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We all know that sucide is Haraam in ISLAM

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

Dear Sir, Salam Alaikum..

i have read the book abt death and ressurection written by HARUN YAHYA in which i read that, when a person die, how he will die and where he will die and what time he will die is Decided by Allah Alone.

 

Here i am confused that as we all know that sucide is Haraam in ISLAM or when a person commit sucide it means its decided by Allah for him or her to Commit sucide. So then how a person will be acountable abt this thats what i am confused abt

pls can u help me to solve this confusion of my mind. Thanking u very much...

 

Pls reply as soon as possible..

 

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Answer:

 

Suicide death accountability

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Your Question: i have read the book abt death and ressurection written by HARUN YAHYA in which i read that, when a person die, how he will die and where he will die and what time he will die is Decided by Allah Alone.

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 31 Surah Luqman verse 34:

34 Verily the knowledge of the Hour is with Allah (Alone). It is He Who sends down rain and He Who knows what is in the wombs. Nor does anyone know what it is that he will earn on the morrow: nor does anyone know in what land he is to die. Verily with Allah is full knowledge and He is acquainted (with all things).

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 39 Surah Zumar verse 42:

42 It is Allah that takes the souls (of men) at death: and those that die not (He takes their souls) during their sleep: those on whom He has passed the Decree of Death He keeps back (from returning to life), but the rest He sends (back their souls to their bodies) for a term appointed. Verily in this are Signs for those who reflect.

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisaa verse 78:

78 "Wherever ye are death will find you out, even if ye are in towers built up strong and high!"


 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 63 Surah Munafeqoon verse 11:

11 But to no soul will Allah grant respite when the time appointed (for it) has come: and Allah is well-acquainted with (all) that ye do.

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 7 Surah Aaraf

34 To every people is a term appointed: when their term is reached not an hour can they cause delay nor (an hour) can they advance (it in anticipation).

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 3 Surah Ale Imran verse 145:

145 Nor can a soul die except by Allah's leave; the term being fixed as by writing.

 

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 4.430 Narrated by Abdullah bin Musud

Allah's Messenger (saws), the true and truly inspired said, "(The matter of the Creation of) a human being is put together in the womb of the mother in forty days, and then he becomes a clot of thick blood for a similar period, and then a piece of flesh for a similar period. Then Allah sends an Angel who is ordered to write four things. He is ordered to write down his (i.e. the new creature's) deeds, his livelihood, his (date of) death, and whether he will be blessed or wretched (in religion). Then the soul is breathed into him.

 

In light of the guidance of the Quran and the Sunnah, it is indeed true that it is Allah Subhanah Alone Who Knows when, where and how each person will meet with his appointment of death.

 

Your Question: Here i am confused that as we all know that sucide is Haraam in ISLAM or when a person commit sucide it means its decided by Allah for him or her to Commit sucide. So then how a person will be acountable abt this thats what i am confused abt

pls can u help me to solve this confusion of my mind.

 

Islam guides that life does not belong to us, but rather it is given as a trust to each human being. Neither is a human being allowed to take the life of another human without just cause, nor is one permitted in Islam to take ones own life; both would be considered grave sins in the sight of Allah Subhanah.

 

The time of death for each and every soul is indeed determined and Decreed by Allah Subhanah, and no one can die except with the Precise Permission and Will of the Lord All Mighty. How many a people try to take their own (or others) lives, but are not successful; and how many a people try to save their (or others) lives, and they are not successful?

 

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 1.1 Narrated by Umar bin Al Khattab

I heard the Messenger of Allah (saws) saying, "The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions; and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended."

 

Indeed, the time and place of death of each individual is Decreed by Allah Subhanah! But when a person commits suicide, he will not be held accountable for dieing on a particular day or a particular place, but he will surely be held accountable for intending, and fulfilling his intention to take his own life! Because of the Perfect and Absolute Knowledge of Allah Subhanah, Allah Knew that this person would take his own life; but the person did not take his own life because the Lord had Decreed it, but rather the person who was bestowed with a free will, utilized his free will and of his own choice, chose to take his own life; and that utilization of his free will is precisely what he will be held accountable for.

 

The same is the case with any deed of mankind which he does with his own free will, regardless of whether the deed is good or evil. Because of Allahs Perfect Knowledge, He knows what His creation will do; but because the Lord has bestowed a limited free will to each individual as a test, He allows each individual to choose whatever good or evil he chooses to do; and it is the utilization of this free will which will be brought to account on the Day of Judgment.

 

One does not commit a good or evil deed because Allah has Decreed it, for that would indeed nullify the test of life; but because one has been bestowed with a limited free will as a test, the Lord Allows and Permits man for a limited time of one life to choose what he wills to do; and it is the utilization of this free will that will be brought to account on that Inevitable Day.

 

If one commits any other sin (shirk, murder, zina, etc.), he has the opportunity to turn back to Allah Subhanah and seek His Forgiveness and Pardon because the door of Taubah is open until the time of ones death; but when one commits the heinous sin of suicide and takes his own life, he cannot even seek repentance as the door of Taubah is closed permanently with his death!

 

If the argument that when a person commit sucide it means its decided by Allah for him or her to Commit sucide. So then how a person will be acountable abt this, then the person who murders another person can use the same argument and say that he committed no sin in killing a person, because it was destined and Decreed by Allah for the victim to die on that date: Would such an argument be accepted to defend the act of the murderer?

 

The murderers (and the one who commits suicide) sin is that he intended and fulfilled his intention by taking a life that he had no right to take! The murderer, after having committed the murder has the opportunity to turn back to Allah Subhanah and seek forgiveness; but the one who commits suicide loses even that opportunity, for the doors of Taubah are closed with ones death!

 

The Truth is that the Decree of Allah Subhanah is no more than a record of His Absolute and Perfect Knowledge. Man does not do something because His All-Knowing Lord Knows what He is going to do; but man does something because he has exercised his bestowed free will which was given to him as a test; and it is the utilization of this limited free will which will be held to account in the Supreme Presence of the Majestic Lord on that Inevitable Day of Judgment.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your brother and well wisher in Islam,

 

Burhan

 


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