If you are travelling from one place at the time when Prayer of Eid ul fitr is being offred.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
My question is as follows,
If you are travelling from one place at the time when Prayer of Eid ul fitr is being offred, my flight is at 9 am early morning, and check in will be 3 hrs before my departure of flight i.e 9 am, and I travelling to a country where Eid ul fitr will be celebrated after 1 or 2 days. What should I do? Should I fast on the day where I am travelling from?
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Fasting 31 days
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verses 183-184:
183 O ye who believe! Fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you that ye may (learn) self-restraint.
184 (Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill or on a journey the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 185:
185 Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'an as a guide to mankind also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So everyone of you who is present (or witnesses) the month should spend it in fasting but if anyone is ill or on a journey the prescribed period (should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you He does not want to put you to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.
Narrated Hadrat Umar (r.a.) that "The Messenger of Allah (saws) has forbidden fasting on these two days. Concerning the Eid of breaking the fast, it is for you to break your fast [of Ramadan]. On the Eid of sacrifice, you should eat from what you sacrifice."
Related by Ahmad, an-Nasa'i, atTirmidhi, Abu Dawud, and Ibn Majah.
If you are traveling from a place where the Eid-ul-Fitr has already been declared to a place where the Eid might be celebrated a day or two later, then obviously you should not observe a fast on that day…..as the Messenger of Allah (saws) forbade the believers from fasting on the Day of Eid.
If the next day after you reach your destination is not declared as Eid in that location, and you find the believers there fasting….then you should observe fasting along with them and it will be considered a voluntary fast for you. The evidence for observing this fast is the verse of the Glorious Quran which declares that: ‘So everyone of you who is present (or witnesses) the month should spend it in fasting’ .
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allah’s Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,