Meaning of the name Rakib/Raqeeb

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Please could you tell me what my name RAKIB means?.
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Praise be to Allaah.

Al-Raqeeb is one of the beautiful names of Allaah. 

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): 

“Surely, Allaah is Ever an All‑Watcher [Raqeeb] over you”

[al-Nisa’ 4:1]

“And Allaah is Ever a Watcher [Raqeeb] over all things”

[al-Ahzaab 33:52]

and Allaah tells us that His Prophet ‘Eesa (peace be upon him) said (interpretation of the meaning):

“but when You took me up, You were the Watcher over them; and You are a Witness to all things”

[al-Maa’idah 5:117]. 

The meaning of the word al-Raqeeb is the Watcher, the One who sees the actions of His slaves, from Whom nothing is hidden. Also included in the meaning of the name al-Raqeeb is the Controller Who runs the affairs of creation in the best possible manner. 

Al-Khaazin said in Lubaab al-Ta’weel (1/473) concerning the meaning of the verse “Surely, Allaah is Ever an All‑Watcher [Raqeeb] over you”[al-Nisa’ 4:1]: 

The name al-Raqeeb, when referring to Allaah, means: He is the one Who is not inattentive to that which He has created in such a way that would lead to it becoming imperfect and faulty. And it was said that He is al-Haafiz from whom nothing is hidden with regard to His creation. And he explained the verse “Surely, Allaah is Ever an All‑Watcher [Raqeeb] over you”[al-Nisa’ 4:1] as meaning that He knows that which is secret and yet more hidden. As that is the case, He is deserving of being feared and obeyed. End quote. 

Al-Aloosi said in Rooh al-Ma’aani (4/209): 

He looks at your hearts and sees what is in them. End quote. 

It says in al-Tahreer wa’l-Tanweer (13/150), commenting on the verse in which Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Is then He (Allaah) Who takes charge (guards, maintains, provides) of every person and knows all that he has earned (like any other deities who know nothing)?” [al-Ra’d 13:33]:

The one who takes charge of a thing is al-Raqeeb, which includes protecting, preserving and maintaining. End quote. 

It says in Lisaan al-‘Arab (1/424) under the heading raqiba:

One of the names of Allaah, may He be exalted, is al-Raqeeb, which means the One Who watches over all things, from whom nothing is hidden. End quote. 

Ibn Jareer said concerning the verse “And Allaah is Ever a Watcher [Raqeeb] over all things”[al-Ahzaab 33:52]:

Allaah is the One Who watches over all things, meaning that which He has permitted to you and has forbidden to you and all other things; none of that is hidden from Him and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving all of that. End quote. 

Tafseer al-Tabari (20/304). 

Al-Sa’di said: 

i.e., He is watching over all things, He knows how they will end and He is controlling them in the most perfect, best and wisest of ways. End quote. 

Tafseer al-Sa’di (p. 670). 


With regard to your name Rakib (Raqeeb), the meaning is not much different from the meaning mentioned above, except that it is in the sense that is befitting to a human being. 

So what it means is the one who watches over or supervises things. That includes raqeeb al-jaysh (sergeant) who guards and protects, and raqeeb al-qawm who guards the people. 

See: Lisaan al-‘Arab (1/424); al-Sihaah (1/264); Maqaayees al-Lughah (2/353); al-Qamoos al-Muheet (116); Taaj al-‘Aroos (533); al-Mukhassas (3/155), under the heading raqiba. 

If a person understands the good meaning of his name, then he should strive to acquire characteristics indicated by this meaning. Usually every person has a share of his name. See the words of Ibn al-Qayyim concerning that in the answer to question number 14622

And Allaah knows best.

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah's Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

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