What is the ruling for a person who is passing infront of someone in namaz?
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Please advise what is the ruling for a person who is passing infront of someone in namaz? What should be the distance if someone wants to pass infront of the person praying namaz
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Passing in front of prayer
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Your Question: Please advise what is the ruling for a person who is passing infront of someone in namaz?
Abu Hurairah relates that the Prophet (saws) said: "When one of you prays, he should place something in front of him (sutra). If he cannot find anything, he should prop up his staff [in front of him]. If he does not have a staff, he should draw a line [on the ground in front of him] then nothing that passes in front of him will harm him."
Related by Ahmad, Abu Dawud and Ibn Hibban.
Busr ibn Sa'id says that Zaid ibn Khalid sent him to Abu Juhaim to ask him what he had heard from the Prophet (saws) concerning passing in front of someone who is praying. He said that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said: "If one knew [the sin] of passing in front of one who is praying, he would rather wait forty [???] than to pass in front of him."
Related by Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Ahmad and Abu Dawood.
Zaid ibn Khalid relates that the Messenger of Allah said: "If the one who passes in front of one who is praying knew what was upon him [of sin], it would be better for him to stand [and wait] for forty autumns than to pass in front of him."
Related by al-Bazzar.
Fiqh-us-Sunnah Fiqh 2.79
Preventing someone from passing in front of a praying person
It is permissible to keep some one from passing in front of a person who is praying.
If a praying person has a sutrah in front of him, then it is allowed for him to prevent any human or animal from passing in front of him. If a person passes in front of him from beyond the sutrah, then the person in salah is neither to prevent the passer-by nor will he be harmed by him.
Abu Saleh as-Saman said: "I will narrate to you what I heard and saw from Abu Sa'id al-Khudri. One day I was with Abu Sa'id and he was offering salah on Friday facing something which concealed him from the people when a young man from the tribe of Mu'ait came and tried to pass in front of Abu Sa'id. He pushed him back. He tried again and Abu Sa'id struck him harder. The two scuffled. The man went to Marwan to complain. Abu Sa'id also went to Marwan. Marwan asked: 'What has happened between you and the son of your brother that caused him to complain?' Abu Sa'id said: 'I heard the Prophet (saws) say: 'If any of you prays toward a sutrah and someone tries to pass in front of you, then turn him away. If he refuses, use force for he is the Shaytaan."'
Related by al-Bukhari and Muslim.
Your Question: What should be the distance if someone wants to pass infront of the person praying namaz?
The absolute minimum distance between where the worshipper is standing in prayer and where he rests his forehead in prostration should be absolutely honored by those wishing to pass in front of one offering his prayers.
In most mosques today, there is a distinct line drawn for the saffs either by the carpet or the tiles on the floor, and that would represent a sutra; thus there is no harm if one passes beyond this line. If one is praying in a place where there are no distinct lines drawn as sutra, then the one praying should place something just ahead of his place of destination as a mark or sutra, and if one wishes to pass in front of the one offering the prayer, he should cross in front of the mark or sutra.
What is absolutely discouraged is that one walks or passes between where the worshipper is standing for prayer and his place of prostration.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,