Can my wife changed her last name to husband;s name instead of father;s name.
Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,
As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh. (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)
One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:
I am going to married soon. I wanna know after marriage can my wife changed her last name to husband;s name instead of father;s name. Is this leagally allowed in the light of Quran and sunna. and if not why it is not allowed.
I shall be waiting for your reply
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Father or husband name
In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.
Allah says in the Holy Quran Chapter 33 Surah Ahzaab verse 5 (part): Call them by (the names) of their fathers: that is juster in the sight of Allah.
Allah Subhanah guides the believers, whether they be male or female, single or married, to be called by their fathers name. It is absolutely not recommended, neither legal, nor lawful for a believing woman to change her last name or be recognized by her husbands name in Islam; but it is the direct command of Allah Subhanah to be recognized by the name of ones father.
It is not Islamic culture that a believing woman drops her fathers name, and is called upon by her husbands or anyone elses name. The guidance of Allah and His Messenger (saws) is that a person must always be called by his/her fathers name.
If Islamic culture allowed a woman to take the husbands name, then there is no bigger honor than to have the name of the Messenger of Allah (saws) attached to ones name! But the wives of the Prophet were always known, recognized and called by their respective fathers names, and never by the Prophets name.
Hadrat Aisha (r.a.) is and will always be known as Aisha bint Abu Baqr As-Siddiq (r.a.), although she was married to the Messenger of Allah (saws); and what could have been a bigger honor for a believing woman than to attach the name of the Messenger of Allah (saws) to ones name? But Hadrat Aisha (r.a.) and every noble and chaste wife of the Prophet (saws), even after their marriage to the Messenger of Allah (saws) were and will always be recognized by the name of her natural fathers.
This custom of dropping the womans fathers name and being called by the husbands name, is a pagan custom, and must be avoided by the believers, who sincerely fear Allah and the Last Day.
Just imagine the state of a woman who drops her fathers name and takes the name of the person she marries: what happens if she divorces the person? Does she revert back to her fathers name? What happens if she chooses to marry again? Does she drop her fathers name again and take on her new husbands name??? The Guidance and Truth of Islam has accorded every individual, whether male or female an honorable identity and guided them to be called and recognized by the name of their fathers for as long as they are remembered.
Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.
Your Brother in Islam,