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I want to know about the "Fidia" (in Dirhams, or Dollars)

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Dear Burhan Bhai.

I want to know about the "Fidia" (in Dirhams, or Dollars) if a woman is pregnant and cannot keep the fast. please i want to know. if we cannot find a needy whom we can serve food, then where, and how much to give money.

thanks

 

Ahmed

 

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Answer:

 

Kaffarah atone missed fasts

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Your Question: I want to know about the "Fidia" (in Dirhams, or Dollars) if a woman is pregnant and cannot keep the fast.


Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 185:

185 Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'an as a guide to mankind also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So everyone of you who is present (or witnesses) the month should spend it in fasting but if anyone is ill or on a journey the prescribed period (should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you He does not want to put you to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.

 

If one is genuinely ill, or fears that fasting would aggravate his illness, of if one is pregnant and fears that fasting may effect the health of the mother or the unborn in any way, etc.; one has been given the option by the Lord Most Merciful that the believer may leave the fast/s and make up the missed fasts at a later date/s of their convenience.

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verse 184:

184 (Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill or on a journey the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it (with hardship) is a ransom the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more of his own free will it is better for him and it is better for you that ye fast if ye only knew.

 

If one is indulged in a permanent or terminal form of illness and has absolutely no hope of recovering from that illness whereby one is unable to even make up the missed fasts at a later date.then the atonement for such terminally ill believers is the feeding of (at least) one poor indigent person for each fast missed. This form of atonement of feeding (at least) one poor person for each fast missed is only for those who are terminally ill and have no hope of recovery, and not for the temporarily ill.for the temporarily ill (pregnant woman, etc.), they are not eligible to atone their missed fasts by feeding the poor, but they have to make up their missed fasts by fasting on other days of their convenience.

 

Your Question: please i want to know. if we cannot find a needy whom we can serve food, then where, and how much to give money.

We reiterate again brother, that one who is temporarily ill due to pregnancy does not have the option in Shariah to atone for their missed fasts by feeding the poor; but they will have to make up their missed fasts at a later date.

 

But only for knowledge, if one is permanently or terminally ill, and has absolutely no hope of recovering from their illness to the extent that they will not even be able to make up their fast on other days.. Any Islamic Centre or Society or the imam of your local mosque would be able to guide one regarding the brothers and sisters who are involved in feeding the poor. One who is terminally ill and wishes to atone for their missed fasts by feeding the poor, must inform these brothers and sisters that the amount they are giving them is for the atonement of their missed fasts; and they would do the needful Insha Allah.

 

Your Question: and how much to give money

There is no prescribed amount in Shariah to feed the poor as obviously the feeding of someone in Japan would differ from the feeding of one in say Africa! But if one gives an amount of approximately $2.50-$4.00, it would suffice in most countries for one average meal.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan


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