Complete what you forgot if the time is short

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As-Salaamu-Alaikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
I prayed Zuhr, and after that I remembered that I had only prayed three rak’ahs. Should I pray the fourth and do sujood al-sahw (prostration of forgetfulness), or should I repeat the whole prayer?
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Praise be to Allaah.

When a worshipper omits one or more rak’ahs of his prayer, then he remembers when he is still in the place where he prayed or in the mosque, and only a short time has elapsed, such as five minutes, then he should complete the prayer by doing what he omitted, then he should say the salaam and do the prostration of forgetfulness, then say the salaam again. But if he does not remember until after a long time has passed, such as half an hour, or a long time after leaving the mosque, then he should repeat the entire prayer and consider the first invalid, because there was no continuity between the rak’ahs.

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah's Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

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