Iqama before prayer.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Assalam Alaikum Brother Burhan,
is it necessary to give iqama before prayer (salah) for women?
Thank you for your urgent reply.
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Iqama before prayer
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
The Messenger of Allah (saws) always prayed his fard or obligatory prayers in congregation, thus the Adhaan was announced by the caller to prayer, and after the appointed time when the believers had gathered in the mosques, the Iqaamah was announced, and the believers would stand in the rows and make themselves available for prayers. Thus the absolute majority of the scholars are unanimous in their opinion that it is obligatory to announce the adhaan and the iqama when praying in congregation.
The main reason and wisdom behind the declaration of the adhaan aloud is to make aware to the believers that the time of offering the prayer has begun. If one is praying alone at home, it is not obligatory for him to give the adhaan or the iqaamah before one starts ones prayer. If one has heard the adhaan being called from the mosques, or if one is sure the time of prayer has approached, they may simply make the intention and start their prayer. But if one praying alone, for any reason declares the adhaan or the iqaamah, there is absolutely no harm and will not effect the validity of his prayers in any way.
But whenever there are two or more believers, regardless if men or women, gathered at any place and they intend to offer their prayers in congregation; then it would be best and in accordance with the Sunnah if they announce the adhaan, then the iqaamah, and then start their prayer in congregation.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,