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Worship in ten days of dhul hajja.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

ASSALAM-O-ALAIKUM

Brother Burhan, May ALLAH bless with his mercy for ur wonderfull work on ur website.

BROTHER Before i asked many questions to scholars on many sites till now i didnt got the reply.

i was quite surprised when i got reply to my question same day from u, its great brother.

brother as we are approaching towards the month of dhul haj.

i request you to send me complete details of doing ibadah during these 10 days of dhul haj.


what are the Dos and Donts if one is sacrifing animal. then what are the difference if one sacrifice sheep or give a share in cow. then cutting of hair and nails who intend to give qurbani. then fasting days during these month and its benifits. then any special duwas or salah or any kind of ibadah during these 10 days .

i request you to send me in one email all these info at the earliest brother.

Insha-ALLAH hope u will send me soon.


takecare my lovely muslim brother , ALLAH bless u and ur family with peace ,

prosperity, happiness.

 

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

 

Answer:

 

Worship in ten days of dhul hajja

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

May Allah Subhanah reward you with the best of this world and the Hereafter for your kind comments of encouragement for our humble efforts in the propagation of the Truth. If our humble and modest efforts have helped even one brother or sister get closer to Allah and His Deen of Truth, then we would consider ourselves indeed fortunate to have been given this opportunity by the Lord Most Merciful to serve in His Cause. We hope, beg, and pray the Merciful Lord accepts our humble and weak efforts, forgives us our shortcomings, and saves you, us, and all the believers from the torment of the Hell Fire. Ameen.

 

Your Question: what are the Dos and Donts if one is sacrifing animal.

Beloved brother in Islam, sacrifice is only obligatory upon a believer when one is himself/herself on the pilgrimage of Hajj. For all the other believers who are not themselves on the Hajj pilgrimage, the sacrifice or qurbani on the Day of Adha is a preferred Sunnah, and thus voluntary and supererogatory.

 

If one who is not on the pilgrimage of Hajj offers a sacrifice on the Day of Adha, he/she will receive a huge reward for their worship from their Lord Most Gracious; and if for any reason one does not offer a sacrifice, there is absolutely no obligation or sin upon them. The most that can be said of one who is not a pilgrim and does not offer a sacrifice on the Day of Adha is that he/she missed a great opportunity to earn huge rewards from Allah Subhanah.

 

The only condition for one who is not a pilgrim and wishes to fulfill the Sunnah and offer a voluntary sacrifice on the Day of Adha is that he/she should purchase the animal with their halaal and lawfully earned wealth; other than that there is absolutely no conditions for one who is not a pilgrim and wishes to offer a sacrifice on the blessed Day of Adha.

 

Sahih Muslim Hadith 4836 Narrated by Jabir ibn Abdullah

Allah's Messenger (saws) said: Sacrifice only a grown-up animal, unless it is difficult for you, in which case sacrifice a ram (of even less than a year, but more than six months' age).

 

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 7.476 Narrated by Salama bin Al Aqua

The Prophet (saws) said: (Of the Sacrifice) eat of it, and feed of it to others, and store of it.

 


Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 5.115

A person offering a sacrifice may consume, without any restrictions, any amount of meat he may desire. He may likewise give away, or offer in charity any amount he may wish. Some scholars say that one may eat half, and give away the other half in charity, while others say that the meat be divided into three parts. Of these one may keep a part, distribute a part, and give in charity the third part.

 

The guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws) was to sacrifice an animal who is at least six months of age and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) was to consume a part of the sacrificial meat, distribute a part of it among his companions, and give a part of it to the poor and needy.

 

If one wishes, one may eat all or part of it, or distribute all or part of it, or give to the poor all or part of it. There is absolutely no restriction on how one should consume the sacrificial meat, but it would be best to follow the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) and eat some oneself, distribute some, and give some to the poor and needy.

 

Your Question: then what are the difference if one sacrifice sheep or give a share in cow.

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 5.110a

Topic: The minimum number of animals to be sacrificed

One may sacrifice any number of animal one chooses. Hadrat Umar (r.a.) reported that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said: Sacrifice animals for Allah loves sacrifice. The Prophet (saws) once offered one hundred camels in voluntary sacrifice for the Pleasure of Allah. The minimum number of animals a person is obligated to sacrifice is one sheep, or one-seventh portion of a camel or a cow. A camel or a cow may be sacrificed on behalf of seven people. Jabir said: "We performed Hajj with the Prophet (saws), and we slaughtered a camel for seven persons, and a cow for seven persons." This was reported by Ahmad and Muslim.

 

There is absolutely no maximum to the number of animals one may sacrifice for the Pleasure of Allah Subhanah, but the minimum is one sheep for oneself and ones family.

 

Sahih Muslim Hadith 4845 Narrated by Aisha

Allah's Messenger (saws) commanded that a ram with black legs, black belly and black (circles) round the eyes should be brought to him, so that he should sacrifice it. He (saws) said to Aisha: Give me the large knife, and then said: Sharpen it on a stone. She did that. He (saws) then took it (the knife) and then the ram; he placed it on the ground and then sacrificed it, saying: In the name of Allah, O Allah, accept (this sacrifice) on behalf of Muhammad, and the family of Muhammad, and the Ummah of Muhammad".

 

Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 2789 Narrated by Jabir ibn Abdullah

The Prophet (saws) sacrificed two horned rams which were white with black markings and had been castrated. When he made them face the qiblah, he said: I have turned my face towards Him Who created the heavens and the earth, following Abraham's religion, the true in faith, and I am not one of the polytheists. My prayer, and my service of sacrifice, my life and my death are all for Allah, the Lord of the Universe, Who has no partner. That is what I was commanded to do, and I am one of the Muslims. O Allah it comes from Thee and is given to Thee from Muhammad and his Ummah. In the name of Allah, and Allah is Most Great. He then made sacrifice.

 

If the Lord Most High has provided one with abundance, and if one wishes and pleases to offer more than one animal as sacrifice for themselves and their family, one would have their appropriate reward for their sacrifice; alternatively if one wills and pleases to offer only one animal as sacrifice for the whole family that too would suffice to fulfill the Sunnah.

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 22 Surah Hajj verses 36-37:

36 The sacrificial camels we have made for you as among the Symbols from Allah: in them is (much) good for you: then pronounce the name of Allah over them as they line up (for sacrifice): when they are down on their sides (after slaughter) eat ye thereof, and feed such as (beg not but) live in contentment, and such as beg with due humility: thus have we made animals subject to you that ye may be grateful.

37 It is not their meat nor their blood that reaches Allah: it is your piety that reaches Him: He has thus made them subject to you that ye may glorify Allah for His guidance to you: and proclaim the Good News to all who do right.

 

Your Question: then cutting of hair and nails who intend to give qurbani.

Sahih Muslim Hadith 4869 Narrated by Umm Salamah

Allah's Messenger (saws) said: When any one of you intending to sacrifice the animal enters in the month (of Dhul-Hijjah) he should not get his hair or nails touched (cut).

 

There is indeed a mention in the authentic Sunnah that one who intends to offer a sacrifice during the Eid-ul-Adha should not cut their hair or their nails from the beginning of the month of Dhul-Hijjah until the sacrifice is completed.

 

There is a difference of opinion amongst the scholars and jurist in Islam regarding the implications of this guidance. Some amongst the scholars, including Imam Ibn-Taimiyaah, are of the opinion that by the statement: When any one of you intending to sacrifice the animal enters in the month (of Dhul-Hijjah).. does not imply to all the believers in general, but implies only to those believers who wish to offer the Hajj pilgrimage, and it is they who should abstain from cutting their hair or their nails.

 

Other scholars are of the opinion that the wordings of the guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws) are absolutely clear and in their opinion any believer who, regardless of whether or not he/she is performing the Hajj pilgrimage, intends to offer a sacrifice during the Eid-al-Adha, all of them should abstain from cutting their hair and their nails from the beginning of the month of Dhul-Hijjah until the sacrifice is completed.

 

Although it would not be prudent or wise to discount or overrule the opinion of a scholar of the stature of Imam Ibn-Taimiyaah, in our humble opinion, it would be safest for all the believers who intend to offer a sacrifice during the Eid-al-Adha, regardless of whether they intend to perform the Hajj pilgrimage or not, to abstain from cutting their hair or their nails from the beginning of the month of Dhul-Hijjah until the sacrifice is completed on the Day of Eid. And Allah Alone Knows Best.

 

Your Question: then fasting days during these month and its benifits.

Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 2431

Hunaydah ibn Khalid narrated from his wife on the authority of one of the wives of the Prophet (saws) who said: The Messenger of Allah (saws) used to fast the first nine days of Dhul-Hijjah.

 

Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 2419 Narrated by Abu Qatadah

The Messenger of Allah (saws) said: The observance of three days' fast every month and of one Ramadan to the other (i.e. the fast of Ramadan every year) is (equivalent to) a perpetual fast. I seek from Allah that fasting on the day of Arafah may atone for the sins of the preceding and the coming year,

 

For those not on the actual Hajj pilgrimage, it is the preferred Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) to observe voluntary fasts during the first nine days of the blessed month of Dhul-Hijjah, especially the day of Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah).

 

Sahih Muslim Hadith 2534 Narrated by Abu Hurayrah

The Messenger of Allah (saws) forbade to observe fast on these two days. Id al-Adha and Id al-Fitr.

 

Your Question: .then any special duwas or salah or any kind of ibadah during these 10 days .
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.154

Topic: The excellence of good deeds in the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah

Ibn Abbas (r.a.) reports that the Prophet (saws) said: "No good deeds done on other days are superior to those done on these days [meaning the ten days of Dhul-Hijjah]." The companions asked: "O Messenger of Allah (saws), not even jihad in the way of Allah?" He said: "Not even jihad, save for the man who puts his life and wealth in danger [for Allah's Sake] and returns with neither of them." (Related by Bukhari and Tirmidhi)

Ahmad and at-Tabarani record from Ibn Umar (r.a.) that the Messenger of Allah said: "There is no day more honorable in Allah's Sight and no acts more beloved therein to Allah than those in these ten days. So say tahleel ["There is no God but Allah"], takbir [Allah is The Greatest] and tahmeed ["All praise is due to Allah"] a lot [on those days]."

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 


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