Intentionally taking false oath.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Is there any punishment if somebody swears wrong by Allah or the Quran?
If there is a punishment, then what is it?
Otherwise what do you suggest such a person should do?
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Intentionally taking false oath
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
There are two kinds of oaths:
- A person swears or takes a oath in the Name of Allah to do or abstain from something; if perchance the person, for any reason whatsoever has to break his oath, he has to atone for it by either feeding the poor, or clothing them, or freeing a slave, and if any of those expiations are beyond his means he must observe fast for three days as an atonement for breaking his oath.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 5 Surah Maidah verse 89:
89 Allah will not call you to account for what is futile in your oaths but He will call you to account for your deliberate oaths: for expiation feed then indigent persons on a scale of the average for the food of your families; or clothe them; or give a slave his freedom. If that is beyond your means fast for three days. That is the expiation for the oaths ye have sworn. But keep to your oaths. Thus doth Allah make clear to you His Signs that ye may be grateful.
- The other false oath is when one has done or not done something, and under oath of Allah Subhanah intentionally tells a lie..the taking of such false oaths is an absolute abomination and a grave sin in the Sight of Allah Subhanah, and the only atonement for taking such a false oath in the Blessed Name of Allah Subhanah is to make sincere taubah and repentance for their grave sin.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 8.7 Narrated by Abu Bakra
Allah's Messenger (saws) said thrice, "Shall I not inform you of the biggest of the Great sins?" We said, "Yes, O Allah's Messenger (saws)" He (saws) said, "To join partners in worship with Allah; to be undutiful to one's parents." The Prophet (saws) then sat up after he had been reclining and added, "And I warn you against giving forged statement and a false witness; I warn you against giving a forged statement and a false witness." The Prophet (saws) kept on saying that warning till we thought that he (saws) would not stop!
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 9.10 Narrated by Anas bin Malik
The Prophet (saws) said, "The biggest of Al-Kaba'ir (the Great Sins) are (1) to join others as partners in worship with Allah, (2) to murder a human being, (3) to be undutiful to one's parents (4) and to give a false witness."
If one takes an oath in the Blessed Name of Allah Subhanah and bears false witness whereby the rights of another person are compromised only because of his false witness, the person should seek not only the forgiveness of Allah Subhanah for his abomination of a crime, but seek the forgiveness of the person whose rights have been compromised only because of his bearing the false witness.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,