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I have question about FATTHYIA and I went all DARGHA also.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

As-salam Alikum,

My Dearest Brother, I have question about FATTHYIA and I went all DARGHA also & when ever I wants to prey I say in my DUWAIN that YA ALLHA WALIYA ULLHA KI TUFAL SA AUR PYARA NABI KI TUFAL SA MERE DUWAIN QUBOOL FARMAA. We can prey like this is or its belongs Shrik.

 

Another Question in our home we celeberate GARWI SHAREEF & MUHARRAM every think we kept all our foods infront of & we give FATHIYA so let me know its SHRIK. Can u give me some Reference in Quran or HADEES if its SHRIK.

Shukraan & Jhaza Khair

 

 

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Answer:

 

Shrine dua through prophet(saws) fatihah

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Your Question: Another Question in our home we celeberate GARWI SHAREEF & MUHARRAM every think we kept all our foods infront of & we give FATHIYA so let me know its SHRIK. Can u give me some Reference in Quran or HADEES if its SHRIK.

The literal meaning of the Arabic term al-fatihah is the opening, and is the name assigned to the first Surah of the Glorious Quran.

 

There is absolutely no evidence in the Quran or the authentic and established Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) regarding the prevalent practice of giving fatihah or doing any rite or ritual in the name of fatihah!!! If any rite or ritual is not endorsed by the Quran or Sunnah, it obviously cannot be deemed a part or rite of Islam; thus the rite of giving fatihah would constitute a clear and manifest act of bida or innovation in the pure and perfect deen of Islam.

 

A bida or innovation is something which is invented, innovated, and added to the deen of Islam after the deen was completed on Prophet Mohamed (saws). It especially concerns the rites and rituals of worship, or any deed which was not performed or endorsed by the Messenger of Allah (saws), but was added as a part of the deen after his (sawss) death. It also concerns any innovated deed which one does and believes that by doing this innovated deed, he is eligible to earn more reward from Allah Subhanah.

 

Sahih Muslim Hadith 1885 Narrated by Jabir ibn Abdullah

That the Prophet of Allah (saws) said in a sermon: The best speech is that which is embodied in the Book of Allah, the Al Quran; and the best guidance is the guidance given by me, Mohamed (saws). The most evil affairs are the innovations (bida), and every innovation (bida) is an error.

 

Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 4515 Narrated by Ali ibn AbuTalib

That the Prophet of Allah (saws) said: If anyone introduces an innovation (bida in religion), he will be responsible for it. If anyone introduces an innovation (bida) or gives shelter to a man who introduces an innovation (bida), he is cursed by Allah, by His Angels, and by all the people!

 

There is absolutely nothing in the authentic and established Sunnah which endorses the ritual of garwi shareef; and other than the fasting of the two days of Ashura in the month of Muharram, there is absolutely no rite, or ritual, or special prayer or commemoration endorsed by the Messenger of Allah (saws) for the month of Muharram. If one celebrates garwi shareef, or performs any other specific act of worship other than the two fasts of Ashura.without an iota of a doubt, such self-invented rites would constitute the sin of bida or innovation in the Sight of Allah Subhanah.

 

Your Question: .I have question about FATTHYIA and I went all DARGHA also & when ever I wants to prey I say in my DUWAIN that YA ALLHA WALIYA ULLHA KI TUFAL SA AUR PYARA NABI KI TUFAL SA MERE DUWAIN QUBOOL FARMAA. We can prey like this is or its belongs Shrik.

Dear and beloved brother in Islam, your question has two aspects:

  1. the permissibility in Shariah of building or visiting dargahs or shrines or tombs of deceased pious slaves of Allah Subhanah.
  2. the permissibility in Shariah for making duas and supplications through or in the sake of a deceased pious slave of Allah Subhanah.

 

Jabir reported: "The Prophet(saws) forbade the whitewashing of a grave, sitting on it, or erecting any structure on it." (Reported by Ahmad, Muslim, Nasa'i, Abu Daw'ud, and Tirmidhi.)

Abu Hurairah reported: "The Prophet (saws) said: 'May Allah destroy the Jews, because they used the graves of their prophets as places of worship (shrines).'' (Bukhari and Muslim)

 

Aishah reported: "Umm Habibah and Umm Salamah mentioned to Allah's Messenger (saws) a church in which they saw drawings while in Abyssinia, whereupon he said: 'Those people used to build a place of worship (shrine, tomb, etc.) over the grave of a righteous man among them when he died, and make such drawings in it. These will be the worst of people in the Sight of Allah on the Day of Resurrection.'' (Bukhari and Muslim)


 

In light of the above absolutely clear guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws), it is absolutely prohibited in Islam to make a shrine over the dead, leave alone visiting or invoking those buried in the shrines!

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 39 Surah Zumar verse 3:

Is it not to Allah that sincere devotion is due? But those who take awliyaas other than Allah (say): "We only serve them (the awliyaas) in order that they may bring us nearer to Allah." Truly Allah will judge between them in that wherein they differ. But Allah guides not such as are false and ungrateful.

 

It has indeed always happened that when some true and pious servant of Allah Subhanah died, some people declared him after his death as a Wali (plural Awliya) from themselves, and shared some of Allahs Rights and Attributes with this departed person! Some made images and worshipped them, some made idols and invoked them, and some turned their graves into places of worship and invocations!

 

Allah Alone is All-Hearing; but some ignorant people shared this Noble Attribute of Allah with their Awliyaas and started falsely assuming that those buried in their graves can hear and respond to their supplications and invocations; this is precisely what is termed shirk in the Glorious Quran!

 

Similarly, Allah Alone is All-Knowing and All-Seeing; but some ignorant people shared these Noble Attributes of Allah with their Awliyaas and started falsely assuming that those buried in their graves sees and knows their condition and has the power to help them. They thus started invoking them in their graves and this is precisely what has been termed as manifest shirk in the Glorious Quran!

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 10 Surah Yunus verse 18:

These people serve beside Allah those which can neither harm nor benefit them, and say, These are our shofaa (intercessors) with Allah! (O Mohammed), tell them, Do you wish to inform Allah of that thing which He knows not in the heavens, or in the earth? He is absolutely free from, and exalted above the shirk that they commit.

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 46 Surah Ahqaf verses 4-6:

O Prophet, say to them, "Have you ever seen them with open eyes those whom you invoke instead of Allah? Show me what they have created in the earth? Or have they any share in the creation and control of the heavens? Bring me a Book revealed before this, or produce some remnant of knowledge in support of your beliefs if you are truthful." And who could be further astray than the one who invokes, instead of Allah, those who cannot answer him till the Day of Resurrection. Nay, they are even UNAWARE THAT THEY ARE BEING INVOKED. And when all mankind shall be gathered together (on the Day of Qiyamah), they (the so called leaders and intercessors) will become enemies of those who invoked them and they will DISOWN THEIR WORSHIP!!!

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 18 Surah Kahf verse 102:

What? Do these people, who have disbelieved, presume that they would make My servants their auliyaas besides Me? We have prepared Hell for the hospitality of such people.

 

It is indeed unfortunate and absolute and utter ignorance, that after being specifically warned by the Messenger of Allah (saws); some people who profess their belief in him and his message start making and using the dargahs of the deceased pious slaves of Allah Subhanah as places of worship and invocation!

 

If one invokes anything or anyone other than Allah Subhanah, or if one invokes or call upon anything or anyone with Allah Subhanah there is absolutely no doubt that such a person will be committing the heinous and abomination of shirk!!!

 

It is the strict command and sole Right of Allah Subhanah, as the Creator and Sustainer of the World, that He and He Alone should be invoked for anything one desires and needs; for there is none in the Universe who can give anything if Allah does not will to give, and there is none in the Universe who can stop Allah if He wills to show mercy on His slaves!

 

If one so much so as even tries to invoke someone or something other than Allah Subhanah in the unseen, he will be committing the most heinous of crimes in the sight of Allah Subhanah; that is, shirk!!!

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 5 Surah Maidah verse 72:

Whoever commits shirk (invoking anything with Allah), Allah shall forbid for him Paradise, and Hell shall be his abode. And for such wrong doers there will be no one to help.

 

It is permissible and encouraged in Islam to make dua or supplications for the deceased, but to invoke the deceased, or to make a supplication to or through the deceased is a clear and manifest act of the unforgivable and heinous crime of shirk in the Sight of Allah Subhanah.

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 17 Surah Israa verse 110:

110 Say: "Call upon Allah or call upon The Rahman (The Most Gracious): by whatever Name ye call upon Him (it is well): for to Him belong the Most Beautiful Names.

 

Beloved Brother in Islam, it is absolutely fine, permissible, acceptable and encouraged to implore and beseech Allah Subhanah through His Noble Names and Attributes when supplicating to Him; but it is absolutely impermissible in Islam to use a creation of Allah (even if that creation happens to be a Prophet, or an Angel, or a Saint, etc.) as an intermediary when supplicating the Lord Most Gracious.

 

Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 186:

And if My servants ask you, O Prophet, concerning Me, tell them that I am quite near to them. I hear and answer the prayer of the suppliant, when he calls on Me. So let them respond to My call and believe in Me. (Convey this to them), perhaps they may be guided aright!

 

Our Lord is indeed the All-Hearing, All-Knowing, and He indeed hears and responds to those who call upon Him in humility and in hope. The Messenger of Allah (saws) himself called upon His Lord directly and without any intermediary day and night, standing, sitting and lying down; and encouraged the believers to do the same. Never ever did he encourage or endorse supplicating Allah Subhanah through an intermediary! In fact, asking or supplicating Allah Subhanah through dead or absent intermediaries is regarded as a form of shirk and disbelief in Islam.

 

Instead of adding weight to ones supplication by using the name of a dead or absent creation of Allah, the Messenger of Allah (saws) guided the believers that if indeed they wished to add weight to their supplications to their Lord Most Gracious, they should humbly and in fear, indicate some amongst their good deeds which they have done purely for the Sake and Pleasure of Allah Subhanah; for it is ones own belief and ones own deeds which indeed add weight to ones supplications in the Presence of the Lord Most Merciful.

 

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 4.671 Narrated by Ibn Umar

Allah's Messenger (saws) said, "Once three persons (from the previous nations) were traveling, and suddenly it started raining and they took shelter in a cave. The entrance of the cave got closed while they were inside. They said to each other, 'O you! Nothing can save you except the truth, so each of you should ask Allah's help by referring to such a deed as he thinks he did sincerely (i.e. just for gaining Allah's pleasure).' So one of them said, 'O Allah! You know that I had a laborer who worked for me for one Faraq (i.e. three Sas) of rice, but he departed, leaving it (i.e. his wages). I sowed that Faraq of rice and with its yield I bought cows (for him). Later on when he came to me asking for his wages, I said (to him), 'Go to those cows and drive them away.' He said to me, 'But you have to pay me only a Faraq of rice,' I said to him, 'Go to those cows and take them, for they are the product of that Faraq (of rice).' So he drove them. O Allah! If you consider that I did that for fear of You, then please remove the rock.' The rock shifted a bit from the mouth of the cave.

The second one said, 'O Allah, You know that I had old parents whom I used to provide with the milk of my sheep every night. One night I was delayed and when I came, they had slept, while my wife and children were crying with hunger. I used not to let them (i.e. my family) drink unless my parents had drunk first. So I disliked to wake them up and also disliked that they should sleep without drinking it, I kept on waiting (for them to wake) till it dawned. O Allah! If You consider that I did that for fear of you, then please remove the rock.' So the rock shifted and they could see the sky through it.

The (third) one said, 'O Allah! You know that I had a cousin (i.e. my paternal uncle's daughter) who was most beloved to me and I sought to seduce her, but she refused, unless I paid her one-hundred Dinars (i.e. gold pieces). So I collected the amount and brought it to her, and she allowed me to sleep with her. But when I sat between her legs, she said, 'Be afraid of Allah, and do not deflower me but legally. 'I got up and left the hundred Dinars (for her). O Allah! If You consider that I did that for fear of you then please remove the rock. So Allah saved them and they came out (of the cave)."

 

Allahs Messenger (saws) guided the believers on how to best supplicate their Lord Most Merciful:

  1. Call upon the Lord Most Merciful through His Noble Attributes and Praise Him.
  2. In absolute humility, fear and hope declare ones own servitude and utter helplessness in the Presence of their Majestic Lord.
  3. If one wishes, one may, in humility and in fear, indicate ones own good deeds one may have done for the Sake and Pleasure of Allah Subhanah Alone.
  4. Then, beseech the Lord Most Gracious for whatever one wishes.
  5. And then in conclusion to the supplication, recite the durood or salutation to the Noble Prophet and his family.

 

Ibn Mas'ud reported that the Prophet (saws), said, "If any servant of Allah afflicted with distress or grief makes this supplication, his supplication will be accepted: 'O Allah, I am Your servant, son of Your servant, son of your maidservant. My forehead is in Your hand. Your command conceming me prevails, and Your decision concerning me is just. I call upon You by every one of the beautiful names by which You have described Yourself, or which You have revealed in Your book, or have taught anyone of Your creatures, or which You have chosen to keep in the knowledge of the unseen with You, to make the Qur'an the delight of my heart, the light of my breast, and remover of my griefs, sorrows, and afflictions'." A supplication in these words will be answered. Allah will remove one's affliction and replace it with joy and happiness.

 

Salman reported that the Prophet (saws), said, "Your Lord, the Blessed and the Exalted One, is Modest and Generous, and He loathes to turn away His servant empty-handed when he raises his hands to Him in supplication."

Narrated by Ahmad and Ibn Hibban.

 

If one trusts, obeys, and follows the guidance and commands of Allah and His Messenger (saws), one can be assured of never ever being misled; but if one believes, obeys and follows any other guidance, other than that of Allah and His Messenger (saws), one can be assured of being led astray.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan


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