Sunnah of eating drinking dressing etc.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Assalaamualaikum dear brother,
Praises be to Allah, and thank Allah for guiding people to righteous path through you, may Allah reward with the best for our duas are always there for you, I would request to know the correct sunnah way of eating, sleeping, nature calls (going to toilet 1's& 2's), nail cutting, oiling, dinking water and dressing, as this is our day to day life, I would love to implement each and every correct sunnah in my life, kindly give all the reference from Quran and Hadith.
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Sunnah of eating drinking dressing etc
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Ref: Eating and Drinking
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 7.288 Narrated by Umar bin Abi Salama
I was a boy under the care of Allah's Messenger (saws) and my hand used to go around the dish while I was eating. So Allah's Messenger (saws) said to me: O boy! Mention the Name of Allah and eat with your right hand, and eat of the dish what is nearer to you." Since then I have applied those instructions when eating.
Sahih Muslim Hadith 5008 Narrated by Abdullah ibn Umar
Allah's Messenger (saws) said: When any one of you intends to eat, he should eat with his right hand, and when one (intends) to drink he should drink with his right hand, for the Shaytaan eats with his left hand and drinks with his left hand.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 8.326 Narrated by Hudhaifa
When the Prophet (saws) retired to bed at night, he (saws) would put his hand under his (right) cheek and then say, "Allahumma bismika amutu wa ahya (O Allah, by Your Name I die and I live)" and when he (saws) got up (from sleep), he (saws) would say, "Al-Hamdu lil-lahi al-ladhi ahyana ba'da ma amatana, wa ilaihi an-nushur (Praise be to Allah Who gave us life after death, and to Him is the return."
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 5027 Narrated by Hafsah, Ummul Mu'minin
When the Messenger of Allah (saws) retired to go to sleep, he (saws) would put his right hand under his cheek and would then say three times: O Allah, guard me from Thy punishment on the Day when Thou raises up Thy servants.
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 4718 Narrated by Abu Hurayrah
When Allah's Messenger (saws) saw a man lying on his stomach he said, "This is a method of lying down which Allah does not like."
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 4731 Narrated by Abu Dharr
The Prophet (saws) came upon him when he was lying on his stomach, jerked him with his foot and said, "Jundub, only those who go to Hell (the Shayateen) lie like this!"
Other than sleeping on ones stomach, one may sleep in any posture one wills. The normal posture of the Messenger (saws) when he retired to bed was to sleep on his right side with his right hand under his cheek.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 4.119
Topic: Supplications at Bed-Time
Hudhaifah and Abu Dharr reported that when the Prophet (saws) retired to bed, he (saws) would say, "O Allah, Lord of the heavens, the earth, and the Mighty Throne, our Lord and the Lord of everything, Who causes the seed to grow and the date-stone to split and sprout, Who sent down the Taurah, the Injeel, and the Qur'an, I seek refuge in You from the evil of all evil-mongers under Your Control. You are the First and there is nothing before You, and You are the Last, and there is nothing after You. You are the Evident and there is nothing beyond You, and You are the Source and there is no power beside You. Relieve us of our debt and poverty."
Related by Bukhari.
It is also reported that the Messenger of Allah (saws) would also pray "Praise be to Allah Who has fed us and given us to drink, met all our needs, and given us refuge, while there are many who have neither anyone to meet their needs nor anyone to provide them with a refuge." And every night when he (saws) retired to bed he (saws) would hold out his hands together imploringly and blow over them after reciting Surah Al-Ikhlas, Surah Al-Falaq, and Surah An-Nas, and then rub his hands over whichever parts of his body he was able to rub, starting with his head, face, and front of his body. He used to do that three times.
The Prophet (saws) instructed his companions that when they go to bed they should supplicate, "In Your Name, O Lord, I lay me down to sleep. And by Your leave I raise myself up. So if You take away my soul during sleep, forgive it, and if You keep it alive after sleep protect it just as You protect Your pious servants."
The Prophet (saws) advised his daughter, Fatimah, "Say Subhan-Allah thirty three times, Al-hamdu-lillah thirty three times, and Allahu Akbar thirty four times." He (saws) also commended the recitation of the Ayatal-Kursi, (Al-Baqarah 255) along with the above supplications, and said that he who does so will be under the protection of Allah, Who will assign a protector to protect him.
The Prophet (saws) said to Bara, "When you go to bed make wudu as you do for the regular prayer, and then lie down on your right side and say, ' O Allah, I surrender my soul to You, and I tum my face toward You, and I trust my affairs to Your care. I turn to You in fear and hope. There is no refuge nor any protection against You except in You. I believe in Your Book which You have revealed to Your Prophet whom You sent'." Then he (saws) added, "If you die, you will die in your true nature, and these words will be your last words."
Ref: nature calls (going to toilet 1's& 2's)
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 1.146 Narrated by Abu Aiyub Al Ansari
Allah's Messenger (saws) said, "If anyone of you goes to answer the call of nature he should neither face nor turn his back towards the Qibla (when relieving himself).
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 1.17a
Anas reported that when the Messenger of Allah (saws) entered the privy to relieve himself, he (saws) would say, "In the name of Allah. O Allah! I seek refuge in You from male and female noxious beings (the Shayateen)."
This is related by Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi.
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 359 Narrated by Aisha
When Allah's Messenger (saws) came out from the privy, he said: (I seek) forgiveness from Thee, O Allah.
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 374 Narrated by Anas ibn Malik
When Allah's Messenger (saws) came out from the privy, he said: Praise be to Allah Who has removed injurious things from me, and kept me in health.
It is reported that the Messenger of Allah (saws) would say upon exiting the toilets: O Allah, make me amongst those who constantly turn in repentance to You, and amongst those who keep themselves pure and clean.
Ref: nail cutting
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 7.779 Narrated by Abu Huraira
I heard the Prophet (saws) saying. "Five practices are characteristics of the Fitra (nature): removing the pubic hair, clipping the nails, depilating the hair of the armpits; and circumcision and cutting the moustaches short (for the males)
Anas ibn Malik (r.a.) reported "The time period for us to trim the moustache, clip the nails, pluck out the underarm hairs and cut the pubic hairs was (once in at least) forty nights."
Related by Ahmad and Abu Dawud.
Abu Hurairah reported the Prophet (saws) as saying, "Whoever has hair should honor it."
Related by Abu Dawud.
Said 'Ata ibn Yasar, "A man came to the Prophet (saws) with unkempt hair and an untidy beard. The Prophet (saws) pointed to him, as if ordering him to straighten his hair and beard. He did so and returned. Thereupon the Prophet (saws) observed, 'Is that not better than one of you coming with his hair unkempt, as if he were a devil?"' Related by Malik.
Abu Qatadah related that he had a great amount of hair. He asked the Prophet (saws), "O Messenger of Allah (saws), I have lots of hair. Should I comb it?" He (saws) answered, "Yes ... and honor it." Abu Qatadah said he would oil his hair twice a day due to the Prophet's (saws) words, "... and honor it."
Allah and His Messenger (saws) have neither specified nor limited the believers to a particular Islamic dress, but rather gave some conditions which the dress one adorns himself/herself with must be fulfilled:
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 7 Surah Aaraaf verse 26:
26 O ye children of Adam! We have bestowed clothing upon you to cover your shame as well as to be an adornment to you; but the clothing of taqwa (piety, righteousness, etc.) that is the best. Such are among the Signs of Allah that they may receive admonition!
Provided that the below five conditions of apparel are not violated, there is absolutely no restriction on the type or color of clothing the believers are allowed to wear in Islam:
- Clothes worn should not announce arrogance.
- The satr of the person (man or woman) must be covered.
- The clothes worn must not be tight so as to display ones figure and curves, and should not be transparent.
- The clothes worn must not be an imitation of the pagans or disbelievers.
- Men should not imitate women in their clothing; nor should women imitate men in their clothing.
Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri reported that when the Prophet (saws) got a new piece of garment, whether a turban or a shirt or a cloak, he (saws) would say, "O Allah! All praise and thanks be to You. You have given me this garment. I seek from You its good and the good that is made of it, and I seek Your refuge against its evil and the evil that it is made of."
Related by Abu Daw'ud and Tirmidhi.
Hadrat Umar reported that he heard the Prophet (saws) say "If anyone wears some new clothing and says, All praise and thanks be to Allah Who clothed me to cover my nakedness, and made it a means of adornment for me,' and then takes his old garment and gives it in charity, will be under the protection of Allah and will be treated as if striving in the Cause of Allah, in life and after his death."
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,