly view is that whatever the one who joins the prayer late catches up with with the imam is the beginning of his prayer, and whatever he does on his own is the end of his prayer. This is the view of ash-Shaafa‘i (may Allah have mercy on him), and was narrated in one report from Ahmad (may Allah have mercy on him). See: al-Majmoo‘ by an-Nawawi (4/420). 

The proof for that is the words of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him): “When the iqaamah for prayer is given, do not come rushing. Rather come walking, in a tranquil manner; whatever you catch up with, pray, and whatever you miss, complete it.”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (636) and Muslim (602). 

What this means is that what the one who joins the prayer late catches up with with the imam is the beginning of his prayer. 

See also the answer to question no. 49037

There is no differentiation in this regard between the obligatory prayers, the Eid prayer, prayer for rain or any other prayer. If the one who is praying behind the imam catches up with a rak‘ah of Eid prayer, then that is the beginning of the prayer in his case; then he should get up after the imam says the salaam and do the second rak‘ah, saying takbeer five times at the beginning of it, because it is the second rak‘ah in his case. 

If he catches up with a rak‘ah of the prayer for rain, he should also stand up and do another rak‘ah, saying takbeer five times  at the beginning of it, because it is the second rak‘ah in his case. 

If he catches up with the prostration in the second rak‘ah, or he catches up with the final tashahhud, he should get up and do two rak‘ahs, saying takbeer seven or six times in the first rak‘ah, after the opening takbeer, and five times in the second rak‘ah after the takbeer of standing. 

And Allah knows best.

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah's Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

Related Answers:

Recommended answers for you:


Don't miss out to watch Islamhelpline sponsored Islamic Kids Competition

Click here for all videos