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I wanted to ask that what are the reasons that Moharram is celebrated and In Namaz if a person by chance reads the same surah is that wrong in it.

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As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

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As Salaam Vale kum,

I wanted to ask that what are the reasons that Moharram is celebrated and In Namaz if a person by chance reads the same surah is that wrong in it or after reciting it the other surah should recited it

 

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Answer:

 

Repeat same surah in prayer

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Your Question: I wanted to ask that what are the reasons that Moharram is celebrated

Ibn 'Abbas reported: "The Prophet (saws) came to Madinah and found the Jews fasting on the day of 'Ashurah. He (saws) said to them: 'What is this fast?' They said: 'A great day. Allah saved Moses and the tribes of Israel from their enemies on this day and therefore, Moses fasted on this day.' The Prophet (saws) said: 'We have more of a right to Moses than you,' so he (saws) fasted on that day also and ordered the believers to fast on that day."

Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.

 

According to al-Bukhari and Muslim, Musa al-Ash'ari reported: "The Jews would honor the day of 'Ashurah as an 'id. The Prophet (saws) said: 'You [Muslims] are to fast on it.'"

 

The tenth of Muharram was a day which not only the pagans of Quraish, but also the Jews and the Christians of the time held in honor before the advent of Islam; and they commemorated this day by fasting. The Messenger of Allah (saws) declared that the believers, because of their true belief upon all the previous Prophets of Allah, had more right to honor this day and he (saws) encouraged the believers to differ from the pagans and fast two days, either the 9th and the 10th of Muharram or the 10th and the 11th, in commemoration of this great day.

 

Ibn 'Abbas reported: "The Messenger of Allah (saws) fasted on the day of 'Ashurah and ordered the people to fast on it. The people said: 'O Messenger of Allah (saws) , it is a day that the Jews and Christians honor.' The Prophet (saws) said, 'When the following year comes--Allah willing--we shall fast (also) on the ninth.' The death of the Prophet (saws) came before the following year."


Related by Muslim and Abu Dawud.

 

Dear and beloved brother, other than the fasting on the two consecutive days for Ashura (the 9th/10th or the 10th/11th), to the best of our knowledge, there is absolutely nothing in the authentic and established Sunnah or practice of the Messenger of Allah (saws) whereby the Prophet (saws) encouraged the believers to do any additional specific rites or rituals or prayers or anything else especially for the month of Muharram.

 

Performing any rite or ritual in the month of Muharram assuming that their this practice is a part of the deen, or that their these self-invented rites and rituals would earn them extra rewards from Allah Subhanah, etcespecially when such rites and rituals are not endorsed by Allah and His Messenger (saws) would without an iota of a doubt, be a manifestation of the evil sin of bida or innovation in the Sight of Allah Subhanah.

 

Aisha narrated that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said: If somebody innovates something which is not present in our religion, then that thing will be rejected.

Related by Bukhari.

 

Sahih Muslim Hadith 1885 Narrated by Jabir ibn Abdullah

That the Prophet of Allah (saws) said in a sermon: The best speech is that which is embodied in the Book of Allah, the Al Quran; and the best guidance is the guidance given by me, Mohamed (saws). The most evil affairs are the innovations (bida), and every innovation (bida) is an error.

 

Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 4515 Narrated by Ali ibn AbuTalib

That the Prophet of Allah (saws) said: If anyone introduces an innovation (bida in religion), he will be responsible for it. If anyone introduces an innovation (bida) or gives shelter to a man who introduces an innovation (bida), he is cursed by Allah, by His Angels, and by all the people!

 

Your Question: ..and In Namaz if a person by chance reads the same surah is that wrong in it or after reciting it the other surah should recited it .

Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.723 Narrated by Ubada bin As Samit

Allah's Messenger (saws) said, "Whoever does not recite Al-Fatiha in his prayer, his prayer is invalid."

 

The recitation of the Surah Al-Fatihah in every rakah is an absolutely obligatory part of the prayer; the omission of the recitation of Surah Al-Fatihah in any rakah would invalidate ones prayer.

 

The recitation of a Surah or some verses of the Glorious Quran after the recitation of Surah Al-Fatihah is a preferred Sunnah and not considered an obligatory part of prayer; thus if for any reason one forgets or does not recite another Surah or some verses of the Glorious Quran after the recitation of Surah Al-Fatihah, their prayer would still be valid.

 

Your Question (again): ..and In Namaz if a person by chance reads the same surah is that wrong in it or after reciting it the other surah should recited it .

An incident did occur in the time of the Prophet (saws) where one amongst the Ansaars would recite Surah Al-Ikhlaas in every rakah of his prayer.

 

Ubaidullah ibn Thabit related that Anas said, "One of the helpers (Ansar) led the people in prayer at (the mosque) of Quba'. Before he began his recitation he would always recite Surah 112 Al-Ikhlaas until he finished that Surah, and then he would recite another surah. He did that in every rakah. They said to him, 'You begin with that Surah (Al-Ikhlaas), but we don't find it sufficient until you add another Surah to it?' He said, 'I will not stop doing so. I like to lead you in the prayer with that. If you don't like it, I will leave (leading you in the prayers).' They thought that he was the best among them, so they didn't want someone else to lead them. They referred the matter to the Prophet (saws) and he said, 'O so and so, what has kept you from doing what your companions have asked you? Why do you keep reciting that Surah (Al-Ikhlaas) in every rak'ah?' He said, 'I love that Surah.' The Prophet (saws) said, 'Your love for that Surah (Al-Ikhlaas) will cause you to enter Paradise."

 

As much as the merits of the blessed Surah 112 Al-Ikhlaas were announced by the Messenger of Allah (saws) in Truth, it was not the practice of the Messenger of Allah (saws), nor his noble companions, nor the believers of the earliest generations to recite this or any other blessed Surah in every rakah of their prayers.

 

The practice and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) was to recite different Surahs in each rakah of his prayers after the recitation of Surah Al-Fatihah, and the absolutely clear guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws) to the believers regarding the prayer is:

 

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 1.604 Narrated by Malik

The Prophet (saws) said: "Pray as you have seen me pray.

 

Because the Messenger of Allah (saws) did not stop the Ansaar companion from reciting the Surah Al-Ikhlas in every rakah of his prayer, the scholars and jurists in Islam are of the opinion that it is acceptable and permissible, and not forbidden.but the established Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) was to recite a different Surah after the recitation of Surah Al-Fatihah in his prayers.

 

If one accidentally or unintentionally recites the same Surah after the recitation of Surah Al-Fatihah in their prayers, there is absolutely no harm; it is expected that Allah Subhanah would accept their striving and their worship and not diminish their rewards in the least, Insha Allah.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan


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