My concept of halal and haram from the oceans and seas was that practically everything is halal except a few fish.
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One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
Is Shark and Alligator meat halal?
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I was reading the response to a brother's question regarding the halal and haram edibles from the oceans and seas. I am not from the bohra community. My concept of halal and haram from the oceans and seas was that practically everything is halal except a few fish. Like squids, sharks, octopus etc.
Are Sharks, Squids, Octopus, and alligator meat halal?
Thanking you in advance for your reply.W'Salam
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Sea food Alligator
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Your Question: My concept of halal and haram from the oceans and seas was that practically everything is halal except a few fish. Like squids, sharks, octopus etc.
Sharks, Squids, Octopus, and alligator meat halal?
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 16 Surah Nahl verse 14:
It is He (Allah) Who has subjected the sea to your service so that you may get fresh flesh from it to eat and bring out of it articles of ornaments, which you wear.
Sunan of Abu-Dawood Hadith 83 Narrated by Abu Hurayrah
A man asked the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him): Messenger of Allah, we travel on the sea and take a small quantity of water with us. If we use this for ablution, we would suffer from thirst. Can we perform ablution with sea water? The Messenger (peace be upon him) replied: Its water is pure and what dies in it is lawful food.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 5.648 Narrated by Jabir
We set out in the army of Al-Khabt and Abu Ubaida was the commander of the troops. We were struck with severe hunger and the sea threw out a dead fish the like of which we had never seen, and it was called Al-'Anbar. We ate of it for half a month. Abu Ubaida took (and fixed) one of its bones and a rider passed underneath it (without touching it). (Jabir added:) Abu 'Ubaida said (to us), "Eat (of that fish)." When we arrived at Medina, we informed the Prophet (saws) about that, and he said, "Eat, for it is food Allah has brought out for you, and feed us if you have some of it." So some of them gave him (of that fish) and he (saws) ate it.
Whenever one wishes to determine whether an animal is permissible or impermissible for the believers to consume, the principle law is look in the list of what has been declared haraam by Allah and His Messenger (saws); and if one does not find the name of the animal in the haraam list, its flesh would be presumed halaal for the believers.
In light of the above clear guidance of the Messenger of Allah (saws), every animal that predominantly lives in the sea would be absolutely halaal for the believers to consume, including the flesh of animals like sharks, squids, octopus, etc.
When it comes to animals (reptiles) which have the ability to live on land as well as in water, the scholars have a difference of opinion regarding its permissibility. The majority of the scholars opine that if the reptile predominantly lives in water, then it would be considered an animal of the sea and thus its flesh would be halaal for the believers to consume. And if the animal predominantly lives on land, then the laws of the land animals would be applied to it to determine its permissibility.
Thus because the alligator predominantly lives in water, it will be considered an animal of the sea and its food would be halaal for the believers to consume, if they wish to do so.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and sincere well wisher in Islam,