When should we pray and Ishraq and Chasth namaz.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
When should we pray and Ishraq and Chasth namaz. Can u please give me the indian timings for this.
(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)
Ishraq and chasht prayers
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is none worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Your Question: When should we pray and Ishraq and Chasth namaz.
The Arabic term Ishraaq is name given to the time of day when the sun has completely risen in the mornings. The ishraaq prayers are a two-rakah supererogatory prayer offered after the sun has completely risen. It was the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (saws) that he would lead the believers in the obligatory fajr prayer in the mosque, then sit and glorify and remember Allah Subhanah till the sun had completely risen; and then he would offer a two-rakah prayer and leave the mosque. This two-rakah prayer in the early morning after the sun has completely risen is known as the Israaq prayer.
The chaasht prayer is also known as the Salat-ud-Duha and the Salat-al-Awwabeen in Islamic Jurisprudence, and its time starts a couple of hours after the sun has completely risen and lasts till the sun has reached its abject meridian at noon. The salat-ud-Duha or chaasht prayer is a supererogatory prayer and is offered in two rakah combinations, and the maximum number of rakahs which the Prophet (saws) prayed at this time was eight and according to another narration, twelve. A section of the eminent jurists and scholars in Islam are of the opinion that one may pray as many rakahs of Salat-ud-Duha as one wishes or is convenient or easy for them.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.31a
The time for duha begins when the sun is about a spear's length above the horizon and it continues until the sun reaches its meridian. It is preferred to delay it until the sun has risen high and the day has become hot.
Zaid ibn Arqam relates: "The Messenger of Allah (saws) went to the people of Quba', and they were performing the Duha prayer, and he (saws) said: 'The prayer of Duha should be observed when the young weaned camels feel the heat of the sun.'"
Related by Ahmad, Muslim, and at-Tirmidhi .
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.31b
The minimum number of rak'ah to be prayed in the supererogatory Duha (forenoon) prayer is two. The most that the Prophet (saws) performed was eight rak'at, whereas, the most he (saws) mentioned was twelve rak'at. Some eminent scholars, such as Abu Ja'far At-Tabari, Al-Mulaimi, and Ar-Ruwyani, who subscribe to the Shafi' school of thought, say there is no maximum limit to the number of rak'at that one may perform for the voluntary Duha prayers.
Al-'lraqi says, in the commentary on Sunan At-Tirmidhi: "None of the companions of the Prophet (saws) or followers are known to have restricted it to twelve rak'at." As-Syuti agrees with it.
Sa'id ibn Mansur records that al-Hassan was asked: "Did the companions of the Prophet (saws) perform the Duha prayer?" He answered: "Yes . . . some of them would pray two rak'at, and some of them would pray four rak'at, and some of them would continue until half the [early] day [had passed]."
Umm Hani narrates that the Prophet (saws) prayed eight rak'at of Duha and made the taslim after every two rak'at.
Related by Abu Dawud.
Aishah reports: "The Prophet (saws) would pray four rak'at for Duha and would add to it whatever Allah Willed."
Related by Ahmad, Muslim, and ibn Majah.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.274 Narrated by Abu Huraira
My friend (the Prophet (saws)) advised me to do three things and I shall not leave them till I die, these are: To fast three days every month, to offer the voluntary Duha prayer, and to offer Witr before sleeping.
Your Question: Can u please give me the indian timings for this.
Beloved brother, the exact time of the Ishraq or Chaasht (Duha) prayer is entirely dependant upon the timing of the rising of the sun; and because the time of the rising of the sun varies according to the season, it would be almost impossible for us to relate the exact Indian timings for these prayers.
As a thumb rule, the voluntary Ishraq prayers are to be prayed soon after the complete rising of the sun; and the Chaasht (Duha) prayers a couple of hours after the rising of the sun.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,