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WHEN ALLAH HAS MADE US THE WAY HE WANTS US TO BE & KNOW ALL & KNOWS WHAT WE HAVE DONE, ARE DOING & GOING TO DO THEN WHY ARE WE DESTINED TO HEAVEN OR HELL.

Mu' meneen Brothers and Sisters,

As Salaam Aleikum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuh.  (May Allah's Peace, Mercy and Blessings be upon all of you)

 

One of our brothers/sisters has asked this question:

DEAR BURHAN SAHEB,

AS SALAM ALI KUM.

MAY ALLAH FORGIVE ME FOR MY IGNORANCE & AUDACITY, BUT I BELIEVE THAT BY ASKING QUESTIONS & GETTING CORRECT ANSWERS ONES FAITH BECOMES STRONGER.

GIVEN THE BELOW FACTS, WHEN ALLAH HAS MADE US THE WAY HE WANTS US TO BE & KNOW ALL & KNOWS WHAT WE HAVE DONE, ARE DOING & GOING TO DO THEN WHY ARE WE DESTINED TO HEAVEN OR HELL.

SOME SAY BUT ALLAH HAS GIVEN US A BRAIN & SHOWN US RIGHT & WRONG BUT STILL HE KNOWS WHAT WE ARE DESTINED TO. THEN WHY!

TILL TODAY NO ONE HAS GIVEN ME A LOGICAL EXPLANATION EXCEPT THE MOST LOGICAL ONE THAT I HAVE GOT IS THAT WE DO NOT KNOW!

SALAM. YOUR BROTHER IN ISLAM,

 

(There may be some grammatical and spelling errors in the above statement. The forum does not change anything from questions, comments and statements received from our readers for circulation in confidentiality.)

 

Answer:

 

Destiny fate

In the name of Allah, We praise Him, seek His help and ask for His forgiveness. Whoever Allah guides none can misguide, and whoever He allows to fall astray, none can guide them aright. We bear witness that there is no one (no idol, no person, no grave, no prophet, no imam, no dai, nobody!) worthy of worship but Allah Alone, and we bear witness that Muhammad (saws) is His slave-servant and the seal of His Messengers.

 

Your Statement: MAY ALLAH FORGIVE ME FOR MY IGNORANCE & AUDACITY, BUT I BELIEVE THAT BY ASKING QUESTIONS & GETTING CORRECT ANSWERS ONES FAITH BECOMES STRONGER.

Beloved brother in Islam, never ever hesitate or apologize for asking any questions in the deen; for the deen or way of life called Al-Islam is based on the Perfect Wisdom and Knowledge of the All Knowing Lord, and every single command of the All Wise Lord is abundant in common-sense and logic. Asking any type of questions in Islam to gain more knowledge, or to confirm the Truth so that ones heart is more content, or to understand and thus follow with more conviction the dictates of the deen is not only permissible, but absolutely encouraged in Islam. It is the right of the brother or sister to ask anything they wish to clarify in the deen; and it is the responsibility and duty of the good scholars to address the question asked to the best of their knowledge and ability, and in the most polite and humble manner.

 

What is discouraged in Islam is if one asks questions for the sake of asking, or argues only to ridicule the Truth with absolutely no intention of obeying or following when the Truth is made clear to them, etc. But if one asks questions to clarify and seek knowledge so that one may better follow the deen; such seeking of the Knowledge of Truth is absolutely encouraged in Islam

 

Your Question: GIVEN THE BELOW FACTS, WHEN ALLAH HAS MADE US THE WAY HE WANTS US TO BE & KNOW ALL & KNOWS WHAT WE HAVE DONE, ARE DOING & GOING TO DO THEN WHY ARE WE DESTINED TO HEAVEN OR HELL.

SOME SAY BUT ALLAH HAS GIVEN US A BRAIN & SHOWN US RIGHT & WRONG BUT STILL HE KNOWS WHAT WE ARE DESTINED TO. THEN WHY!

TILL TODAY NO ONE HAS GIVEN ME A LOGICAL EXPLANATION EXCEPT THE MOST LOGICAL ONE THAT I HAVE GOT IS THAT WE DO NOT KNOW!

Dear and Beloved Brother in Islam, the all-important question that you have asked have perplexed many amongst mankind and it is of paramount importance to understand and comprehend the reality of the matter of fate or destiny, and the test of the application of the faculty of intelligence and the free will which Allah Subhanah has bestowed on mankind as a test, the outcome or result of which will determine the state of the person in the eternal life of the Hereafter.

 

Sahih Muslim Hadith 6392 Narrated by Hudhayfah ibn Usayd

The Prophet (saws) said: When the drop of (semen) remains in the womb for forty (days) or forty nights, the angel comes and says: My Lord, will he be good or evil? And both these things would be written. Then the angel says: My Lord, would he be male or female? And both these things are written. And his deeds and actions, his death, his livelihood; these are also recorded. Then his document of destiny is rolled and there is no addition to and subtraction from it.

 

In light of the above authentic narration of the Messenger of Allah (saws) quoted, four things are predetermined:

Whether the new born will be male or female.

What will be his rizk or provision.

What day, date, and place he will die.

Whether the person will be an evil or good person.

 

We would just like to clarify here what is the actual reality of Fate or Destiny. To get a fuller understanding of Fate, it can be divided into two parts:

 

Part-1: One part of Fate is things over which the person has absolutely no control. For example, the three points in the above hadith: Whether one will be born male or female, what will his provision be, and what day, date and place he will die. These are the Decisions and Decrees of Allah Subhanah Alone, and no matter what a person does, he cannot change his Decreed sex from male to female, or change his appointment with death, etc. On all such Decrees of the Creator where man has absolutely no control, he will neither be questioned regarding these Decrees of Allah, nor will he be held accountable in the least for the fulfillment of any of these Decisions of Allah Subhanah.

 

Part-2: The second part of fate is not a Decision or Decree from Allah Subhanah, but is the Absolute and Perfect Knowledge of the All-Knowing, All-Wise Lord. For example, it is written down before one is born whether he will be a good or evil person: but it is not as if Allah Subhanah (I seek refuge in Allah from saying this) is unjust, and has already condemned someone to be evil, so he has to become evil!!! Because Allah Subhanah is the All Knowing, He already knows from His Absolute Knowledge and Wisdom, what the person with the given free will and intelligence will do in the future; and thus what is written is not a Decision from Allah Subhanah, but rather a documentation of the Absolute and Perfect Knowledge of Allah Subhanah.

 

Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 6.473 Narrated by Ali ibn Abi Taalib

While we were in a funeral procession in Baqi Al-Gharqad, the Messenger of Allah (saws) came and sat down, and we sat around him. He had a small stick in his hand and he bent his head and started scraping the ground with it. He (saws) then said, "There is none among you, and no created soul, but has his place written for him either in Paradise or in the Hell-Fire, and also has his happy or miserable fate (in the Hereafter) written for him." A man said, "O Messenger of Allah (saws)! Shall we depend upon what is written for us and give up doing (good) deeds? For whoever among us is destined to be fortunate (in the Hereafter), will join the fortunate peoples; and whoever among us is destined to be miserable will do such deeds as are characteristic of the people who are destined to misery." The Prophet (saws) said, "Those who are destined to be happy (in the Hereafter) will find it easy and pleasant to do the deeds characteristic of those destined to happiness; while those who are to be among the miserable (in the Hereafter), will find it easy to do the deeds characteristic of those destined to misery." Then he (saws) recited: "As for him who gives (in charity) and keeps his duty to Allah and believes in the Best reward from Allah, We will make smooth for him the path of ease. But he who is a greedy miser and thinks himself self-sufficient, and gives the lie to the best reward from Allah, we will make smooth for him the path for evil." (Quran 92:5-10)


 

In whatever thing man has absolutely no control or choice to choose, he will not be held accountable for them in the Just and Supreme Court of Allah Subhanah; but in whatever things man has a choice or a free will to choose amongst several options, he will be held accountable for choosing that option.

 

To understand and comprehend the true concept of Fate and Destiny, one must learn to appreciate the difference between the Lord All-Mighty being All-Knowing and His being the All-Just!

 

Fate or Destiny is nothing more than the documentation of the Absolute and Perfect Knowledge of our Lord All-Mighty of the conditions and the choice each in creation will make, which He Commanded to be written and preserved even before the creation of anything in the Heavens and the earth! Allah Subhanah is not bound by the dimension of time, as His Perfect and Absolute Knowledge comprehends and envelopes everything of the past, the present, and the future!

 

Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 94 Narrated by Ubadah ibn as-Samit

Allah's Messenger (saws) said: The (absolute) first thing which Allah created was the Pen. He commanded it to write. It (the pen) asked: What should I write? He said: Write the Al-Qadr (Decree, Fate, Destiny). So it wrote what had happened and what was going to happen up to eternity!

 

Allow us to relate a very simple example to clarify our point:

 

Just suppose a parent has a small son, and one evening the parent decides to put his son to a test and write down on a piece of paper the options he will give his son the next morning, and from his experience with his son, he determines what options the child will take when they are presented to him.

 

Example-1: Parent will give the option to his son to choose to go to school the next morning or skip school; and the parent, with his knowledge and experience, writes down the son would most probably choose the option to skip school!

 

Example-2: Parent will give the option to his son to choose to memorize the Quran or watch cartoons on TV; and the parent, with his knowledge, determines and writes that the son would most probably choose to watch TV!

 

Example-3: Parent would give the option to his son to choose to eat a wholesome and healthy diet of whole wheat-grain and vegetables or eat hamburgers and fries; and the parent, with his knowledge, determines and writes that the son, of his own free will, would most probably choose to eat hamburgers and fries!

 

Example-4: Parent would give the option to his son to choose to go to the local mosque to offer the dhuhr prayers or spend that time in the video-game arcade; and the parent, with his knowledge, determines and writes that his son, of his own free will, would most probably choose to spend the time in the arcade!

 

In all the above four examples, the probability is that any normal child, given a free will to choose between the two given options by his parent, would most probably choose the option which the parent had written down before the event took place! Because the child has been given a free will to choose, he is not bound to follow the option his parent had determined his son will take; but in all probability the child will take the option which his parent has pre-determined because the parent knows the temperament and condition of his child and knows exactly what his child will do in the given circumstances. The child has absolutely no control over the conditions and options set for him by his parent, nor is he bound to follow what his parent has documented the child would do, if given a free will to choose in the given circumstances.

 

But if the same parent gives the same options to his child, but promises a huge reward to his child (say, to buy him a brand new bike or the latest computer of his choice!) if he chooses the better of the two options; the smart and intelligent child would sacrifice the short-term gain in choosing what he desires and would opt for the option which would earn him the pleasure of his parents and the fulfillment of their promised rewards!

 

Similarly, Allah Subhanah has put mankind to a test by putting him in a set of conditions, and bestowed upon man the faculty of intelligence and a free-will for a limited period of one life on this earth, to choose whatever one wishes to do. If man chooses to sacrifice his desire and of his own free choice, sacrifices his will to the Will of His Lord, he will earn His Pleasure and His Promised Rewards!

 

Since the Knowledge of the All-Knowing, All-Wise Lord of the Worlds is absolutely Perfect and totally Complete in all respects, He Knows and has documented beforehand what each amongst His creation, if given a free will to choose, would do in a given situation. Allah Subhanah, in His Perfect and Absolutely Knows beforehand who amongst His slaves will sacrifice their will to earn His Pleasure and His Rewards, and who amongst His slaves will choose to fulfill whatever their hearts desire regardless of the Will and Pleasure of their Creator; and the precise documentation of that Absolute and Perfect Knowledge of the Lord All-Knowing is what is known as Fate or Decree.

 

Just as in the above related example of the child who is not bound to do what his parent had pre-determined he would choose, but rather the child chose of his own free will to do what he desired to do; man too, has been given a free will to choose whatever he wishes to do as a test from His Creator for a test period of one life on this earth!

 

The major difference between the knowledge of the parent and the Knowledge of Allah Subhanah is that the Knowledge of our All-Knowing Lord is Absolutely and Totally Perfect. It is possible that the child would choose something which his parent thought he would not, simply because the knowledge of man is limited; but since the Knowledge of our Lord All-Mighty is Absolutely and Totally Perfect, His Knowledge of what one will do of his own free will, can never ever be wrong or in error.

 

Neither the child in the above related examples, nor man in his test of life are bound to do what was pre-determined by the document; but rather, they were allowed to choose whatever they desired to do of their own free will; and therein was their test!

Dear and Beloved brother in Islam, it is absolutely paramount in importance that we understand the true concept of Fate and the bestowed free-will to enable each of us to fulfill this test of life. If our humble and weak efforts have not satisfied your query, we request you in all humility to give us another chance to explain this concept or alternatively you may consult in person a good righteous God-fearing scholar who will be able to address this all-important matter to your satisfaction.

 

There are many amongst mankind who have completely misunderstood (or have chosen to misunderstand) this concept of fate and free will; and live their lives in ignorance and disobedience of the Divine law in their false hope that they will become righteous if their Lord has Decreed in their Fate to become righteous! Allah is our witness, their this false hope and belief will bring nothing but misery and perdition upon themselves on that Eventful and Tumultuous Day of Judgment in the Majestic and Supreme Presence of the All-Just Lord of the Worlds!

 

Your Question: then why did he make us and whats our purpsoe in this world and life what was Allahs reason to make us if he knows everything that is gonna happen

When one sees, studies, and ponders over the perfect creation and the perfect balance created by the Creator in nature; and when one recognizes the Perfect and Absolute Attributes of his Perfect Creator through His Message and through His Messengers, one who is intelligent and wise comes to the inevitable conclusion that it is beyond comprehension for such a Perfect Creator to do anything in vain or without reason or created the heavens and earth for idle sport or play!

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 21 Surah Anbiya verses 16-17:

16 Not for (idle) sport did We create the heavens and the earth and all that is between!

17 If it had been Our wish to take (just) a pastime We should surely have taken it from the things nearest to Us if We would (ever) do (such a thing)!

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 44 Surah Dukhan verses 38-42:

38 We created not the heavens the earth and all between them merely in (idle) sport:

39 We created them not except for Just Ends: but most of them do not understand.

40 Verily the Day of Sorting Out is the time appointed for all of them

41 The Day when no protector can avail his client in aught and no help can they receive.

42 Except such as receive Allah's Mercy: for He is exalted in Might Most Merciful.

 

Your Question: why did He make us and whats our purpsoe in this world and life

The Lord Who Created gave men (and jinn) two things which He did not bestow in any amongst His supreme creation, and thus involved each in a test:

Intelligence or the Power of Reasoning

A free will to choose whichever way of life one wishes to live.

 

If one uses his bestowed intelligence and recognizes his Creator, and of his own free will submits his will to the Will of his Creator; he will earn His Mercy, Grace and Forgiveness. And if one denies his Creator, and refuses and rejects to submit his will to the Will of his Supreme and Majestic Creator, he will deserve His Wrath and His Anger!

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 51 Surah Dhariyat verse 56: I have created jinns and men only that they may serve Me.

 

Allah Says in the Holy Quran Chapter 67 Surah Mulk verses 1-4:

1 Blessed be He in Whose hands is Dominion: and He over all things Hath Power

2 He Who created Death and Life that He may try which of you is best in deed: and He is the Exalted in Might Oft-Forgiving

3 He Who created the seven heavens one above another; no want of proportion wilt thou see in the Creation of (Allah) Most Gracious so turn thy vision again: Seest thou any flaw?

4 Again turn thy vision a second time; (thy) vision will come back to thee dull and discomfited in a state worn out.

 

Thus the purpose of Allahs Supreme Creation of the heavens and the earth and everything in between is only so that He may put mankind (and the Jinns) to a test to determine who amongst them submit to Him and who amongst them reject Him. For those who choose to accept, submit, follow, and obey Him there is an Eternal Reward for them in the life of the Hereafter; and those who choose to deny, reject, and disobey Him, they will be held severely accountable for their deeds on an Inevitable Day in His Majestic and Supreme Presence!

 

Your Question: what was Allahs reason to make us if he knows everything that is gonna happen

Just as a teacher does not declare a student failed before giving him an opportunity to give his examination; the Lord Most Merciful does not fail anyone before He gives them an opportunity to give their test of life!

 

He is indeed the All-Knowing, and because His Knowledge is Absolutely Perfect and Absolute, He knows everything that has happened, is happening, and will happen in the future; but He is also the All-Just, and He has given each human being an opportunity of one life time as a test to either choose of their own free will to accept His Guidance and submit to Him, or deny His Guidance and reject Him!

 

Whatever one does in his test of this short and transient period of one life time will determine his outcome in the Eternal and Everlasting life of the Hereafter.

 

Whatever written of Truth and benefit is only due to Allahs Assistance and Guidance, and whatever of error is of me. Allah Alone Knows Best and He is the Only Source of Strength.

 

Your Brother in Islam,

 

 

Burhan

 


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