During a particular year, I kept a diary and marked all missed salat.I also missed many years of unrecorded salat
4833 missed prayers for years
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
During a particular year, I kept a diary and marked all missed salat.I also missed many years of unrecorded salat. Can I make up the diary ones first before the other years one (of which I'm not aware of the whole record). Also, I started doing the diary ones however I just started reading all the Fajrs and I planned to read all the Fajrs, then the Maghribs and then the 4 rakat ones. Is this OK? If not then, can I still mark off all the Fajr's I have already prayed? (as I have started reading numerous Fajrs).
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In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 4 Surah Nisaa verse 103:
Indeed the Salaat is a prescribed duty that should be performed by the believers at (their) appointed times.
Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 2 Surah Baqarah verses 45-46:
45 Nay seek (Allah's) help with patient perseverance and salaah: it is indeed hard except to those who bring a lowly spirit.
46 Who bear in mind the certainty that they are to meet their Lord and that they are to return to Him.
The Prophet (saws) said, "The head of the matter is Islam, its pillar is the prayer, and the top of its hump is Jihad in the Way of Allah."
Jabir reports that the Prophet (saws) said, "Between a person and disbelief is discarding prayer."
Related by Ahmad, Muslim, Abu Dawud, at-Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah.
Abdullah ibn 'Amr ibn al-'Aas reported that the Prophet (saws) one day mentioned the prayer and said, "Whoever guards and observes his prayer, they (his prayers) will be a light and a proof and a savior for him on the Day of Resurrection. Whoever does not guard and obvserve them, they will not be a light or a proof or a savior for him. On the Day of Resurrection, he will be with Qarun, Fir'aun, Haman and Ubayy ibn Khalf."
Related by Ahmad, at-Tabarani and Ibn Hibban.
A man came to the Prophet (saws) and said O Prophet of Allah (saws), what is the act or deed most loved by Allah?
The Prophet (saws) replied: To pray ones prayers on time.
The man asked further: What (deed or act most loved by Allah) next?
The Prophet (saws) replied: Obedience to ones parents.
The man asked further: What (deed or act most loved by Allah) next?
The Prophet (saws) replied: Jihaad in the Way of Allah.
Related by Bukhari.
Intentionally missing an obligatory prayer is not even given as an option in the deen of Islam! If one accidentally or unintentionally misses ones prayer through sleep or forgetfulness, one should pray it as soon as one wakes up or remembers it.
One should strive as hard as one can to make intention to offer ones obligatory prayers on their appointed times, and if Allah forbid, one misses a prayer, then the absolute least one can do is expiate and atone for that lapse by praying it qada in the sincere fear and hope that the Lord Most High will accept it.
Whoever sleeps through or has forgotten to pray a certain prayer should pray it when he wakes up or remembers the prayer. Abu Qatadah related that sleeping through the prayer time was mentioned to the Prophet (saws) and he said, "There is no negligence in sleep, but negligence occurs while one is awake. If one of you forgets a prayer or sleeps through its time, then he should pray it when he remembers it."
Related by an-Nasa'i and at-Tirmidhi.
Anas related that the Prophet (saws) said, "Whoever forgets a prayer should pray it when he remembers it, and there is no expiation for it save that."
Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
Your Question: During a particular year, I kept a diary and marked all missed salat.I also missed many years of unrecorded salat. Can I make up the diary ones first before the other years one (of which I'm not aware of the whole record).
If one has in the past been so negligent of his prayers that he has missed so many prayers that he needs to keep a record, then the absolute first thing he must do is immediately turn back to his Lord Most Gracious in sincere Taubah for his lapse, and make a solemn and sincere intention that from this day forward, he will never ever miss even one prayer on time ever again. If the person is sincere in seeking repentance, it is expected that he will find his Lord Merciful and Forgiving.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 39 Surah Zumur verses 53-54:
(O Prophet) say: O My servants who have wronged their own souls.Do not despair of Allahs Mercy! Surely, Allah forgives all sins. He indeed is the All Forgiving, All Merciful. Return to your Lord and submit to Him before the scourge overtakes you; for then you may get no help from anywhere.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 3 Surah Ale Imraan verse 135-136:
Allah likes such good people very much, who, if ever they commit a base deed or wrong their own soul by the commission of a sin, remember Allah instantly, and ask for forgiveness from Him for their shortcomings. For who, but Allah, can forgive sins? (And Allah loves those) who do not knowingly persist in the wrongs they did. These will be rewarded with forgiveness from Allah, and with Gardens beneath which canals flow, and they will reside therein forever! How excellent is the reward of those who do good deeds!
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 6 Surah Anaam verse 54:
When those come to you who believe in Our Signs, say: "Peace be on you! Your Lord had inscribed for Himself (the rule of) Mercy. Verily if any of you did evil in ignorance, and thereafter repented and amended (his conduct), Lo! He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful."
Your Question: Also, I started doing the diary ones however I just started reading all the Fajrs and I planned to read all the Fajrs, then the Maghribs and then the 4 rakat ones. Is this OK? If not then, can I still mark off all the Fajr's I have already prayed? (as I have started reading numerous Fajrs).
Beloved brother, if you have missed so many years of obligatory prayers in your past, you may fulfill those missed prayers in any format you desire or is easy for you. A better format suggested by the scholars to fulfill all those years of missed prayers is to estimate the number of years that you might have missed the obligatory prayers.and for the coming that many number of years, pray one extra prayer with each of your five obligatory prayer. Not only will this format put a less burden on you, your time, and your efforts.but it will fulfill your intention of making up all the missed obligatory prayers unto your Lord. And in addition to that, whenever you get a chance increase your supererogatory prayers (Sunnah and Nafl).for if there is any deficiency in your obligatory prayers, these supererogatory prayers will help fill those deficiencies.
Abu Hurairah reports that the Prophet (saws) said: "The first thing that the people will be called to account for on the Day of Resurrection will be the prayers. Our Lord will say to the Angels although He knows better: 'Look into the Salah of My servant to see if he observed it perfectly or been negligent in it. So if he observed it perfectly it will be recorded to his credit, but if he had been negligent in it in any way, Allah would say: See if My servant has any supererogatory (nafl) prayers. Then if he has any supererogatory prayers, Allah would say: Make up the deficiency in My servant's obligatory prayer with his supererogatory prayers.' Thereafter all his actions will be examined in like manner"
Related by Abu Dawud.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,