Prayer in travel journey.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Im a Software Engineer working in bangalore but my native place is in Mysore.So every weekend I travel to my native place in train which takes about 3 hours.In the mean time I will miss atleast one time prayer.As you know there will not be enough space in Trains to perform prayers.If I travel in Bus it will be even worst.What should I do, should I not travel to mysore at all to see my parents.Im in a dilemma whether to go to mysore every week or not..........please reply..................awaiting for your reply....
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Prayer in travel journey
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisaa verse 103:
Indeed the Salaat is a prescribed duty that should be performed by the believers at (their) appointed times.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 4.636 Narrated by Abu Dhaar
The Prophet (saws) said: "Wherever the time for the prayer comes upon you, perform the prayer,
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 1.393 Narrated by Jabir
Allah's Messenger (saws) used to pray (optional, non-obligatory prayer) while riding on his mount (his camel, Rahila) wherever it turned; and whenever he (saws) wanted to pray the obligatory (fard) prayer, he (saws) dismounted and prayed facing the Qibla.
If one is traveling in a public vehicle like a plane, or a train, etc. and one fears that one might miss the time to fulfill their obligatory prayer before they reach their destination, the absolute majority of the scholars and jurists in Islam are of the opinion that one has to offer even ones obligatory prayers while seated in their vehicle. In such situations, the otherwise obligatory condition of standing and turning ones face towards the direction of the qibla for prayer would not be applicable..it is expected that their worship will be acceptable to their Lord Most Gracious.
If one is in control of ones vehicle, or if one can possibly request the driver of the vehicle to stop for a few minutes so that one may offer their prayers..then it would definitely be preferred that one dismount from ones vehicle and fulfill their obligatory prayer unto their Lord. But if one is not in control of ones vehicle (like a plane, or a train, or a bus, etc.), and one fears that one would miss ones prayer on time, there is no harm if one offers ones prayer in their seated position in their vehicle.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,