What if one misses prayers
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Thank you first of all for taking the time to answer all the questions asked about Islam, it is very helpful. I have a question regarding Namaz. If you miss your Fajr prayer can you still do your Namaz after the prescribed time i.e. if the correct time is and you have until to do it but you forgot can you still pray after but before the Zuhr prayer? Also if you miss your Asr prayer which is for example at and the Isha prayer is at can you still pray your Asr Namaz just before the Isha prayer?
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What if one misses prayers
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad(saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Unless it is a life and death situation, or something that is beyond ones control like oversleeping, etc. one is not allowed to miss any of their fard or obligatory prayers. If one regular misses a fard prayer without a valid reason, it is a huge sin in Islam. The prayers are a duty prescribed by Allah that must be prayed on time.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisaa verse 103:
Indeed the Salaat is a prescribed duty that should be performed by the believers at appointed times.
Q-1: If you miss your Fajr prayer can you still do your Namaz after the prescribed time i.e. if the correct time is and you have until to do it but you forgot can you still pray after but before the Zuhr prayer?
Abu Qatadah related that sleeping through the prayer time was mentioned to the Prophet (saws), and he said, "There is no negligence in sleep, but negligence occurs while one is awake. If one of you forgets a prayer or sleeps through its time, then he should pray it when he remembers it."
Recorded by an-Nasa'i and at-Tirmidhi,
Anas related that the Prophet (saws), said, "Whoever forgets a prayer should pray it when he remembers it, and there is no expiation for it save that." Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
Reported 'Imran ibn Husain, "We went with the Messenger of Allah during the night. When the last portion of the night came, we became tired and fell asleep. We did not wake until we felt the heat of the sun. Some of us tried hurriedly to purify ourselves. The Prophet ordered us to be calm. Then we rode on until the sun had risen, and we made ablution. He ordered Bilal to make the call to prayer, and then prayed two rak'ah before the (obligatory) morning prayer. Then we stood and prayed.
In light of the above traditions, if one forgets or oversleeps the time for fajr prayer, he should pray when he remembers it (making sure that the sun has completely risen).
Q-2: Also if you miss your Asr prayer which is for example at and the Isha prayer is at can you still pray your Asr Namaz just before the Isha prayer?
Again, if one misses the Asr prayer, he should pray as soon as he remembers it. If one remembers the missed Asr prayer, just before the Isha prayer, then he should pray the Asr prayers, then the Magrib prayers (if he has not prayed it), and then the Isha prayers. One should always pray in the sequence of the prayers.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your Brother in Islam,