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If someone joins 2nd rakaat of Jumaa prayer and or in Tahyaat, his Jumaa prayer is considered complete or not or he has to perform Zoher. Please put light on it.

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As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

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If someone joins 2nd rakaat of Jumaa prayer and or in Tahyaat, his Jumaa prayer is considered complete or not or he has to perform Zoher. Please put light on it.

 

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Answer:

 

Miss part of jumua friday prayer

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.143a


Topic: Catching One Rakah or Less of the Jumuah Prayer

Most of the people of knowledge are of the opinion that if a person catches only one rakah of al-Jumuah prayer, then that rakah will be valid and the person need only make up the one rak'ah that he misses.

Ibn 'Umar reports that the Prophet (saws) said: "Whoever catches only one rakah of the (Jumuah) salah and then adds to it the other one, his (Jumuah) prayer will be complete." (Related by an-Nasa'i, Ibn Majah, and ad-Daraqutni.)

Abu Hurairah reports that the Prophet (saws) said: "Whoever catches one rakah of the prayer has indeed caught the whole prayer." (Related by Bukhari and Muslim)

 

Whoever catches less than one rakah of the salah has not caught the Jumuah and he is to pray four rak'at of the dhuhr salah according to the majority of the scholars.

Ibn Masud says: "Whoever catches one rakah from al-Jumuah is only to add another one to it. Whoever misses both rakahs is to pray four rakahs." (Related by at-Tabarani.)

 

Ibn 'Umar says: "If one catches one rakah from the Friday salah, then he is to add another one to it. If he catches only the sitting [at the end of the prayer, following the bowing], then he is to pray four [rakah]." (Related by al-Baihaqi.)

 

If one joins the Jumuah prayer in the second rakah and catches the ruku with the congregation, all the scholars and jurists in Islam are unanimous in their opinion that the person would have deemed caught the Jumuah prayer, and he should complete his prayer by adding only one more rakah.

 

But if one were to join the Jumuah congregational prayer after the last ruku, then the scholars and jurists in Islam have differed in their opinion. Imam Shafei, Imam Malik and Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal are of the opinion that if one joins the Jumuah congregation after the last ruku, then he has missed the Jumuah prayer, and should complete his prayer by praying four rakahs of dhuhr.

 

But Imam Abu Haneefa is of the opinion that if one catches any part of the Jumuah congregation, even if it is in the tashahud, one would have deemed to have caught the Jumuah, and thus one should pray only two rakahs after the Imam has declared the tasleems.

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan


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