Urifi misyar muta marriage.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Dear Sheikh Burhan,
Could you please clarify and elaborate if it is allowed to marry through the following ways
Marriage by MUT'A . What is the Islamic rules and teaching on this style of marriage.
Marriage by URFI. What is the Islamic rules and teaching on this style of marriage.
Marriage by MASYAAL, just started in KSA. What is the Islamic rules and teaching on this style of marriage.
Jazakumullah kulla alkheir.
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Urifi misyar muta marriage
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Ref: Muta marriage
Muta was a term used for a form of temporary marriage prevalent in the Days of Ignorance before Islam, where a man would temporarily contract a woman for a fixed period, fulfil his lust with her, and divorce her at the end of the agreed period without any responsibility towards the woman whatsoever. This mutually agreed period would be at an agreed and negotiated price between the man and the woman, for a fixed period of time which could be for a couple of hours, or days, or weeks, etc. as negotiated.
The society in the Days of Ignorance before Islam had tried to give a legal veil to the abomination of zina and prostitution by various means, and the muta was one of such veils! Islam removed all such veils from the abomination of zina and declared that the only legal way for a man and woman to enjoy conjugal relationships was for the man and woman to be legally wedded to each other in the nikaah contract, where the man would shoulder the responsibility of a proper marriage. One should note here that it was not Islam who started or initiated this evil concept of muta, but it was a system prevailent in the days of ignorance before Islam. Allah and His Messenger (saws) completely and absolutely abolished and forbade this evil concept of muta for those who sincerely believed in Allah and the Last Day.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 5.527 Narrated by Ali bin Abi Talib
On the day of Khaibar, Allah's Messenger (saws) forbade the Mut'a (i.e. temporary marriage), and the eating of donkey-meat.
If any fair-minded person just looks at the system of muta, one would conclude that it is nothing but a manifestation of the abomination of prostitution and nothing else! Which righteous parent or guardian would allow his daughter or sister to temporarily have sex with a man in exchange for a material reward?
Prostitution is described as an act where a woman temporarily engages in sexual activity with a man in return for a negotiated fee. If one asks oneself what is the difference between prostitution and muta, one would find it extremely difficult to differentiate the two terms!
The concept of muta was and is a shallow attempt of what we recognize today as prostitution; and absolutely all forms of zina and prostitution are forbidden in the deen of Truth called Al-Islam. The believers who sincerely fear Allah and the Last Day must recognize and abstain from this and all forms of indecency and fahisha, and fulfill their needs only through the legal channel and sacred concept of Islamic nikaah.
Allah is our witness, anyone who performs muta will be guilty of the grave sin and evil abomination of zina in the sight of Allah Subhanah on the Inevitable Day of Resurrection!
Ref: urfi marriage
The literal meaning of an urfi marriage is when all the conditions of a lawful nikaah between a couple are scrupulously honored, but the nikaah itself is not registered with a government agency or the law of the land.
Registering ones marriage with a government agency or the law of the land is definitely not a legal requirement in Shariah; but one is well within their rights to do so as it might help in protecting their lawful rights.
Regardless of whether one chooses to register their marriage with a government agency or not, provided all the obligatory conditions of a nikaah were fulfilled, the marriage itself will remain legal, valid, and lawful in the Sight of Shariah Law and of Allah Subhanah.
Ref: Misyaar marriage
The truth is that there is absolutely no mention of misyaar marriage in either the Quran, the authentic and established Sunnah, or even in any book of Islamic Fiqh or Jurisprudence.
Misyaar is a term culturally used amongst the Arabs for a marriage whereby a woman who wishes to become the 2nd, or 3rd, or 4th wife of the man, but as the man fears that he may not be able to afford her financially or accord her equal time, the woman of her own free will relinquishes her right that her husband spend on her or spend equal time with her like he does to his other wife/wives. For some reason, a marriage where the woman of her own free will relinquishes her right that her husband spend on her or spend equal time with her is culturally recognized as a misyaar marriage.
Even in a normal marriage, a woman is well within her rights if she, of her own free will and without any coercion wishes to relinquish her rights; but for some reason such a marriage where a woman relinquishes her legal and lawful rights is culturally known as a misyaar marriage; although we reiterate again that misyaar is neither an Islamic term nor is there any mention of such a term in any of the books of Fiqh or Islamic Law.
Some ignorant people assume misyaar marriage is a license to perform a secret marriage but that is an absolutely false notion and categorically discouraged by the Messenger of Allah (saws) who guided the believers to publicly announce their marriage in the society they live in by holding a walima or wedding feast.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,