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Please advise in the light of Hadeeth the duration of Maghrib Prayer.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Dear Brother Burhan,

Please advise in the light of Hadeeth the duration of Maghrib Prayer. as after the Azan upto how much time we can pray Magrib Salah.

Also copy the reply to Brother Qazi Adnan.

Jazak Allah

Yours Brother in Islam

 

Aejaz

 

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

 

Answer:

 

Time for magrib prayer

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Your Question: Please advise in the light of Hadeeth the duration of Maghrib Prayer. as after the Azan upto how much time we can pray Magrib Salah.

Jarir ibn Abdullah narrated that the Angel Jibrael (a.s.) came to the Messenger of Allah (saws) and said to him, "Stand and pray," and they prayed the noon (dhuhr) prayer when the sun had just passed its meridian. He then came to him (saws) for the afternoon (asr) prayer and said, "Stand and pray," and they prayed the afternoon (asr) prayer while the length of a shadow of something was similar to the length of the object. Then he came at sunset and said, "Stand and pray," and they prayed the sunset (magrib) prayer when the sun had just disappeared. Then he came at night and said, "Stand and pray" and they prayed the night (isha) prayer when the twilight had disappeared. He came again when dawn broke (and they prayed the morning (fajr) prayer). Then Jibrael (a.s.) came on the next day at noon and said (to the Messenger of Allah (saws)), "Stand and pray," and they prayed the noon (dhuhr) prayer when the length of the shadow of something was close to the length of the object. Then he came for the afternoon prayer and said, "Stand and pray," and they prayed the afternoon (asr) prayer when the shadow of something was twice as long as the length of the object. Then he came at the same time (as the previous day) for the sunset (magrib) prayer, without any change. Then he came for the night (isha) prayer after half (or a third) of the night had passed. Then he came when the sky was very yellow and said, "Stand and pray," and they prayed the morning (fajr) prayer. Then Jibrael (a.s.) said, "Between these times are the times for the prayers.


Related by Bukhari, Ahmad, an-Nasa'i and at-Tirmidhi.

 

Please note that on both days, Hadrat Jibrael (a.s.) led the Magrib prayers at the same time, which is immediately after the setting of the sun.

 

Al-Muwatta Hadith 1.9

Yahya related that Abdullah ibn Rafi, the slave of Umm Salama, the wife of the Prophet (saws) asked Abu Hurayra about the time of the prayer. Abu Hurayra said, "Let me tell you. Pray dhuhr when the length of your shadow matches your height, asr when your shadow is twice your height, maghrib when the sun has set, isha in the first third of the night, and subh in the very first light of dawn," i.e. when the dawn has definitely come.

 

 

Thus, the prayer times are as follows:

 

Dhuhr: The time for dhuhr prayers starts immediate after zawaal (when the sun moves in the west direction after the mid-day point). And dhuhr ends when the shadow of any object is twice the length of the object.

 

Asr: When the dhuhr ends, that is the beginning of Asr time, and Asr lasts till the sun begins to set.

 

Magrib: Starts immediately after the sun has set and lasts till the red-line disappears from the sky and it is dark.

 

Isha: Starts when the red-line from the horizon disappears and becomes dark. There are two opinion when Isha ends: One is uptil mid-night, and the other opinion is that Isha time ends before the advent of fajr time.

 

Fajr: Starts when the light of the sun is visible from the east and lasts until just before the sun is seen rising.

 

If the prayer is prayed between the two bands of beginning and end, it will be considered ada or on-time prayers. The Prophet (saws) said that it is preferable to perform the prayers at the beginning times, and he (saws) himself led the believers in all the prayers at the beginning times in congregation.

 

Your Question: Please advise in the light of Hadeeth the duration of Maghrib Prayer. as after the Azan upto how much time we can pray Magrib Salah.

In light of the above guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws) the time for magrib prayer starts immediately after the sun has completely set, and lasts till the red-line disappears from the horizon and the sky starts to turn black. Our best estimate is that this period between the complete setting of the sun and the sky turning black would not be more than 20-25 minutes. Because the prayer time for magrib is so short, it would always be prudent and best to offer this prayer especially at its earliest time which is immediately after the setting of the sun.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

 

Burhan


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