Sajdah Sahu forgetfullness
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
please, give a detailed explaination of how excesses and deficits in salat can
be corrected(i.e The acts of baadi and qubli) and when they are re quired.
(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)
Sajdah sahu forgetfullness
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 1.394 Narrated by Abdullah
The Prophet (saws) prayed (and the sub-narrator Ibrahim) said, "I do not know whether he prayed more or less than usual"), and when he (saws) had finished the prayers he was asked, "O Allah's Messenger (saws)! Has there been any change in the prayers?" He (saws) said, "What is it?' The people said, "You (saws) have prayed so much and so much." So the Prophet (saws) bent his legs, faced the Qibla and performed two prostration's (of Sahu) and finished his prayers with Taslim (by turning his face to right and left saying: "As-Salamu'Alaikum-Warahmat-ullah"). When he (saws) turned his face to us he (saws) said, "If there had been anything changed in the prayer, surely I would have informed you but I am a human being like you and liable to forget like you. So if I forget remind me and if anyone of you is doubtful about his prayer, he should follow what he thinks to be correct, and complete his prayer accordingly and finish it and do two prostrations (of Sahu)."
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 2.324 Narrated by Abu Huraira
The Messenger of Allah (saws) said, "When anyone of you stands for the prayers, Satan comes and puts him in doubts till he forgets how many Rakat he has prayed. So if this happens to anyone of you, he should perform two prostrations of Sahu while sitting. "
If one fears that one has forgotten or omitted or made any unintentional mistake in ones prayer due to forgetfulness, regardless of whether the prayer is obligatory or supererogatory, one should perform the sajdah-sahoo or prostration of forgetfulness; it is expected that the Lord Most Gracious will accept their worship of prayer and will not reduce their reward in the least.
There are two ways prescribed in the authentic narrations on how the Messenger of Allah (saws) performed the Sajdah-Sahoo and both are acceptable. Abu Sa'id al-Khudri reported that the Messenger of Allah (saws) did two sujjud before the taslim (Qubli), and in the narration of Dhul-Yadain narrated by Abu Hurairah, it is recorded that the Prophet (saws) made the prostrations after the taslim (Baadi).
The way to perform the Sajdah-Sahoo (or Sajdahs of forgetfulness) is to go into sajdah and glorify Allah, then sit and make supplication to Allah, then again go into sajdah and glorify Allah, and then perform the tasleems on either side.
This whole set of actions related above is called sajdah-sahoo and is to be done only once at the end of the prayer, if the person has made a mistake/s in the prayer.
Sajdah-Sahoo 1 (Qubli):
If one realizes one has made an error in prayer during the prayer, one should complete the prayer to the best of his conviction and recite the tashahud; just before the tasleems of either side at the end of the tashahud, one should make the two sajdahs for sajdah-sahoo and then perform the taslems on either side.
Sajdah-Sahoo 2 (Baadi):
If one realizes that one has made an error in prayer after one has already completed ones prayer and performed the tasleems; then immediately after realization of the error, one should make the two sajdahs for sajdah-sahoo and then again perform the tasleems on either side.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me alone. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your brother and well wisher in Islam,