My Father is no more with us and has left behind some property.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
My Father is no more with us and has left behind some property. He is survived by his wife, his son(me) and 2 daughters who are both married. I need to sell this property to buy a new house for me and my mother. so what would be the share that the daughters should get from the sale of the old property.
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Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verses 11-14:
11 Allah (thus) directs you as regards your children's (inheritance): to the male a portion equal to that of two females: if only daughters two or more their share is two-thirds of the inheritance; if only one her share is a half. For parents a sixth share of the inheritance to each if the deceased left children; if no children and the parents are the (only) heirs the mother has a third; if the deceased left brothers (or sisters) the mother has a sixth. (The distribution in all cases is) after the payment of legacies and debts. Ye know not whether your parents or your children are nearest to you in benefit. These are settled portions ordained by Allah and Allah is All-Knowing All-Wise.
12 In what your wives leave your share is a half if they leave no child; but if they leave a child ye get a fourth; after payment of legacies and debts. In what ye leave their share is a fourth if ye leave no child; but if ye leave a child they get an eighth; after payment of legacies and debts. If the man or woman whose inheritance is in question has left neither ascendants nor descendants but has left a brother or a sister each one of the two gets a sixth; but if more than two they share in a third; after payment of legacies and debts; so that no loss is caused (to anyone). Thus is it ordained by Allah and Allah is All-Knowing Most Forbearing.
13 Those are limits set by Allah: those who obey Allah and His Messenger will be admitted to Gardens with rivers flowing beneath to abide therein (for ever) and that will be the Supreme achievement.
14 But those who disobey Allah and His Messenger, and transgress His limits will be admitted to a Fire to abide therein: and they shall have a humiliating punishment.
Assuming that the deceased did not leave a will, nor left unpaid debts, and both the parents of the deceased died before his death.. and the deceased is survived only by his wife, one son, and two daughters..and assuming that the only wealth the deceased left behind was the house, the current market value of which is (say) $100,000.00, the distribution of the deceaseds property to his surviving heirs according to Shariah will be as follows..
The wife of the deceased will receive 1/8th or $12,500.00.
The son will receive twice the share of the daughters; thus the balance $87,500 will be divided into four equal parts (or $21,875.00) .and the son will receive $43,750.00 ($21,875.00x2) and the two daughters will receive $21,875.00 each.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,