Hadith of oath vow miser.
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Assalamualaikum Dear brother,
Hope you are doing well. I need your help. Pls explain to me the meaning and context of the following hadiths and also let me know in what circumstances they were told and its usage/relevance in today's world, .
Sahih Bukhari :: Book 8 :: Volume 77 :: Hadith 605
Narrated Ibn 'Umar:
The Prophet forbade vowing and said, "In fact, vowing does not prevent anything, but it makes a miser to spend his property."
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Hadith of oath vow miser
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
The vow that perhaps some people make with Allah that if so and so thing is done I will do so and so is what is known as a nadhar (vow) in Fiqh or Jurisprudence terminology. The Messenger of Allah (saws) discouraged the believers from making such nadhar or vows, for the truth is that the vow itself has absolutely no bearing on what has already been Decreed and Determined by Allah Subhanah!
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 8.685 Narrated by Abu Huraira
The Prophet (saws) said, "Allah, The High and Exalted, Says, 'The nadhar (vow) does not bring about for the son of Adam anything I have not Decreed for him, but his nadhar (vow) may coincide with what has been decided for him, and by this way I cause a miser to spend of his wealth. So he gives Me (spends in charity) for the fulfillment of what has been Decreed for him what he would not give Me before but for his vow!"
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 8.683 Narrated by Said bin Al Harith
that he heard Ibn 'Umar saying, "Weren't people forbidden to make nadhar (vows)?" The Prophet (saws) said, 'A nadhar (vow) neither hastens nor delays anything, but by the making of vows, some of the wealth of a miser is taken out."
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 8.684 Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar
The Prophet discouraged the making of nadhar (vows) and said, "It (a vow) does not prevent anything (that has to take place), but (through the vow) the property of a miser is spent (taken out) with it."
Some people have a habit that they are reluctant to do a good deed or spend some of their wealth in the Cause of Allah, without putting a condition with their Lord that only if He gives them such and such a thing, they will do such and such a good deed! The truth is that their nadhar or the conditions one prescribes in their nadhar do not help in expediting or bringing about what their heart desires, for only that will happen to them what has been already Decreed and Determined by Allah Subhanah for them!
A better way than making a nadhar or vow, is to do whatever good deeds one wills and beg and implore their Lord in all humility and hope, to bestow upon them whatever their hearts desires.
Having said that making a nadhar or a vow is discouraged in Islam and one should not make conditions with their Lord in their supplications, Allah Subhanah in His Glorious Quran has appreciated and praised those believers who fulfill their nadhars or vows that they have made with their Lord!
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 76 Surah Dhahr verses 5-12:
5 As to the Righteous they shall drink of a Cup (of Wine) mixed with Kafur
6 A Fountain where the Devotees of Allah do drink, making it flow in unstinted abundance.
7 They perform (or fulfill their) nazar (vows) and they fear a Day whose evil flies far and wide.
8 And they feed for the love of Allah, the indigent, the orphan, and the captive
9 (saying): "We feed you for the sake of Allah alone: No reward do we desire from you nor thanks.
10 We only fear a Day of distressful Wrath from the side of our Lord."
11 But Allah will deliver them from the evil of that Day and will shed over them a light of Beauty and a (Blissful) Joy.
12 And because they were patient and constant, He will reward them with a Garden and (garments of) silk.
If one has already made a vow unto their Lord to fast, or spend in charity, or offer nawafil prayers, or do a good deed when their hearts desire is fulfilled, then it would be best for that person to now fulfill their vow they made unto their Lord; it is expected that they will have their full reward with their Lord for keeping their promises made unto Him.
But in the future, one should abstain from putting conditions or making a nadhar or vow with their Lord when one desires a thing.but rather remain constant in doing good deeds and whenever ones heart desires anything, one should implore and beg their Lord in supplications with absolute and total awe, humility, and hope.for the Lord responds to each and every supplication made by His believing slaves.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 186:
And if My servants ask you, O Prophet, concerning Me, tell them that I am quite near to them. I hear and answer the prayer of the suppliant, when he calls on Me. So let them respond to My call and believe in Me. (Convey this to them), perhaps they may be guided aright!
Abu Hurairah reported, "The Prophet (saws) said, "Nothing is more dear to Allah than one's supplication to Him.''
Narrated by Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah.
Salman reported that the Prophet (saws), said, "Your Lord, the Blessed and the Exalted One, is Modest and Generous, and He loathes to turn away His servant empty-handed when he raises his hands to Him in supplication."
Narrated by Ahmad and Ibn Hibban.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,