We are engaged in social work within the community and one of the projects taken up is the `Donation of Eyes` after death.
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One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
We are engaged in social work within the community and one of the projects taken up is the `Donation of Eyes` after death. I understand there is some resistance within the Muslim community, probably more out of some misconception on the doctrines of Islam.
Is there any hadith or guidelines within Islam that prohibits donation of organs after death. Please do let me know.
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The Holy Quran and Sunnah are silent on the issue of donating organs, as these transplants were obviously made available only after the advancements of technology and modern medicine, which were not available at the time the Quran was being revealed. The scholars in Islam have debated on this issue in light of the principles of the Quran and Sunnah, and the majority of them are of the opinion that there is no harm if one donates his body organs after his death to another so that some other believer may benefit from them after his/her death; provided some conditions are met.
- One cannot be forced to donate his body parts.
- One may donate his body parts of his own free will.
- One should not sell or get any material benefit for donating his body parts.
Their argument or daleel is that ones body parts are only needed as long as one is alive, and are absolutely no use to the person once he/she dies. Thus if these parts can benefit some loved one, there is no harm in donating them.
A few scholars though, have voiced their opinion saying that it is forbidden to donate ones body parts to another. Their daleel is that man is not the inherent owner of his own body, as the body was only given to man as a trust from Allah Subhanah, Who is the Real Owner of everything. Therefore it is not permissible to distribute something which does not belong to man in the first place.
The majority of the scholars are of the opinion that if one does it of his own free will, and does not demand or get any material benefit from it, there is no harm in donating ones body parts to a loved one after his/her death.
And Allah Alone Knows Best.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,