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What Islam says about euthanasia and whether it is allowed to assist in ending someone`s life if they are suffering from a terrible disease.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

I would like to know what Islam says about euthanasia and whether it is allowed to assist in ending someone`s life if they are suffering from a terrible disease. Also at medical school if students are meant to perform a dissection from an unknown source of animal,which could be from a pig as well,is it allowed to carry on with the dissection? 

 

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Answer:

 

Life support and dissection study of swine

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.


 

Your Question: I would like to know what Islam says about euthanasia and whether it is allowed to assist in ending someone`s life if they are suffering from a terrible disease.

Beloved Sister, at the time when the Quran was being revealed, there was obviously no such modern medical instruments which could be utilized as a life-support unit; thus the Quran and Sunnah are silent on the issue.

 

The principle of the Quran and Sunnah states that one must do everything in their power to save ones life and no one has a right to determine or end his own or anothers life without just cause; thus in light of the guidance of the Quran and the Sunnah the absolute majority of the scholars in Islam are of the opinion that one should use whatever tools which are in ones disposal to elongate ones life; and it would be against the principles of the Quran and Sunnah that a person decides to terminate anothers life without right or just cause.

 

Some scholars have indeed allowed that the decision should be left to an able and competent doctor to decide when and whether or not to take away the life-support-unit of the dying person, especially when there is absolutely no hope of the person coming back to life and/or the elongated cost of the life-support-unit is absolutely beyond the reach of the dying persons family.

 

Your Question: Also at medical school if students are meant to perform a dissection from an unknown source of animal,which could be from a pig as well,is it allowed to carry on with the dissection? 

If one is seeking knowledge from such a dissection which would benefit mankind in any way, there is absolutely no harm in performing the dissection of the unknown animal, regardless of whether the animal is one from amongst the halaal or the haraam. Because the Quran clearly declares the swine as a najis or impure animal, one should thoroughly wash and purify their hands or any parts of their body which might have touched this impure animal.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

Burhan


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