The fard sunnah acts of prayer.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Brother, I really appreciate your efforts for answering various queries on various topics.
Question: What are the Different Fard, Wajib, Sunnat and Nafil actions (or arkaans) in Namaaz. Ex: Rukoo is Fard or Wajib, Tashaddud is Sunnat or Fard.
(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)
The fard sunnah acts of prayer
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Respected brother in Islam, the Messenger of Allah (saws) did not exactly list which acts or rites of prayer are fard, or wajib, or optional..it is through the study of the Sunnah and the practice of the Messenger of Allah (saws), and in light of the weight the Prophet (saws) gave to each rite whereby the scholars and jurists in Islam have determined which amongst the main rites of prayer are obligatory and which amongst them are optional.
- Purity from major or ceremonial impurities (Pre-condition and thus fard)
- Wudu (Pre-condition and thus fard)
- Intention or Neeyah (Fard)
- Facing the Qibla (Fard)
- TAKBIR (Fard)
- Qiyam or Standing (Fard)
- Recitation of Surah Al-Fatihah in each rakah (Fard)
- Recitation of another Surah (or verses) after Al-Fatihah (Wajib)
- Ruku or bowing (Fard)
- Standing from Ruku (Wajib)
- Sajdah (Fard)
- The sitting between two sajdahs (Wajib)
- First sitting for small tashahud (Wajib)
- Second tashahud (Fard)
- Tasleem to signal the end of prayer (Fard)
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,