Narrated Abu Huraira (Radhiallaho anho): The Ansar said to the Prophet (sallallaahu`alaihi wasallam) "Distribute the date palm trees between us
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Narrated Abu Huraira (Radhiallaho anho):
The Ansar said to the Prophet (sallallaahu`alaihi wasallam) "Distribute the date palm trees between us and our emigrant brothers." He replied, "No." The Ansar said (to the emigrants), "Look after the trees (water and watch them) and share the fruits with us." The emigrants said, "We listen and obey."
Bukhari Vol. 3 : No. 518
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When the believers of Makkah were so oppressed by the
disbelieving Quraysh, they left their homes and everything they possessed at
one Command of their Lord and His Messenger (saws), and migrated absolutely
penniless with the Prophet (saws) to the
To integrate the now penniless believers of Makkah (Muhajirs) into the society of Madinah after their migration, the Prophet (saws) established a bond of brotherhood between each Muhajir and an Ansaar, so that they may establish themselves in their new destination. Such was this master-stroke of establishing a bond of brotherhood between the believers of Makkah and Madinah, that not only did it unite the hearts of the believers into one believing community and Ummah, but the true character and high morals of these noble believers shone to the forefront! The Ansaars of Madinah opened their hearts and their homes and welcomed their Muhajir brothers wholeheartedly with open arms and strove to equally share everything that they possessed in their pursuit to please Allah and His Messenger (saws); and the Muhajirs brothers, although accepting the unprecedented hospitality and generosity of their Ansaar brothers, invoked the blessings of Allah upon them, and sought no free benefit from them except that they themselves worked alongside them in their lands and markets and thus earn their own livelihood and establish themselves in their new city.
It was during this early time of emigration to Madinah that this incident related in the quoted narration took place.
The Ansar said to the Prophet (saws) "Distribute the date palm trees between us (the Ansaars) and our emigrant (Muhajir) brothers." He (saws) replied, "No." The Ansar said (to the emigrants), "Look after the trees (water and watch them) and share the fruits with us." The emigrants said, "We listen and obey."
The love of Allah and His Messenger (saws) and their Muhajir brothers prompted the blessed and generous believers amongst the Ansaars of Madinah to go with all their wealth to the Prophet of Allah (saws) and request that he (saws) distribute their wealth (which was predominantly their date producing trees) amongst the Ansaars and Muhajirs as he (saws) willed. The Messenger of Allah (saws) denied their unprecedented generous request, invoked the Mercy and Grace of the Lord Most Bounteous on the Ansaars of Madinah, told the Ansaars to continue their ownership of their lands and their wealth, and only permitted that the emigrant Muhajir believers work the lands of their Ansaar brothers and they share the produce of the land amongst them.
With the growth and subsequent conquest of the Muslims from Madinah, the Messenger of Allah (saws) distributed a portion of the new lands which were added to the Islamic State amongst the Muhajirs and the poor amongst the Ansaars; and thus with time, the Muhajirs who arrived penniless from Makkah were duely settled and established with their brother Ansaars in Madinah.
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